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407 Possible Causes for Petechiae, Retinal Hemorrhage

  • Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis

    […] circulations. 1-4 The ocular findings in this patient can best be understood as the result of multiple microscopic emboli to the retinal circulation causing retinal hemorrhage[] SBE manifests many skin findings including petechiae, splinter hemorrhages of the nails, Osler's and laneway lesions, clubbing of the fingers, and findings suggestive of angiitis[] Classical lesions associated with subacute bacterial endocarditis include petechiae, splinter hemorrhages, Osler's modes and Janaway lesions.[]

  • Aplastic Anemia

    We report a case of 6-year-old South Asian girl presenting with bruises, petechiae, and recent history of loose stools.[] Typical ophthalmic manifestations include eyelid hematoma, subconjunctival hemorrhage, cotton wool spots, retinal nerve fiber layer hemorrhage, Roth's spots, pre-retinal hemorrhage[] Symptoms result from anemia, thrombocytopenia (petechiae, bleeding), or leukopenia (infections).[]

  • Scurvy

    Pediatric scurvy is a rare condition characterized by perifollicular petechiae and bruising, hemorrhagic gingivitis and musculoskeletal symptoms, all assumed to be predominantly[] Gum bleeding, petechiae and pseudoparalysis and suggestive radiograph characterized scurvy.[] […] report the case of a 50-year-old alcoholic man with chronic hepatitis C virus infection, who presented to the emergency department with fever and exuberant ecchymoses and petechiae[]

  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    Two weeks later, he was transferred to the West China Hospital with nasal hemorrhage for 1 week, hematochezia, hematuria, and petechiae for 5 days.[] He also develops petechiae on his shoulders and abdomen.[] Physical examination may reveal petechiae, ecchymosis, gangrene, mental disorientation, hypoxia, hypotension, and GI bleeding.[]

  • Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome

    The clinical course was complicated by severe CMV retinitis with bilateral retinal hemorrhages and renal vasculitis.[] Thrasher; used with consent given by parents History & Exam Key Factors FHx of WAS easy bruising and petechiae Other Factors serious bleeding recurrent infections serious[] Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a rare immunodeficiency disease with a characteristic phenotype that includes: X-linked recessive petechiae, bloody diarrhoea, epistaxis[]

  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

    The histopathologic ocular findings in a case of presumed Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) include retinal hemorrhages, vasculitis, and vascular occlusion.[] Areas of petechiae may result in tiny scars. In rare cases, severe necrosis and gangrene may require amputation.[] hemorrhages, and retinal arteriolar sheathing.[]

  • Malignant Hypertension

    […] has improved; mean proteinuria is important prognostic factor ( Nephrol Dial Transplant 2010;25:3266 ) Gross description "Flea bitten" appearance of kidney due to pinpoint petechiae[] Examination revealed bilateral 360 hemorrhagic choroidal detachments without retinal hemorrhage or detachment.[] Flame-shaped retinal hemorrhages, an early finding, are due to smooth muscle necrosis and bleeding along the nerve fiber layer.[]

  • Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever

    In the course of the co-infection, he developed fever, thrombocytopenia (13,700 cells/mm3), petechia, and hypoalbuminemia, which are compatible with the World Health Organization[] Pituitary apoplexy should be considered as differential diagnosis of visual deterioration apart from retinal hemorrhage, maculopathy, and optic neuropathy in cases of dengue[] We present a 51 year old male who presented with fever, petechiae and acute onset of breathlessness.[]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    This report describes rare oral manifestations of multiple myeloma like oral petechiae and gingival swelling presented in a 40-year-old male patient.[] Sludging in the capillaries resulting in purpura, papilledema, central nervous system symptoms, retinal hemorrhage, or coronary ischemia can occur.[] Purpura, retinal hemorrhage, papilledema, coronary ischemia, seizures, and confusion may occur as a result of hyperviscosity syndrome.[]

  • Acute Leukemia

    The early symptoms and signs of acute leukemia may be similar to the flu, and include fatigue, fever, dyspnea, weight loss, bony pain and petechiae (flat pinpoint spots under[] hemorrhages, exudates, and protuberant lesions were now seen.[] […] infection because there are a decreased number of healthy white blood cells , known as neutropenia Bruising or bleeding from decreased platelets, known as thrombocytopenia Petechiae[]

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