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468 Possible Causes for Periosteal Reaction

  • Periostitis

    Periosteal reaction has different etiologies in early infancy.[] […] the distal phalanx, and a periosteal reaction.[] In another patient, periosteal reaction was seen on both sides of the phalanx with an intact phalanx.[]

  • Malignant Bone Neoplasm

    LACK OF PERIOSTEAL REACTION[] […] or onion skin periosteal reaction, demonstrates multiple concentric parallel layers of new bone adjacent to the cortex, reminiscent of the layers on an onion.[] Periosteal reactions can be a guide to the aggressiveness of the lesion as well.[]

  • Familial Teutschlaender Disease

    reaction and cortical hyperostosis.[] […] hyperostosis-hyperphosphatemia syndrome' is sometimes used when the disorder is characterized by involvement of the long bones associated with the radiographic findings of periosteal[] Some patients manifest recurrent, transient, painful swellings of the long bones associated with the radiographic findings of periosteal reaction and cortical hyperostosis[]

  • Chondroblastoma

    Computed tomography scan clearly demonstrated a tumoral lesion of the left femoral neck and a periosteal reaction along the anterior cortex of the femur, distal to the legion[] Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a marrow-infiltrative lesion with periosteal reaction and thickened enhancing periosteum.[] Chondroblastomas are typically associated with bone marrow edema, periosteal reaction and soft tissue reaction.[]

  • Bone Lymphoma

    No periosteal reactions or sequesters were observed. Two patients were treated surgically by radical resection and implantation of a prosthesis.[] Radiological imaging revealed a lytic destruction, periosteal reaction, and pathological fracture of radius and tibia with soft tissue mass.[] Despite this variability, the presence of a solitary, permeative, metadiaphyseal lesion with a layered periosteal reaction on plain radiographs and a soft-tissue mass on MR[]

  • Brodie Abscess

    One third of the lesions were diaphyseal in location, and 50% had associated cortical thickening, while 40% showed a stimulated periosteal reaction, and 20% contained sequestra[] reaction or bone enlargement.[] The classic appearance on X-ray is a small walled-off cavity in the bone with little or no periosteal reaction. Treatment is by surgical drainage and antibiotics. Sir B.[]

  • Juxtacortical Osteosarcoma

    periosteal OS may be difficult at imaging, as both can occur in diaphyses and cause periosteal reaction and bone destruction.[] […] a benign periosteal reaction.[] […] chondroma that is usually No hair on end periosteal reaction (vs. chondroblastic osteosarcoma) Intramedullary canal is spared Differential Diagnosis Periosteal Chondroma[]

  • Bone Cyst

    The initial radiograph showed a discrete periostic reaction and acetabulum effacement.[] Figure A T2 weighted images (WI) showed a cortical bone defect and an interrupted shell-like periosteal reaction (Fig.[] reaction (continuous periosteal reaction) Fig 1a.[]

  • Autosomal Recessive Pachydermoperiostosis 

    Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy is characterized by digital clubbing and periosteal reaction of long bones.[] Clubbing of the fingers and toes was seen in all the patients and a periosteal reaction was found in the long bones in 11 patients.[] Radiographs show characteristic periosteal reaction and thickening along the long bones. We present MRI and US findings in a child with the condition.[]

  • Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis

    We describe the case of a female patient, aged 2 years and 5 months, with involvement of the left ulna, right jaw and left tibia, showing a predominance of periosteal reaction[] The initial lesions are typically found in the metaphyses, generally without periosteal reaction.[] Imaging showed an extraordinary involvement of both femoral diaphyses and distal metaphyses with extensive lamellar-like periosteal reactions.[]

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