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181 Possible Causes for Perforation of Cecum

  • Appendicitis

    Finally, gangrene and perforation occur.[web.archive.org] For a secondary analysis, the oral contrast group was subdivided into "complete" (contrast extending into the cecum) or "partial" contrast.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The surgeon can usually remove the appendix even if perforated.[merck.com]

  • Cecum Diverticulum

    Inflammation and perforation of a solitary diverticulum of the cecum : A report of 5 cases and literature review. Rev. esp. enferm. dig.[scielo.isciii.es] During the surgical procedure, perforation of the cecum was found.[jacobspublishers.com] Such mistake is responsible for more than 70% of cecum perforation in patients with cecum diverticulitis who had undergone a surgical procedure due to acute appendicitis preoperatively[medcraveonline.com]

  • Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction

    Its importance is reflected in an overall mortality of up to 30%, perforation of the cecum occurring in 14.8% of patients with a reported mortality of up to 46%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An evaluation of cecal size in impending perforation of the cecum. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1956;103(6):711-8.[ojs.piscomed.com] I mages are supine and upright radiographs of a bdomen which show dilated colon from cecum to rectum with multiple air-fluid levels.[learningradiology.com]

  • Typhlitis

    One patient had sealed perforation in the cecum, 2 had a perforation in cecum, and 1 had multiple perforations in cecum and ascending colon.[atmph.org] Thick walled and poorly distensible cecum Thumbprinting Differential Diagnosis Treatment Uncomplicated disease Treated with bowel rest, total parenteral nutrition, IV fluids[learningradiology.com] Perforated typhlitis – axial contrast enhanced CT of the abdomen and pelvis demonstrates marked cecal wall thickening (yellow arrows), a focal defect in the wall of the cecum[radiologypics.com]

  • Umbilical Hernia

    We present the first imaging report of perforated appendicitis in an umbilical hernia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Computed tomography demonstrated a gas-forming abscess within an umbilical hernia and the cecum was found inside the hernial sac, with an inner relation to the abscess.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ileus

    The colonic distention may lead to perforation of the cecum, especially if the cecal diameter exceeds 12 cm.[emedicine.medscape.com] Note the massive dilatation of the colon, especially the right colon and cecum.[emedicine.medscape.com] The mortality rate for pseudo-obstruction is 50% if patients progress to ischemic necrosis and perforation. [16] Initial treatment includes hydration, rectal and nasogastric[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Hemorrhoids

    Intestinal perforation and bleeding with hemoperitoneum due to an undiagnosed enterocele may occur [ 108 ].[doi.org] On the other hand, even massive rectal wall hematoma diffusing to the whole pelvis and reaching the cecum may respond to transanal drainage by rectotomy.[doi.org]

  • Retrocecal Appendicitis

    […] base of appendix was seen, with perforation of the cecum.[medresearch.in] The patient was taken to the operating room, where mobilization of the cecum showed a large abscess containing a perforated and necrotic retrocecal appendix.[cmaj.ca] The surgeon can usually remove the appendix even if perforated.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

    […] of the cecum.[emedicine.com] Gangrene and spontaneous perforation of the cecum as a complication of pseudo-obstruction of the colon: report of three cases and speculation as to etiology.[emedicine.com] The reported incidence of cecal perforation is 3-40%, and the associated mortality is 40-50%. [2, 14, 35] A cecal diameter greater than 14 cm, a delay in colonic decompression[emedicine.com]

  • Colonic Perforation

    After removal of stool, a perforation site was detected in the cecum with an invasive ascending colon cancer.[dovepress.com] Wilks and Moxon, in their description of ulcerative colitis, realized the danger of perforation, mentioning the cecum and rectum as possible sites where this was likely to[omicsonline.org] Intra-operative findings showed a linear perforation of 5 mm long of the anterior region of the cecum and there were no abnormalities in the remaining colon.[ghrnet.org]

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