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78 Possible Causes for Pneumonia due to Immunodeficiency

  • Pharyngitis

    Pharyngitis due to viruses is often associated with respiratory symptoms such as rhinorrhea, nasal congestion and cough.[antimicrobe.org] Viruses that cause pharyngitis include Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), adenovirus, enterovirus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), cytomegalovirus ([antimicrobe.org] (or Group A streptococcus), as well as, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Arcanobacterium haemolyticum, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Group C and Group G streptococci and Mycoplasma pneumoniae[antimicrobe.org]

  • Influenza

    Excess mortality due to pneumonia or influenza during influenza seasons among persons with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Arch Intern Med 2001;161:441--6.[cdc.gov]

  • Pneumonia

    The most common clinical presentation of R. equi infections is a chronic cavitary pneumonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Due to its acid-fastness, R. equi can be mistaken for others acid-fast organisms, as Mycobacterium tuberculosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] R. equi infections are rare opportunistic illnesses in patients with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), associated with a high mortality rate.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Streptococcus Pneumoniae

    Here we report a case of meningeal co-infection with cryptococcus neoformans and streptococcus pneumoniae in a patient with unknown human immunodeficiency virus status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mixed meningeal infections due to bacteria and fungi are exceptionally rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Atypical Pneumonia

    Pneumonia due to Chlamydia pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila or Mycoplasma pneumoniae seems to be rare in Danish human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients, but might[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] By culture and staining methods 106 other microorganisms were detected with P. carinii and Streptococcus pneumoniae as the most frequently occurring.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pneumococcal Pneumonia

    KEYWORDS: diagnosis; human immunodeficiency virus; pneumococcal pneumonia; serotyping; urinary antigen[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] to primary lung cancer, another cancer that was metastatic to the lungs, postobstructive pneumonia (not including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), the acquired immunodeficiency[nejm.org] Prior to PCV introduction, at least 53% of pneumonia cases were due to pneumococci in HIV-infected South African adults.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gram-Negative Septicaemia

    We believe that the fatal outcome of this case was due to the patient's severe underlying clinical condition, immunodeficiency, and the continuation of inappropriate antibiotic[scielo.br] […] therapy, which had been initiated to treat the original diagnosis of lobar pneumonia that was assumed to be caused by pneumococci or possibly by Mycoplasma.[scielo.br]

  • Meningitis

    Strikingly, with the exception of one case due to Streptococcus bovis , all other episodes were due to S. pneumoniae (Table 2 ). TABLE 2.[doi.org] Strikingly, with the exception of one case due to Streptococcus bovis, all other episodes were due to S. pneumoniae (Table 2 ). TABLE 2.[dx.doi.org] Immunodeficiencies associated with recurrent bacterial meningitis a Acquired Anatomical Defects Head injuries.[doi.org]

  • Bacterial Pneumonia

    Life-threatening bacterial pneumonia may be a feature of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, possibly due to B cell abnormalities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pneumothorax

    Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) with PCP infection Necrotizing pneumonia Sarcoidosis Bronchogenic carcinoma or metastatic malignancy[emedicine.medscape.com] […] conditions associated with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax include the following: Chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) or emphysema - Increased pulmonary pressure due[emedicine.medscape.com]

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