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1,461 Possible Causes for Premature Infant, Tachycardia

  • Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    The symptoms usually appear shortly after birth and may include tachypnea, tachycardia, chest wall retractions (recession), expiratory grunting, nasal flaring and cyanosis[] The more premature the infant, the greater likelihood of RDS. RDS is due to insufficient surfactant in the lungs.[] A condition of the newborn marked by dyspnea with cyanosis, most frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers and infants delivered by cesarean[]

  • Listeriosis

    Under antibiotics (ampicillin and ciprofloxacin), the course was marked by respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation, coma, hypotension, tachycardia. and death[] Maternal infection with Listeria can result in chorioamnionitis, premature labor, spontaneous abortion, or stillbirth.[] Clinicians should be particularly suspicious for listeria infection if the patient develops evidence of chorioamnionitis (fever, uterine tenderness, fetal tachycardia) in[]

  • Necrotizing Enterocolitis

    We report a case of a 35 week preterm infant with recurrent episodes of supraventricular tachycardia who developed NEC in the second week of life.[] Although necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a frequently encountered entity in premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit, intussusception is extremely rare.[] Following an intravenous bolus of normal saline, her tachycardia resolves and she is placed on maintenance intravenous fluids at 150 cc/kg/day.[]

  • Sepsis Neonatorum

    Risk Factors: Early onset Sepsis Major Maternal prolonged Rupture of Membranes 18-24 hours Intrapartum maternal fever 38 C ( 100.4 F) Chorioamnionitis Sustained Fetal Tachycardia[] Skin and mucus membranes are broken down easily in the premature infant.[] […] decreased or lethargy Irritability Tremor, jitteriness or Seizure Hyporeflexia or hypotonia High pitched cry Swelling of Fontanel Cardiovascular Hypotension Metabolic Acidosis Tachycardia[]

  • Intestinal Perforation

    The condition can deteriorate rapidly to tachycardia, diaphoresis, dyspnea and shock.[] RESULTS: 130 premature infants were included, 30 infants with SIP, 35 infants with sNEC and 65 control infants.[] Nausea and vomiting, tachycardia, hypotension, fevers, chills, sweats, confusion, and decreased urinary output are common. Treatment Surgical treatment is necessary.[]

  • Anemia

    Symptoms may include: Abnormal paleness or lack of color of the skin Increased heart rate (tachycardia) Breathlessness, or difficulty catching a breath (dyspnea) Lack of energy[] […] with medical risks or whose diet puts them at risk of iron deficiency Premature infants Low–birth-weight infants Infants fed low-iron formula Breastfed infants older than[] […] erythropoietin response to declining hematocrit levels, combined with blood loss from laboratory testing, generally occurs in premature infants at two to six weeks of age[]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Take the patient’s blood pressure to ascertain if there are any orthostatic changes, hypotension, or tachycardia.[] Clin Toxicol 45 : 516 – 521, 2007 Peleg O, Bar-Oz B, Arad I: Coma in a premature infant associated with the transdermal absorption of propylene glycol.[] The tachycardia was attributed to dehydration from vomiting by the treating clinician. The patient's tachycardia settled down after the 20 mL/kg i.v. saline infusion.[]

  • Hypoglycemia

    Signs and symptoms include tachypnea, respiratory distress, tachycardia or bradycardia, lethargy, and seizures 775.6 Excludes infant of mother with diabetes mellitus ( 775.0[] Disorders of glucose underproduction Inadequate glucose stores are associated with prematurity, infants who are small for gestational age, malnutrition, and ketotic hypoglycemia[] Typical hyperadrenergic signs and symptoms: tachycardia; pale, cool, clammy skin; sweating; tremors; weakness; palpitations; irritability; nervousness; tingling or warmth[]

  • Abruptio Placentae

    Petechiae around BP cuff site, maternal tachycardia and diaphoresis.[] In some cases, immediate delivery is the only option, even before the administration of corticosteroid therapy in these premature infants.[] Tachycardia. (B) Abdominal examination: Uterus is large for date and increasing gradually in size due to retained blood. Uterus is very tender and hard (board-like).[]

  • Atelectasis

    Hypotension, tachycardia, fever, and shock may also occur. Slowly developing atelectasis is usually asymptomatic sometimes causes minor symptoms.[] Adhesive atelectasis is seen in premature infants who are unable to spontaneously breathe and in some infants after only a few days of developing breathing difficulties; their[] […] affected alveoli or slowly manifesting atelectasis asymptomatic or minimal symptoms Large number of affected alveoli or rapid onset acute dyspnea, chest pain, tachypnea, tachycardia[]

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