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2,175 Possible Causes for Postretinal Blindness, Shy Drager Syndrome, Vitiligo

  • Pernicious Anemia

    The case presented here is a woman who had a restoration of fertility after initiation of vitamin B12 treatment for vitiligo-associated pernicious anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Vitiligo is an acquired disease characterized by depigmentation of the skin due to destruction of melanocytes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A patient with a 46-year history of vitiligo who also presented rheumatoid arthritis and pernicious anemia is described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Postretinal Blindness
  • Addison's Disease

    Patient with Addison’s disease on a background of vitiligo (face). Figure 2. Patient with Addison’s disease on a background of vitiligo (hands).[bjgp.org] These include: Vitiligo The skin condition vitiligo can also appear simultaneously with idiopathic autoimmune Addison's disease.[news-medical.net] One such patient presented in Autumn 2013 (see Figures 1 and 2 demonstrating vitiligo of the face and hands).[bjgp.org]

    Missing: Postretinal Blindness
  • Acute Hepatic Porphyria

    Gut. 1994 Aug;35(8):1112-5. Author information 1 University Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Western Infirmary, Glasgow. Abstract Patients with acute hepatic porphyria are denied essential operations because of concern that general anaesthesia and surgery will precipitate a life threatening porphyric crisis.[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Postretinal Blindness
  • Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 2

    We communicate the case of a 61 year-old woman with vitiligo diagnosed with Addison’s disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (Schmidt’s syndrome).[new.medigraphic.com] Our proband is a 12-year-old boy with Addison disease, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), and vitiligo.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On the other hand, vitiligo may be noted. Vitiligo is considered a comorbidity and a possible marker of autoimmune processes, not a consequence of Addison's disease.[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Postretinal Blindness
  • Orthostatic Hypotension

    The skin and mucosae are inspected for signs of dehydration and for pigment changes suggestive of Addison disease (eg, hyperpigmented areas, vitiligo).[msdmanuals.com] On the contrary, the pandysautonomia and Shy-Drager syndrome patients exhibited a linear positive correlation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The skin may be dark, serum potassium high, and there may be associated hypothyroidism, diabetes, and vitiligo (Salvatori, 2005).[dizziness-and-balance.com]

    Missing: Postretinal Blindness
  • Anemia

    […] patients with Pernicious Anaemia will also have: Diabetes (Type 1) Graves’ Disease (Hyperthyroidism) Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis (Hypothyroidism) Multiple Sclerosis Psoriasis Vitiligo[pernicious-anaemia-society.org] […] risk for other autoimmune disorders, such as myasthenia gravis, Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome, type 1 diabetes mellitus, Hashimoto thyroiditis, hypogammaglobulinemia, vitiligo[web.archive.org]

    Missing: Postretinal Blindness
  • Uveomeningoencephalitic Syndrome

    Cytokines: the yin and yang of vitiligo pathogenesis.[bioportfolio.com] Sandhoff Disease Sarcoma, Ewing's Shwartzman Phenomenon Shy-Drager Syndrome Sjogren's Syndrome Sjogren-Larsson Syndrome Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome Spinal Muscular Atrophies[diet-and-health.net] Syndrome Sandhoff Disease Shwartzman Phenomenon Scheuermann's Disease Shy-Drager Syndrome Sjogren's Syndrome Tangier Disease Takayasu's Arteritis Thromboangiitis Obliterans[listof.org]

    Missing: Postretinal Blindness
  • Addisonian Crisis

    Is there any family or personal history of thyroid dysfunction, pernicious anaemia, vitiligo, Addison’s disease, alopecia, diabetes or coeliac disease?[endobible.com] There may be vitiligo and loss of body hair in women.[myvmc.com] Esse quadro pode vir associado a sintomas sugestivos de insuficiência adrenal crônica, como hiperpigmentação e avidez por sal, bem como a doenças autoimunes, como vitiligo[scielo.br]

    Missing: Postretinal Blindness
  • Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy

    Type 1 diabetes can happen along with other autoimmune diseases, like Graves’ disease or vitiligo.[webmd.com] […] atrophy with autonomic failure (Shy-Drager syndrome) Parkinson’s syndrome with autonomic failure Secondary causes of autonomic neuropathy include: Amyloidosis (abnormal protein[my.clevelandclinic.org] Position paper: Orthostatic hypotension, multiple system atrophy (the Shy Drager syndrome) and pure autonomic failure. J Auton Nerv Syst 58 : 123 –124, 1996 52.[care.diabetesjournals.org]

    Missing: Postretinal Blindness
  • Adrenal Insufficiency Secondary to Hypopituitarism

    Glucocorticoid deficient state Frequently associated with other autoimmune diseases: Vitiligo Type 1 diabetes Hashimoto's disease of the thyroid Pernicious anemia Celiac sprue[quizlet.com] Vitiligo. Keratoconjunctivitis. Chronic atopic dermatitis. Hypogonadism. Premature ovarian deficiency. Vitiligo. Chronic atrophic gastritis and vitamin B12 deficiency.[patient.info] Conditions associated with APS type 2 include: Addison’s disease Underactive or overactive thyroid function Delayed or slow sexual development Diabetes White skin patches (vitiligo[endocrineweb.com]

    Missing: Postretinal Blindness

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