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207 Possible Causes for Prerenal Azotemia

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is known to be causative agent of mild to severe upper and lower respiratory illnesses in sporadic cases and outbreaks. We present a case report of a 3-month-old child with acute gastroenteritis who visited a pediatric clinic in Kyushu area in Japan in 2015. A stool sample collected from[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Metabolic alkalosis, isolated or in combination with another abnormality, is the most common acid-base disorder in patients with congestive heart failure. In most cases, it is a result of diuretic therapy, which causes activation of the renin-angiotensin system, chloride depletion, increased distal sodium delivery,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    The proposed etiology is some combination of absorption of digested blood products and prerenal azotemia due to hypovolemia. Tachycardia and Orthostatic Hypotension .[mdedge.com]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    We herein report the case of a 25-year-old Japanese woman with left-main-trunk acute myocardial infarction (LMT-AMI). She had cardiogenic shock, so emergency percutaneous intervention was performed. Intravascular ultrasound of LMT-AMI showed that the three-layered structure of the intima, tunica media, and[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diarrhea

    Diarrhea describes bowel movements (stools) that are loose and watery. It is very common and usually not serious. Many people will have diarrhea once or twice each year. It typically lasts two to three days and can be treated with over-the-counter medicines. Others have diarrhea often as part of irritable bowel[…][web.archive.org]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    We describe a case of ischemia complicating acute small-bowel obstruction in which retrospective on-demand spectral analysis using dual-layer spectral detector computed tomography (CT) provided a higher degree of confidence pertaining to the diagnosis. Dual-layer spectral detector CT enables retrospective[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypovolemia

    Intradialytic hypovolemia is a common complication of hemodialysis treatments. Blood volume changes that occur during dialysis can be followed by on-line optical sensing of the patient's hematocrit. Characteristic curves of blood volume changes can be seen in fluid overloaded patients with symptoms of hypovolemia, i.e.[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dehydration

    Indian J Pediatr. 2011 Dec;78(12):1543-5. doi: 10.1007/s12098-011-0418-9. Epub 2011 May 4. Author information 1 Pediatric Allergy Immunology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Post Graduate Institute for Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, India. Abstract Hypernatremic dehydration in[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Influenza Pneumonia

    A 47-year-old man with a fever was highly suspected of having influenza A infection since his wife and son who lived with him had been diagnosed with influenza A. Although repeated rapid tests with a nasopharyngeal swab showed negative findings, the patient developed bilateral pneumonia and reverse transcription[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    Acute pancreatitis is a sudden inflammation of the pancreas. Causes in order of frequency include a gallstone impacted in the common bile duct beyond the point where the pancreatic duct joins it; heavy alcohol use; systemic disease; trauma; and, in minors, mumps. Acute pancreatitis may be a single event; it may be[…][en.wikipedia.org]

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