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66 Possible Causes for Pharyngeal Hypotonia

  • Velocardiofacial Syndrome

    hypotonia.[cibsr.stanford.edu] VPI is much more frequent due to special abnormal conditions inherent to VCFS including: platybasia, hypotrophy of adenoid, enlarged tonsils, hypotonia and abnormal pharyngeal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These abnormalities may include atypical placement of the levator veli palatini muscle or hypoplasia and hypotonia of the levator veli palatini and/or pharyngeal constrictors[smartspeechtherapy.com]

  • Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy

    […] pressure and severe pharyngeal hypotonia. 3 In our case, no hypertonia of the UOS was detected, with the hypotonic component predominating instead.[elsevier.es] Oesophageal manometry was later performed and the conclusion reached was a pharyngeal motility disorder with severe hypotonia, hypertonia of the cardia with incomplete relaxations[elsevier.es] Although videofluoroscopy is not available at our centre, in the pharyngeal phase of this test we would observe a homogeneous, symmetrical post-swallowing residue in both[elsevier.es]

  • Tonsillar Hypertrophy

    Following surgery, the expiratory flow-volume curve was abnormal in the supine position, consistent with the additional diagnosis of posterior pharyngeal hypotonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Thus, in this patient the unique combination of tonsillar hypertrophy, posterior pharyngeal hypotonia, obesity, and a depressed respiratory center led to retention of carbon[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Desipramine

    To date, there have not been effective methods to reverse pharyngeal hypotonia pharmacologically in sleeping humans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One of the key factors that triggers upper airway collapse is decreased pharyngeal dilator muscle activity during sleep.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] tested the hypothesis that administration of desipramine 200 mg prevents the state-related reduction in genioglossus activity that occurs during sleep and thereby decreases pharyngeal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Purine-Nucleoside Phosphorylase Deficiency

    The patient was able to articulate few words due to pharyngeal hypotonia, but had normal comprehension. She was able to sit unaided, stand, and walk with support.[journal.frontiersin.org] Neurological assessment confirmed mild to moderate developmental delay, with global hypotonia.[journal.frontiersin.org]

  • Mobius Syndrome

    The incidence of autistic spectrum disorders is 30% in patients with Moebius sequence. [ 3 ] Neurological sequelae Hypotonia , pharyngeal weakness, feeding difficulties .[patient.info]

  • Velopharyngeal Insufficiency

    VPD is common in patients with VCF syndrome due to the presence of a cleft palate and pharyngeal hypotonia.[emedicine.medscape.com] hypotonia, abnormal muscular action and an obtuse basicranium, which contributes to the pharyngeal gap. [66] While DSP has been advocated, VCFS patients have shown twice[jclpca.org] Velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS) In general, we utilize pharyngeal flaps as a last resort option, except in cases of VCFS, where we employ a modification of the pharyngeal[jclpca.org]

  • Respiration Disorder

    Changes in medication for epilepsy or spasticity may also increase pharyngeal hypotonia and/or upper airway secretions, and thus OSAS.[breathe.ersjournals.com]

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Other causes of OSA include: Obesity Narrow facial bone structure Retrognathia (small jaw) History of cleft palate or pharyngeal flap surgery Low muscle tone (hypotonia, as[my.clevelandclinic.org]

  • Congenital Velopharyngeal Incompetence

    VPD is common in patients with VCF syndrome due to the presence of a cleft palate and pharyngeal hypotonia.[thehealthscience.com] VPD is common in patients with VCF syndrome, not only because of the presence of a cleft palate, but also because of pharyngeal hypotonia. [9, 10, 11, 12] VPI has been reported[thehealthscience.com] […] acquired causes VPD may develop in children with a stroke or head injury, especially if damage occurs to the motor centers that control the cranial nerves responsible for pharyngeal[thehealthscience.com]

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