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138 Possible Causes for Pericardial Effusion, S3 Gallop

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  • Congestive Heart Failure

    effusion, arrhythmia (including tachycardia), palpitations Uncommon: myocardial infarction, pericarditis, ventricular arrhythmia (including ventricular tachycardia), angina[] Physical examination reveals an S3 gallop, 2 peripheral pitting edema, and marked jugular venous distention.[] The major criteria include: Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Distention of neck veins Crepitations Cardiomegaly Acute pulmonary edema S3 gallop rhythm Increased venous pressure[]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    effusion.[] In this situation, there may be concurrent jugular venous distension peripheral edema and a S3 gallop. Diaphoresis can be common in AMI.[] Class I: No evidence of HF (mortality 6%) Class II: Findings of mild to moderate HF (S3 gallop, rales halfway up lung fields or elevated jugular venous pressure (mortality[]

  • Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis

    Chest X-ray showed cardiomegaly and a small right- sided pleural effusion. Echocardiogram confirmed the presence of a large pericardial effusion which was drained.[] .  Prominent S3 gallop may be present.  Secondary tricuspid regurgitation with its characteristic murmur.  Abdominal examination reveals hepatomegaly, often with palpable[] In the conducted echocardiography, enlargement of right atrium (44 mm), right ventricle (46 mm), and left atrium (42 mm) along with mild pericardial effusion, pericardial[]

  • Myxedema

    Hypothyroidism is also associated with pericardial effusion with rare progression to tamponade.[] A cardiopulmonary examination did not show S3 gallop, jugular venous distension, or other features suggestive of heart failure.[] Pericardial effusion is frequently found in patients diagnosed with hypothyroidism, yet it is rarely associated with cardiac tamponade.[]

  • Giant Cell Myocarditis

    Reports include pericarditis, pericardial effusion, myocarditis, myocardial infarction, endocarditis and arrythmias.[] Patient was tachycardic with normal S1, S2, an audible S3 gallop, and no murmurs. Extremities were warm and well perfused.[] effusion of 1.2 cm MRI, IR, FLASH Subendocardial delayed enhancement Increased septal wall thickness Prognostic factors Most patients recover spontaneously with no known[]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    The seropositivity for these AABs was correlated with the severity of LV dysfunction and the occurrence of pericardial effusion indicative of perimyocardial inflammation at[] Her lungs were clear to auscultation and her heart rate was regular, with an S3 gallop. Her extremities were nonedematous, and she had no calf tenderness.[] Within 3 days since delivery she suffered from severe symptoms of heart failure (orthopnoea, pleural and pericardial effusion, reduced systolic function LVEF 15%).[]

  • Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

    Echocardiography was repeated and showed signs of elevated right ventricular systolic pressure and a slightly increased moderate/severe pericardial effusion without signs[] gallop Other findings may include hepatomegaly with palpable pulsations of the liver and an abnormal abdominal-jugular reflex.[] The pSS patients with Raynaud's phenomenon, high-titer rheumatoid factor, hepatic injury or pericardial effusion should be screened for PAH.[]

  • Chagas Disease

    The patient presented acute cardiomyopathy and pericardial effusion without cardiac tamponade.[] Cardiovascular exam reveals an elevated JVD, displaced PMI, S3 gallop with a holosystolic murmur radiating to the axillae, and pitting edema of both ankles.[]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    effusion that resulted in cardiac tamponade with isolated left ventricular collapse.[] Other complications were pulmonary hypertension and pericardial effusion.[] Pericardial involvement Initially results in a pericardial inflammation and an effusion. A fibrinous pericarditis can occur.[]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    We reported the case of a 12-year-old girl with congestive heart failure, acute myocarditis and pericardial effusion as a primary manifestation of SLE.[] The physical examination is perhaps even more important, which can reveal tachycardia, cardiac murmurs (soft S1 sound, S3 or S4 gallop, as well as sounds pointing toward insufficiency[] Transthoracic echocardiography 1 year later showed no pericardial effusion and a normal left ventricular ejection fraction.[]

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