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66 Possible Causes for Pharyngeal Hypotonia

  • Velocardiofacial Syndrome

    hypotonia.[] VPI is much more frequent due to special abnormal conditions inherent to VCFS including: platybasia, hypotrophy of adenoid, enlarged tonsils, hypotonia and abnormal pharyngeal[] These abnormalities may include atypical placement of the levator veli palatini muscle or hypoplasia and hypotonia of the levator veli palatini and/or pharyngeal constrictors[]

  • Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy

    […] pressure and severe pharyngeal hypotonia. 3 In our case, no hypertonia of the UOS was detected, with the hypotonic component predominating instead.[] Oesophageal manometry was later performed and the conclusion reached was a pharyngeal motility disorder with severe hypotonia, hypertonia of the cardia with incomplete relaxations[] Although videofluoroscopy is not available at our centre, in the pharyngeal phase of this test we would observe a homogeneous, symmetrical post-swallowing residue in both[]

  • Tonsillar Hypertrophy

    Following surgery, the expiratory flow-volume curve was abnormal in the supine position, consistent with the additional diagnosis of posterior pharyngeal hypotonia.[] Thus, in this patient the unique combination of tonsillar hypertrophy, posterior pharyngeal hypotonia, obesity, and a depressed respiratory center led to retention of carbon[]

  • Desipramine

    To date, there have not been effective methods to reverse pharyngeal hypotonia pharmacologically in sleeping humans.[] One of the key factors that triggers upper airway collapse is decreased pharyngeal dilator muscle activity during sleep.[] […] tested the hypothesis that administration of desipramine 200 mg prevents the state-related reduction in genioglossus activity that occurs during sleep and thereby decreases pharyngeal[]

  • Purine-Nucleoside Phosphorylase Deficiency

    The patient was able to articulate few words due to pharyngeal hypotonia, but had normal comprehension. She was able to sit unaided, stand, and walk with support.[] Neurological assessment confirmed mild to moderate developmental delay, with global hypotonia.[]

  • Mobius Syndrome

    The incidence of autistic spectrum disorders is 30% in patients with Moebius sequence. [ 3 ] Neurological sequelae Hypotonia , pharyngeal weakness, feeding difficulties .[]

  • Velopharyngeal Insufficiency

    VPD is common in patients with VCF syndrome due to the presence of a cleft palate and pharyngeal hypotonia.[] hypotonia, abnormal muscular action and an obtuse basicranium, which contributes to the pharyngeal gap. [66] While DSP has been advocated, VCFS patients have shown twice[] Velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS) In general, we utilize pharyngeal flaps as a last resort option, except in cases of VCFS, where we employ a modification of the pharyngeal[]

  • Respiration Disorder

    Changes in medication for epilepsy or spasticity may also increase pharyngeal hypotonia and/or upper airway secretions, and thus OSAS.[]

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Other causes of OSA include: Obesity Narrow facial bone structure Retrognathia (small jaw) History of cleft palate or pharyngeal flap surgery Low muscle tone (hypotonia, as[]

  • Congenital Velopharyngeal Incompetence

    VPD is common in patients with VCF syndrome due to the presence of a cleft palate and pharyngeal hypotonia.[] VPD is common in patients with VCF syndrome, not only because of the presence of a cleft palate, but also because of pharyngeal hypotonia. [9, 10, 11, 12] VPI has been reported[] […] acquired causes VPD may develop in children with a stroke or head injury, especially if damage occurs to the motor centers that control the cranial nerves responsible for pharyngeal[]

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