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10 Possible Causes for Pleural Rub, Pulsus Paradoxus, Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

  • Bronchial Adenocarcinoma

    Growing tumors may place pressure on the superior vena cava, resulting in its obstruction and symptoms of superior vena cava syndrome.[pathwaymedicine.org] .: Searching for pulsus paradoxus and correlates in cardiac tamponade. Int. J. Cardiol ., 145, 127-1288, 2010. 13. Theologides A.: Neoplastic cardiac tamponade.[degruyter.com] vena cava syndrome ( SVC syndrome ): Compression of the superior vena cava impairs the venous backflow to the right atrium, resulting in venous congestion in the head, neck[amboss.com]

  • Pulmonary Tuberculosis

    Pericardial : initially nonspecific; may be signs of pericardial effusion (pulsus paradoxus, elevated JVP) or constrictive pericarditis.[patient.info]

  • Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis

    The fully expressed syndrome consists of pleuritic chest pain, fever, leukocytosis, and a pericardial friction rub.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] This situation, termed “pulsus paradoxus,” is the classic hallmark of cardiac tamponade.[aafp.org] This is the sound of the pericardium rubbing against the outer layer of your heart.[cedars-sinai.org]

  • Pericardial Friction Rub

    , Esophageal varices, Varicocele, Gastric varices, Caput medusae ) - Superior vena cava syndrome - Lymph ( Lymphadenitis, Lymphedema, Lymphangitis ) Other Hypotension ( Orthostatic[wikidoc.org] Pleural rub creates pain mostly on the lateral part of the chest wall, whereas pain due to pericardial rub is always central in location.[en.wikipedia.org] Physical Examination Appearance Restlessness Irritability Weakness Pallor Vital signs HR: increased Temp: normal to increased RR: increased Cardiovascular Friction rub Pulsus[nursingcrib.com]

  • Mediastinopericarditis

    Lesions in the middle mediastinum may compress blood vessels or airways, causing the superior vena cava syndrome or airway obstruction.[merckmanuals.com] (Kussmaul, 1873/2006) Pulsus Paradoxus: Modern Definition : The modern definition of pulsus paradoxus is the greater than 10 mm Hg inspiratory decline in systolic arterial[priory.com] The fully expressed syndrome consists of pleuritic chest pain, fever, leukocytosis, and a pericardial friction rub.[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Pulmonary Consolidation

    Evidence of superior vena cava obstruction (may be caused by lung cancer).[patient.info] A pleural rub may be present. A lower PAO2 than calculated in the alveolar gas equation Typically, an area of white lung is seen on a standard X-ray.[en.wikipedia.org] Pleural rub can be elicited on keeping the stethoscope over the thorax.[tandurust.com]

  • Constrictive Pericarditis

    , Esophageal varices , Varicocele , Gastric varices , Caput medusae ) - Superior vena cava syndrome - Lymph ( Lymphadenitis , Lymphedema , Lymphangitis ) Other Hypotension[wikidoc.org] The fully expressed syndrome consists of pleuritic chest pain, fever, leukocytosis, and a pericardial friction rub.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Examination revealed elevated neck veins, pulsus paradoxus, muffled heart sounds, decreased breath sounds and pedal oedema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pericardial Neoplasm

    Primary cardiac lymphoma in a 75-year-old woman with progressive dyspnea, superior vena cava syndrome, and atrial fibrillation.[pubs.rsna.org] Cardiac tamponade is diagnosed on the basis of clinical (engorged jugular veins, pulsus paradoxus) and echocardiographic (right atrial wall collapse, dilated vena cava) findings[moh-it.pure.elsevier.com] rub) Unlikely to be heard if Pericardial Effusion present Distant heart sounds Tamponade signs Kussmaul's Sign Pulsus paradoxicus Jugular Venous Distention Associated Myocarditis[fpnotebook.com]

  • Chest Wall Disorder

    vena cava syndrome 22 23.[slideshare.net] A large pneumothorax or a tension pneumothorax can cause pulsus paradoxus. A tremor may indicate carbon dioxide retention. Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy.[patient.info] Sometimes a doctor can hear the pleural membranes rubbing together using a stethoscope. This sound is known as pleural friction rub.[medicalnewstoday.com]

  • Hepatosplenic Amyloidosis

    The mass may cause breathing problems or superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome, a collection of symptoms caused by the partial blockage or compression of the superior vena cava[cancer.net] Paradoxus C0232118 Pulsus Bisferiens C0232120 Pulsus Alternans C0232121 Pericardial Friction Rub C0232267 Ekg Right Axis Deviation C0232296 Ekg Left Axis Deviation C0232297[medical-language-international.com] Friction Rub C0032230 ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA C0032290 PNEUMOCOCCAL PNEUMONIA C0032300 MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIA C0032302 PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA C0032305 STAPHYLOCOCCAL PNEUMONIA[medical-language-international.com]