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189 Possible Causes for Polycythemia, Prominent A-Wave

  • Pulmonary Emphysema

    The most typical ECG findings in emphysema are: Rightward shift of the P wave axis with prominent P waves in the inferior leads and flattened or inverted P waves in leads[lifeinthefastlane.com] This V/Q mismatch results in rapid circulation in a poorly ventilated lung, leading to hypoxemia and polycythemia.[emedicine.com] […] right-sided heart failure) Heart failure Pneumonia and other lung infections Pneumothorax (collection of air within the membrane that surrounds the lungs [pleural space]) Polycythemia[healthcommunities.com]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Distended neck veins with raised and/or prominent JVP and visible a or v waves. 3rd/4th heart sounds and pansystolic murmur of tricuspid regurgitation over right heart.[patient.info] […] conditions that lead to an increased cardiac demand ( high-output state) Anemia Systemic arteriovenous fistulas Sepsis Hyperthyroidism Multiple myeloma Glomerulonephritis Polycythemia[amboss.com] In patients with considerable tricuspid regurgitation, a prominent systolic pulsation of the liver, attributable to an enlarged right atrial V wave, is often noted.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Eisenmenger Syndrome

    ECG of Eisenmenger syndrome Usually there is right ventricular hypertrophy with prominent P waves.[remedyland.com] Chronic hypoxia caused by Eisenmenger syndrome may result in polycythemia with resultant hyperviscosity and bilateral central retinal vein occlusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Elevated jugular venous pressure and prominent "v" wave in right heart failure and severe tricuspid regurgitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    What is it? Patent ductus arteriosus (pronounced pay-tent duck-tus are-teer-e-o-sus) happens when a blood vessel fails to close after a baby is born. The ductus arteriosus is the temporary blood vessel that allows blood to bypass a baby's lungs before it is born. It is a blood vessel that joins the pulmonary[…][web.archive.org]

  • Large Ventricular Septal Defect

    In addition, neonates have a relative polycythemia. The elevated pulmonary resistance usually declines to adult levels by 6-8 weeks.[emedicine.medscape.com] Over time, hypoxia can result in clubbing of the fingers and the proliferation of red blood cells (polycythemia).[rarediseases.org] Red blood cell (RBC) reduction by means of partial-exchange transfusion may relieve symptoms associated with extreme polycythemia (eg, headache, extreme fatigue).[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Recurrent Pulmonary Embolism

    On physical examination, findings of right ventricular dysfunction include bulging neck veins with prominent v waves, a left parasternal lift, an accentuated pulmonic component[tmj.ro] For example, elevations in the hematocrit or platelet count, especially if splenomegaly is present, can suggest a myeloproliferative disorder 1, 5 ; polycythemia or thrombocytosis[aafp.org] […] with Venous Thromboembolism Test Finding Associated condition Complete blood count Increased hematocrit or platelet count, plus splenomegaly Myeloproliferative disorder Polycythemia[aafp.org]

  • Congenital Heart Disease

    A and V waves Diffuse, displaced left ventricular impulse; palpable RV impulse Increased first heart sound; persistent splitting of second heart sound Systolic ejection-type[doi.org] ., polycythemia, methemoglobinemia) To distinguish central cyanosis from peripheral cyanosis, look for bluish discoloration inside the mouth – tongue, mucous membranes and[emergencymedicinecases.com] Clinical Signs and Symptoms Observed in Normal Pregnancy Hyperventilation causing shortness of breath and dyspnea Brisk, full carotid upstroke with distended jugular veins with prominent[doi.org]

  • Corrected Transposition of the Great Vessels

    ECG absence of Q waves in the lateral precordium (V4-6) physiologic Q waves in these leads often referred to as "septal" Q waves prominent Q waves in right precordium (V1-[radiopaedia.org] Poor prognostic indicators include cyanosis, polycythemia, pulmonary vascular obstructive disease, tricuspid regurgitation, younger age at surgery, larger preoperative shunt[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Pulmonary Disorder

    The most typical ECG findings in emphysema are: Rightward shift of the P wave axis with prominent P waves in the inferior leads and flattened or inverted P waves in leads[lifeinthefastlane.com] Causes of pulmonary embolism include prolonged immobilization, medications, smoking, genetic predisposition, an increased number of red blood cells (polycythemia), cancer,[chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease.imedpub.com] This V/Q mismatch results in rapid circulation in a poorly ventilated lung, leading to hypoxemia and polycythemia.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Tetralogy of Fallot

    Additionally, right atrial enlargement is manifested by prominent P waves in V1 (*). Right ventricular hypertrophy is demonstrated by a rightward deviated axis.[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu] Chronic hypoxemia-induced secondary polycythemia and the consequent increase in blood hyperviscosity predisposed this patient to PE.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These may include mild anemia in infants, abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells (polycythemia) in older children, and blood clotting (coagulation) defects.[rarediseases.org]

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