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27 Possible Causes for Possibly Generalization of Dystonia

  • Muscle Spasm

    There are many reasons why muscle spasms may not respond to treatment of which one possible explanation is that they are caused by a dystonia.[dystonia.org.uk] This is understandable, as muscle spasms have a wide range of causes and no General Practitioner (GP) can know all of them.[dystonia.org.uk]

  • Laryngeal Disease

    […] form of dystonia ( Xiao et al., 2010 ).[jneurosci.org] Only a very small proportion, generally Xiao et al., 2010 ), and fewer still report having another family member with SD.[jneurosci.org] Possibly, a variety of mutations in THAP1 may play a role in the development of cervicocranial dystonias including SD ( Ozelius and Bressman, 2010 ).[jneurosci.org]

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Generalized dystonia with predominance of oromandibular involvement, behavioural changes followed by dementia and retinal degeneration were present in all the patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , but an MRI can still be considered the “gold standard” in diagnosing early-onset PKAN. 1 The differential diagnosis for progressive dystonia in children includes idiopathic[cmaj.ca] Generalized dystonia with pre dominance of oromandibular involvement, behavioural changes followed by dementia and retinal degeneration were present in all the patients.[doi.org]

  • Huntington's Disease

    […] of dystonia; coordination exercises; teach strategies to help people with HD identify when fatigue would increase their risk of falls [58,59] Balance training to practice[doi.org] Reduce fear of falling which in itself may cause inactivity Impairment exercises: strengthening; general conditioning; endurance; range of motion activity to counteract effects[doi.org] […] independence; increase speed; increase distance walked) Reduce risk of falls or actual falls ‡ Maintain independent mobility including transfers and walking for as long as possible[doi.org]

  • Facial Spasm

    These are distinguished from hemifacial spasm by the distribution of abnormal movements (more generalized, possibly bilateral) and possibly by electrodiagnostic evaluation[emedicine.medscape.com] Oromandibular dystonia Oromandibular dystonia refers to dystonia affecting the lower facial musculature, predominantly the jaw, pharynx, and tongue.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Drug-induced Dystonia

    Whenever possible, dystonia patients should avoid the following agents, except at the recommendation of a physician knowledgeable in the treatment of dystonia.[lifeinpain.org] Researchers have found that torsion dystonia is possibly inherited, caused by a mutation in the gene DYT1.[webmd.com] GENERIC NAME TRADE NAME CLASSIFICATION alprazolam Xanax Antianxiety agent amitriptyline Elavil, Endep antidepressant amoxapine Asendin antidepressant benzquinamide Emete-Con[lifeinpain.org]

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    A possible explanation could be overcompensation to the deficit generating a lack of inhibition leading to dystonia 32.[docplayer.net] Isolated dystonias In isolated forms of dystonia, dystonia is the only disease manifestation with the possible exception of tremor.[docslide.net] Although controversial, peripheral neuro-musculoskeletal injury appears also to be a risk factor for task specific dystonias.[docplayer.net]

  • Occupational Cramps

    It’s possible for writer's cramp to be inherited, usually with early onset generalized dystonia, which is associated with the DYT1 gene.[healthline.com] Dystonic writer’s cramp is less common than simple writer’s cramp and may occur as part of generalized dystonia that affects several parts of the body.[healthline.com]

  • Spasmodic Torticollis

    Segregation ratios were not significantly different from those ratios observed in generalized or segmental dystonia in the United Kingdom, and it is possible that a single[doi.org] The results of segregation analysis suggested the presence of an autosomal dominant gene or genes with reduced penetrance as a common cause for focal dystonia.[doi.org]

  • Oromandibular Dystonia

    […] painful, jaw movements [3,4]. 40] The effects of botulinum toxin in oromandibular dystonia are seen in 24 to 72 hours and generally last 10 weeks to 4 months.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Researchers have found that torsion dystonia is possibly inherited, caused by a mutation in the gene DYT1.[webmd.com] […] syndrome are often used to describe a focal or segmental dystonia whereby repetitive sustained spasms of the masticatory, facial, or lingual muscles result in involuntary, and possibly[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

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