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10 Possible Causes for Pleural Rub, Pulsus Paradoxus, Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

  • Bronchial Adenocarcinoma

    Growing tumors may place pressure on the superior vena cava, resulting in its obstruction and symptoms of superior vena cava syndrome.[] .: Searching for pulsus paradoxus and correlates in cardiac tamponade. Int. J. Cardiol ., 145, 127-1288, 2010. 13. Theologides A.: Neoplastic cardiac tamponade.[] vena cava syndrome ( SVC syndrome ): Compression of the superior vena cava impairs the venous backflow to the right atrium, resulting in venous congestion in the head, neck[]

  • Pulmonary Tuberculosis

    Pericardial : initially nonspecific; may be signs of pericardial effusion (pulsus paradoxus, elevated JVP) or constrictive pericarditis.[]

  • Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis

    The fully expressed syndrome consists of pleuritic chest pain, fever, leukocytosis, and a pericardial friction rub.[] This situation, termed “pulsus paradoxus,” is the classic hallmark of cardiac tamponade.[] This is the sound of the pericardium rubbing against the outer layer of your heart.[]

  • Pericardial Friction Rub

    , Esophageal varices, Varicocele, Gastric varices, Caput medusae ) - Superior vena cava syndrome - Lymph ( Lymphadenitis, Lymphedema, Lymphangitis ) Other Hypotension ( Orthostatic[] Pleural rub creates pain mostly on the lateral part of the chest wall, whereas pain due to pericardial rub is always central in location.[] Physical Examination Appearance Restlessness Irritability Weakness Pallor Vital signs HR: increased Temp: normal to increased RR: increased Cardiovascular Friction rub Pulsus[]

  • Mediastinopericarditis

    Lesions in the middle mediastinum may compress blood vessels or airways, causing the superior vena cava syndrome or airway obstruction.[] (Kussmaul, 1873/2006) Pulsus Paradoxus: Modern Definition : The modern definition of pulsus paradoxus is the greater than 10 mm Hg inspiratory decline in systolic arterial[] The fully expressed syndrome consists of pleuritic chest pain, fever, leukocytosis, and a pericardial friction rub.[]

  • Pulmonary Consolidation

    Evidence of superior vena cava obstruction (may be caused by lung cancer).[] A pleural rub may be present. A lower PAO2 than calculated in the alveolar gas equation Typically, an area of white lung is seen on a standard X-ray.[] Pleural rub can be elicited on keeping the stethoscope over the thorax.[]

  • Constrictive Pericarditis

    , Esophageal varices , Varicocele , Gastric varices , Caput medusae ) - Superior vena cava syndrome - Lymph ( Lymphadenitis , Lymphedema , Lymphangitis ) Other Hypotension[] The fully expressed syndrome consists of pleuritic chest pain, fever, leukocytosis, and a pericardial friction rub.[] Examination revealed elevated neck veins, pulsus paradoxus, muffled heart sounds, decreased breath sounds and pedal oedema.[]

  • Pericardial Neoplasm

    Primary cardiac lymphoma in a 75-year-old woman with progressive dyspnea, superior vena cava syndrome, and atrial fibrillation.[] Cardiac tamponade is diagnosed on the basis of clinical (engorged jugular veins, pulsus paradoxus) and echocardiographic (right atrial wall collapse, dilated vena cava) findings[] rub) Unlikely to be heard if Pericardial Effusion present Distant heart sounds Tamponade signs Kussmaul's Sign Pulsus paradoxicus Jugular Venous Distention Associated Myocarditis[]

  • Chest Wall Disorder

    vena cava syndrome 22 23.[] A large pneumothorax or a tension pneumothorax can cause pulsus paradoxus. A tremor may indicate carbon dioxide retention. Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy.[] Sometimes a doctor can hear the pleural membranes rubbing together using a stethoscope. This sound is known as pleural friction rub.[]

  • Hepatosplenic Amyloidosis

    The mass may cause breathing problems or superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome, a collection of symptoms caused by the partial blockage or compression of the superior vena cava[] Paradoxus C0232118 Pulsus Bisferiens C0232120 Pulsus Alternans C0232121 Pericardial Friction Rub C0232267 Ekg Right Axis Deviation C0232296 Ekg Left Axis Deviation C0232297[] Friction Rub C0032230 ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA C0032290 PNEUMOCOCCAL PNEUMONIA C0032300 MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIA C0032302 PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA C0032305 STAPHYLOCOCCAL PNEUMONIA[]