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187 Possible Causes for Pleural Adhesions

  • Pneumonia

    […] space, causing a rub heard by auscultation, and it may lead to resolution or to organization and pleural adhesions" (Atkuri & King, 2006; Steyl, 2007) Causes There are many[] Phagocytosis of the bacteria-laden leucocytes occurs "Consolidation tissue re-aerates and the fluid infiltrate causes sputum" "Fibrinous inflammation may extend to and across the pleural[]

  • Silicosis

    First hospitalization chest radiography showed bilateral pleural adhesions, diffuse lung fibrosis with signs of a specific lung process.[]

  • Empyema

    Rabbit EMP was characterized by the development of pleural adhesions detectable by chest ultrasonography and fibrinous coating of the pleura.[] Low CO2 insuffulation pressures (e.g. 4 mm Hg) initially aids both in slow disruption of pleural adhesions and lung collapse.[] The purulent exudate is often thick and may become located with fibrinous strands and adhesions, and sometimes as associated rind covering the pleural surfaces.[]

  • Pleural Fibrosis

    Understanding the biology of these growth factors may allow therapeutic manipulation of these cytokines to create pleurodesis or to inhibit pleural (and peritoneal) adhesion[] Macroscopically, all had extensive visceral pleural fibrosis and extensive areas of adhesions, and four also had discrete parietal pleural plaques.[] One limitation of medical thoracoscopy is the limited visualisation of the pleural cavity in patients with significant pleural adhesions.[]

  • Pleural Tuberculosis

    Compared with control , corticosteroids may reduce the risk of having pleural changes (such as pleural thickening or pleural adhesions), on chest X-ray at the end of follow-up[] […] infection in tuberculosis is usually characterized by an effusion in early stages, or by diffuse pleural thickening and adhesions often with calcification in long standing[] adhesions.[]

  • Pleurectomy

    In one patient, initial VATS pleurectomy for SSP was abandoned in favour of open pleurectomy because of poor visualisation caused by pleural adhesions.[] Prior surgery for pneumothorax is not a contraindication to use of a thoracoscopic approach, as pleural adhesions are relatively few in these patients.[] In patients with diffuse bullous lung disease associated with SSP, technical difficulties were posed by the presence of patchy pleural adhesions (a sequel of prolonged intercostals[]

  • Diffuse Pulmonary Lymphangiomatosis

    Lungs were congested, edematous, of increased consistence, with bilateral pleural adhesions, pleural fibrinous reaction at the base of the lungs ( Figures 3C and 3D ) and[] […] fibrinous reaction, often present in the early stages, may similarly resolve, however more often it undergoes organization leaving fibrous thickening and permanent adhesions[] […] airspaces Grossly, the affected lobe is more crepitant Microscopically, granular, semifluid debris may be ingested by macrophages or organized by fibroblasts growing into it Pleural[]

  • Viral Pleurisy

    People with pleural adhesions have: Recurrence of frequent pleuritis, Chronic pain, Short of breath.[] Mesothelial cells recognise invasion of the pleural space and initiate recruitment of cells through co-ordinated expression of cytokines, chemokines, and vascular adhesion[] See also acute pleurisy , adhesive pleurisy , pleural effusion , pleurodynia , pulmonary edema . pleuritic, adj. pleuritis Pleural inflammation.[]

  • Thymectomy

    In first patient, it was due to pleural adhesions preventing lung collapse during OLV and required constant retraction from an extra port.[] When one lung ventilation (OLV) was started, the right lung failed to collapse completely, due to pleural adhesions from childhood tuberculosis.[]

  • Pulmonary Cavitary Tuberculosis

    Pleural adhesions impeding proper collapse were divided by VATS in 45 cases. Both AP and PP were applied in 119 patients.[] A tear of such pleural symphysis into subcutaneous tissue may produce emphysema giving rise to a typical crepitus. [5] Local airway obstruction and distal airway trapping[] […] insertion. [5] Spontaneous pneumomediastinum in tuberculosis has been noted in miliary as well as non-miliary and the cavitary forms of pulmonary lesions. [4] , [6] , [7] Adhesions[]

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