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157 Possible Causes for Pharyngeal Muscle Weakness

  • Esophagitis

    Abstract Reflux esophagitis is characterized by excessive esophageal acid exposure. To treat reflux esophagitis, it is necessary to reduce excessive esophageal acid exposure to within the normal range. The first-line drug for the treatment of reflux esophagitis is a standard-dose proton-pump inhibitor (PPI), which[…][]

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

    Am J Surg. 2017 May;213(5):984-987. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2017.03.018. Epub 2017 Mar 27. Author information 1 Department of Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Tacoma, WA, USA. 2 Department of Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Tacoma, WA, USA. Electronic[…][]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Symptoms include pharyngeal muscle weakness (involved with swallowing), weak jaw and facial muscles, progressive loss of speech, and tongue muscle atrophy.[]

  • Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy

    Evidence of pharyngeal muscle weakness often occurs concomitantly with the ocular signs (43%). Ptosis occurs first in 43% and dysphagia first in 14%.[] Interestingly, the degree of myopathic changes was more prominent in the eyelid and pharyngeal muscles.[] We focus on the pharyngeal and eyelid muscles, which are often affected in OPMD patients. We suggest that muscle weakness in OPMD is a paradigm for muscle aging.[]

  • Hemiplegia

    We evaluated the efficacy and robustness of a second generation implantable stimulator for correcting drop foot (DF) in a patient with left-sided hemiplegia over 20 years of functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the common peroneal nerve (CPN). Dorsal flexion and eversion of the affected foot was partially[…][]

  • Esophageal Achalasia

    Abstract We describe a patient who developed an ataxic sensory syndrome associated with xerophthalmia and progressive dysphagia with regurgitation. Electrophysiological findings were consistent with an axonal sensory neuropathy, and superficial peroneal nerve biopsy showed a reduction in number of myelinated[…][]

  • Syringobulbia

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and types of abnormalities of respiratory control during sleep in syringomyelia and syringobulbia and to provide a basis to predict patients at risk of sudden death. METHODS: Thirty patients (15 male and 15 female; mean age 39.0 /- 12.6 years) with communicating syringomyelia[…][]

  • Myasthenic Crisis

    OBJECTIVE: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease mostly caused by autoantibodies against acetylcholine receptor associated with thymus abnormalities. Thymectomy has been proven to be an efficacious treatment for patients with MG, but postoperative myasthenic crisis often occurs and is a major[…][]

  • Botulism

    Pediatr Emerg Care. 2014 Feb;30(2):120-4; quiz 125-7. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000079. Author information 1 Resident Physician (Pifko), Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellow (Price), Pediatric Emergency Medicine Attending Physician (Sterner), Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC. Abstract Infant botulism[…][]

  • Sleep Apnea

    Some common reasons include: a deviated nasal septum, nasal congestion, narrow airway passages, enlarged tonsils , weak pharyngeal muscles, lowered vocal tone (may be related[] Therefore, even if a major weakness is not present, the mechanical disadvantage imposed by muscle shortening or by displacement of the muscle insertion on the pharyngeal wall[] muscles, soft palate, and tongue), neuromuscular diseases (such as stroke , leading to weak airway muscles), upper respiratory infections (leading to narrow and swollen nasal[]

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