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793 Possible Causes for Polyhydramnios, Small Head

  • Hypophosphatasia

    Review of pregnancy history may reveal polyhydramnios . Skeletal manifestations of the severe cases vary widely among patients.[emedicine.medscape.com] head circumference at the time of presentation (p 0.042), a low arm span to height ratio (p 0.048), and a low serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level (p 0.042) seemed to be[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The second trimester scan was performed at 19 weeks (according to her last menstrual period) and revealed a single live intrauterine fetus with unstable lie and mild polyhydramnios[e-ultrasonography.org]

  • Congenital Toxoplasmosis

    […] abnormalities on ultrasonography including ventriculomegaly, periventricular calcifications, cardiomegaly, hepatosplenomegaly with intrahepatic hyperechogenicities, and polyhydramnios[degruyter.com] Early signs of TOXO include: Fever Feeding difficulties An unusually large or small head Vision problems Hearing loss Difficulty feeding Swollen lymph nodes Yellowing of the[babysfirsttest.org] […] ventriculomegaly with areas of hyperechogenicities in the periventricular region ( Figure 1 ), cardiomegaly, hepatosplenomegaly with intrahepatic hyperechogenicites ( Figure 2 ), and polyhydramnios[degruyter.com]

  • Stillbirth

    […] during pregnancy or labour Placental insufficiency Placental abruption Pre-eclampsia Obstetric complications Spontaneous premature labour Premature rupture of membranes Polyhydramnios[patient.info] heads.[reuters.com] […] associated with the rapidly spreading Zika virus have been almost entirely confined to Brazil and linked to microcephaly, a condition in which babies are born with abnormally small[reuters.com]

  • Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome

    Prenatal presentations varied with hypoechoic cystic mass with limb asymmetry, 95.23% (20/21); polyhydramnios, 38.09% (8/21); cardiomegaly, 19.04% (4/21); thick placenta,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ), or microcephaly (a small head ).[rxlist.com] Possible additional features include 11,16 : fetal hydrops cardiac failure polyhydramnios Differentials for intrauterine imaging findings may include 11 : Beckwith-Wiedemann[radiopaedia.org]

  • Amniotic Band

    Amniotic septostomy for the treatment of twin oligohydramnios-polyhydramnios sequence . Fetal Diagn Ther 1998; 13 : 86–93. 9. Adegbite AL , Ward SB , Bajoria R .[nature.com] Fetal fragments showed a very small head, bilateral anophthalmy, absence of nasal structures and calvarium, intact cranial skin and a very small cranial cavity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The individual strands are small and often hard to see on an ultrasound .[ucsfbenioffchildrens.org]

  • Velocardiofacial Syndrome

    22q11.2 Feature Frequency Developmental delay 90% Congenital heart disease 76% Palatal defects 76% Immunodeficiency 77% Hypocalcemia 49% Renal anomalies 36% Dysphagia 35% Polyhydramnios[clinicaladvisor.com] Distinct physical features sometimes associated with the syndrome include loss of muscle tone (hypotonia), small slender stature, tapered hands and fingers, small head circumference[rarediseases.org] Renal anomalies, polyhydramnios, and single umbilical artery as prenatal clues to the diagnosis of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Microphthalmia Type Lenz

    Polyhydramnios and intake of drugs or known exposure to potential teratogens were not documented.[questia.com] Other physical abnormalities associated with this disorder can include an unusually small head ( microcephaly ), and malformations of the teeth, ears, fingers or toes, skeleton[en.wikipedia.org] These usually include an abnormally small head (microcephaly) and malformations of the ears and teeth.[rarediseases.org]

  • Familial Porencephaly

    Polyhydramnios. The earliest reported diagnosis was made at 12 weeks of gestation (4).[fetalultrasound.com] Schizencephaly may also be associated to an abnormally small head, mental retardation, partial or complete paralysis, or poor muscle tone.[amplexa.com] Other signs and symptoms may include microcephaly (abnormally small head), intellectual disability, partial or complete paralysis, muscle spasticity , and muscular hypotonia[xpertdox.com]

  • Ring Chromosome 13

    […] growth delay, peculiar conformation of skull and face, thoracic deformity, anomalies of the abdominal wall and intellectual disabilities; pregnancy is often complicated by polyhydramnios[ring14.org] She was born after a full term pregnancy, small for date and with a small head circumference.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] head size, abnormal formation or positioning of the feet and/or toes, and/or abnormalities of the palate (roof off the mouth).[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Lissencephaly

    Pregnancy was complicated by polyhydramnios. Computed tomographic scan of the brain at age one month showed a total absence of gyral formation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] head (microcephaly).[ninds.nih.gov] , intractable seizures, and cognitive abnormalities. mTOR overactivation has also been demonstrated in Neurofibromatosis 1, Sturge-Weber syndrome, Cowden syndrome, PMSE (Polyhydramnios[neuropathology-web.org]

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