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32 Possible Causes for Possibly Dystonia Only

  • Ataxia Telangiectasia

    Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a multisystem disease caused by a genetic defect located on the long arm of chromosome 11 (11p22-23). The gene defect results in the loss of A-T-mutated protein, subsequently leading to unrepaired DNA fractures and defects in the signal transduction pathway. As a result,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dysautonomia

    Two dysautonomic patients developed “locked in” syndrome 20 on the basis of severe generalised dystonias, when communication only became possible due to voluntary control[jnnp.bmj.com] In phase three the paroxysmal episodes have burnt out, leaving dystonia and spasticity of varying severity.[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Laryngeal Disease

    only symptomatology is available for diagnosis.[jneurosci.org] Only a very small proportion, generally Xiao et al., 2010 ), and fewer still report having another family member with SD.[jneurosci.org] Research on possible basic mechanisms is clearly needed, and additional postmortem tissue amenable to proteomic analysis is a necessary first step.[jneurosci.org]

  • Laryngeal Contact Ulcer

    Spasmodic Dysphonia Classified as a focal dystonia Movement disorder caused by forceful, inappropriate contraction of muscle groups Result of disrupted function, possibly[ucs.louisiana.edu] […] in basal ganglia Two primary types Adductor spasmodic dysphonia Abductor spasmodic dysphonia Symptoms only appear during speaking; not present during vegetative functions[ucs.louisiana.edu]

  • Psychogenic Movement Disorders

    Long multidisciplinary approach is compulsory in psychogenic dystonia to avoid relapses and to all the best possible prognosis [12]. 5.[file.scirp.org] Our patients received psychological assessments, treatment with complete recovery and only one patient had relapse (case 5).[file.scirp.org]

  • Meige Syndrome

    It is not possible to make clinical distinction for most cases and history of neuroleptic use is considered the only criterion [ 5 ].[alliedacademies.org] Also, it is mainly confused with entity tardive dystonia in differential diagnosis.[alliedacademies.org] Tardive dystonia can also arise from increasing of plasma concentrations of antipsychotics due to combined drug use [ 6 ].[alliedacademies.org]

  • Drug-induced Dystonia

    Researchers have found that torsion dystonia is possibly inherited, caused by a mutation in the gene DYT1.[webmd.com] Writer's cramp is a type of dystonia that only occurs while writing. It affects the hand and/or forearm muscles. Continued How Is Dystonia Treated?[webmd.com]

  • Alcoholic Cerebellar Degeneration

    Symptoms include ataxia, parkinsonism, and possibly dystonia, facial twitching, ophthalmoplegia, and peculiar bulging eyes.[merckmanuals.com] Some SCAs usually cause only cerebellar ataxia. SCA type 3, formerly known as Machado-Joseph disease, may be the most common dominantly inherited SCA worldwide.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    Isolated dystonias In isolated forms of dystonia, dystonia is the only disease manifestation with the possible exception of tremor.[docslide.net] The former group is then further categorized as dystonia with parkinsonism or dystonia with myoclonus (Fig. 2). 3.[docslide.net] Currently, three genes are known to cause isolated dystonia. 3.1.[docslide.net]

  • Hereditary Cerebellar Degeneration

    Symptoms include ataxia, parkinsonism, and possibly dystonia, facial twitching, ophthalmoplegia, and peculiar bulging eyes.[msdmanuals.com] Some SCAs usually cause only cerebellar ataxia. SCA type 3, formerly known as Machado-Joseph disease, may be the most common dominantly inherited SCA worldwide.[msdmanuals.com]

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