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226 Possible Causes for Pleural Adhesions

  • Pulmonary Infarction

    We present a case of lung metastasis manifesting as lung infarction by mucin and tumor embolization. The radiograph and high-resolution CT showed multiple focal consolidations with ground glass attenuation in subpleural areas of both lungs. Diagnosis was made by open lung biopsy, which revealed pulmonary infarction[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Rib Fracture

    A rib fracture is a break in a rib bone. This typically results in chest pain that is worse with breathing in. Bruising may occur at the site of the break. When several ribs are broken in several places a flail chest results. Potential complications include a pneumothorax, pulmonary contusion, and pneumonia.Rib[…][en.wikipedia.org]

  • Empyema

    Rabbit EMP was characterized by the development of pleural adhesions detectable by chest ultrasonography and fibrinous coating of the pleura.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Low CO2 insuffulation pressures (e.g. 4 mm Hg) initially aids both in slow disruption of pleural adhesions and lung collapse.[ipeg.org] The purulent exudate is often thick and may become located with fibrinous strands and adhesions, and sometimes as associated rind covering the pleural surfaces.[lifeinthefastlane.com]

  • Viral Pleurisy

    People with pleural adhesions have: Recurrence of frequent pleuritis, Chronic pain, Short of breath.[hickeysolution.com] Mesothelial cells recognise invasion of the pleural space and initiate recruitment of cells through co-ordinated expression of cytokines, chemokines, and vascular adhesion[bestpractice.bmj.com] Mesothelial cells recognize invasion of the pleural space and initiate recruitment of cells through coordinated expression of cytokines, chemokines, and vascular adhesion[online.epocrates.com]

  • Pleural Fibrosis

    […] to be associated with the presence and extent of pleural adhesions.[journals.lww.com] Understanding the biology of these growth factors may allow therapeutic manipulation of these cytokines to create pleurodesis or to inhibit pleural (and peritoneal) adhesion[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Macroscopically, all had extensive visceral pleural fibrosis and extensive areas of adhesions, and four also had discrete parietal pleural plaques.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Tuberculosis

    Nocardiosis is an opportunistic infection in a patient with underlying immune suppression and organ transplant. Clinical syndromes are varied and ranges from pulmonary, disseminated, cutaneous along with central nervous system involvement. Herein, we report a rare case of disseminated pulmonary nocardiosis with[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pleurectomy

    In one patient, initial VATS pleurectomy for SSP was abandoned in favour of open pleurectomy because of poor visualisation caused by pleural adhesions.[academic.oup.com] Prior surgery for pneumothorax is not a contraindication to use of a thoracoscopic approach, as pleural adhesions are relatively few in these patients.[ctsnet.org] In patients with diffuse bullous lung disease associated with SSP, technical difficulties were posed by the presence of patchy pleural adhesions (a sequel of prolonged intercostals[academic.oup.com]

  • Silicosis

    First hospitalization chest radiography showed bilateral pleural adhesions, diffuse lung fibrosis with signs of a specific lung process.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pleural Tuberculosis

    Compared with control, corticosteroids may reduce the risk of having pleural changes (such as pleural thickening or pleural adhesions), on chest X-ray at the end of follow-up[cochrane.org] […] infection in tuberculosis is usually characterized by an effusion in early stages, or by diffuse pleural thickening and adhesions often with calcification in long standing[lungindia.com] VATS is a favourable method in terms of removal of pleural adhesions, performing a partial decortication, the removal of the pouch, ensuring the lung expansion, minimal morbidity[alliedacademies.org]

  • Asbestosis

    Macroscopically, all had extensive visceral pleural fibrosis and extensive areas of adhesions, and four also had discrete parietal pleural plaques.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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