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457 Possible Causes for Pathological Fracture, Skin Discoloration

  • Kaposi Sarcoma

    skin lesion on both legs, initially considered as chronic vein insufficiency.[] […] female of Greek ethnicity, with no history of HIV infection or immunosuppression, presented to the Surgical Out-patient Department of our Center, with complaints of extensive discolored[]

  • Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

    PHPT must always be evaluated in patients with clinical histories of nephrolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis, osseous pain, subperiosteal resorption, and pathologic fractures, as[] Signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease may be seen in patients who have the condition, which includes bruising and skin discoloration, pruritus, pericardial rub, edema[] Clinical features are due to: Excessive calcium resorption from bone: Osteopenia and osteoporosis, presenting as bone pain and pathological fractures.[]

  • Diabetic Gangrene

    fracture , joint dislocation and fragmentation of articular cartilage Diabetic neuropathy is the most common cause.[] Bullae and the bluish skin discoloration are classic findings of gas gangrene and were noted have begun to show at the time of presentation of this case (Figures 1 and 2 )[] Decreased circulation may cause skin discoloration, skin temperature changes or pain.[]

  • Fibrous Dysplasia

    The patient underwent two operations successively due to pathological fractures in the left femur and tibia in a local hospital.[] Skin Discoloration Pigmented skin spots are often seen in patients with hormonal abnormalities and fibrous dysplasia.[] At 10 years of age, he had a pathologic fracture of the right femur.[]

  • Amniotic Band

    Following consolidation and removal of the distraction devices, the child was markedly improved despite what appeared to be a pathologic fracture in the region of the mandibular[] Her mother was concerned about right foot swelling and skin discoloration.[] She noted that the baby’s foot and digits would intermittently become swollen and have purple discoloration.[]

  • Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis

    Pathological fractures and musculoskeletal and connective tissue malignancy with cc 544 Pathological fractures and musculoskeletal and connective tissue malignancy without[] The lesions progressed from subcutaneous nodules to red-black skin discoloration, blister formation, and eventually ulceration.[] ICD-10-CM M31.30 is grouped within Diagnostic Related Group(s) (MS-DRG v 36.0): 542 Pathological fractures and musculoskeletal and connective tissue malignancy with mcc 543[]

  • Hyperthyroidism

    This case emphasizes the importance of maintaining a broad differential diagnosis when a patient presents with a pathologic fracture.[] […] condition known as pretibial myxedema (waxy skin discoloration) Western treatments include irradiation of the thyroid, surgical removal of the thyroid, and pharmaceutical[] We report a case of an 11-year-old boy with undiagnosed hyperthyroidism presenting with fractures and osteoporosis.[]

  • Spinal Cord Injury

    SCI most commonly occurs after trauma, however there other causes including pathologic fractures, spinal tumors, spinal infections, and congenital spinal anomalies.[] Most common in acute and sub acute phase But can occur any time Most common cause – long term immobility • Pain • Swelling • Tenderness • Skin discoloration • Warmth Risk[]

  • Jaffe-Campanacci Syndrome

    The risk of pathological fracture is over 50%, due to substantial cortical thinning of the weight-bearing bones.[] The scheme fits many syndromes with odd skin and discoloration seen at birth.[] A proposed scoring system for diagnosing impeding pathologic fractures.[]

  • Acroosteolysis

    Pathologic fractures are clinically the most important manifestation of ADOD. In one family the mother and four of her six children were affected.[] Scleroderma-like skin plaques, soft tissue nodules, hyperhidrosis, skin discoloration, and carpal tunnel syndrome are additional clinical manifestations (Sadick 1976).[] If complications such as pathological fractures and accumulation of fluid in the lungs and heart are noted, additional treatments may be necessary The outcome of Gorham-Stout[]

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