Create issue ticket

35 Possible Causes for Periventricular White Matter Gliosis

  • Periventricular Leukomalacia

    There is loss of normal periventricular white matter, with associated gliosis and thinning of the corpus callosum.[] Abstract The most common form of brain injury in preterm infants is focal necrosis and gliosis of the periventricular white matter, generally referred to as periventricular[] Imaging Findings: There is a paucity of normal periventricular white matter, greatest near the posterior aspect of the lateral ventricles.[]

  • Late-onset Depression

    Neuropathological evaluation included bilateral semi-quantitative assessment of lacunes, deep white matter and periventricular demyelination, cortical microinfarcts and both[] […] focal and diffuse gliosis.[]

  • Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 4B

    The signal intensity of the periventricular white matter was usually higher than that of the peripheral white matter, a finding which correlated with the severe periventricular[] After MRI, specimens for histopathological analysis were taken from standard areas of the cerebral cortex, deep nuclei and white matter.[] […] loss of myelin and gliosis observed histologically.[]

  • Neonatal Osteosclerotic Dysplasia

    White matter lesions Periventricular leukomalacia — common in preterm infants, see section PVL Cerebral white matter gliosis — the same period in risk as PVL (28 – 32 weeks[]

  • Pyruvate Carboxylase Deficiency

    MRI Findings Type B pyruvate carboxylase (PC) deficiency is associated with ventricular dilation, cerebrocortical and white matter atrophy, or periventricular white matter[] Type A is associated with symmetrical cystic lesions and gliosis in the cortex, basal ganglia, brainstem, or cerebellum and/or generalized hypomyelination, as well as hyperintensity[]

  • Sener Syndrome

    The most frequent finding in the white matter is gliosis, mainly in the centrum semiovale and in the periventricular region.[] There were bilateral hyperintensities seen on T2-weighted images in the periventricular white matter and in the centrum semiovale.[] The second examination ( Fig 2 ), done four years later, at six years of age, showed the appearance of cysts in the periventricular white matter that corresponds to perivascular[]

  • Cerebellar Hypoplasia and Atrophy

    white matter Opisthotonus Generalized seizures Chorea Dyskinesia Lower limb spasticity Narrow palate Gliosis Irritability Clonus Feeding difficulties in infancy Polyhydramnios[] Prominent nasal bridge Apnea Visual loss Clinodactyly Hyperreflexia Hypoplasia of the ventral pons Extrapyramidal dyskinesia Restlessness Adducted thumb Abnormality of the periventricular[]

  • Sjogren-Larsson Syndrome

    Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) may be useful to show high lipid densities in the white matter around the ventricles.[] The changes are confined to cerebral white matter and suggest an accumulation of lipids, periventricular gliosis, delayed myelination, and a mild permanent myelin deficit.[] Gliosis is another significant finding seen on MRS. Gross examination of brain sections shows diffuse atrophy with gliosis, without any significant axonal loss.[]

  • Autosomal Recessive Osteopetrosis 5

    .- Periventricular Germinal Layer.- Volume of White Matter.- Myelination Gliosis and Development of Astrocytes.- Myelination.- Regional Timing of Myelination.- Basal Ganglia[]

  • Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

    CT Asymmetric focal zones of low attenuation involving the periventricular and subcortical white matter.[] […] infected oligodendrocytes with enlarged amphophilic nuclei located at the periphery of the lesions, macrophages containing phagocytosed cellular debris and myelin, and reactive gliosis[]

Further symptoms