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97 Possible Causes for Prerenal Azotemia, Wasting Syndrome

  • Bronchogenic Carcinoma

    -Look for Homer's syndrome and wasting of the small muscles of the hand. · Patient 2 has signs of pleural effusion on one side. · Patient 3 shows signs of unilateral collapse[syrianclinic.com] […] them to easy rupture and causing hemoptysis Dyspnea (25%) Extrinsic or intraluminal airway obstruction Activation of mechanoreceptors and chemoreceptors in lungs due to cachexia[epomedicine.com] If you suspect bronchogenic carcinoma, always look for clubbing, tar staining, cervical lymph nodes and radiation marks, and comment on cachexia.[syrianclinic.com]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Dehydration and prerenal azotemia are not uncommon; in addition, other electrolyte abnormalities such as hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia can be present.[acphospitalist.org] It generally appears in childhood and is clinically characterized by severe gastrointestinal dysmotility, cachexia, ptosis, progressive external ophthalmoplegia, peripheral[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The results of the latest research suggest that abnormal composition of the intestinal microbiota may be an important factor supporting cachexia of AN patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pyloric Obstruction

    These symptoms tend to lead to dehydration, malnutrition and weight loss, and these are distinguished from cancerous cachexia, which accompanies advanced malignancy.[apm.amegroups.com]

  • Renal Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    Renal salt wasting syndrome is yet another, though it is not common.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both renal salt-wasting syndrome (RSWS) and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) have been reported as the underlying mechanisms for chemotherapy-induced[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The marked urinary losses of sodium in combination with a negative sodium balance led to the diagnosis of cisplatin-induced renal salt wasting syndrome (RSWS).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Uremia

    Azotemia - prerenal; Uremia; Renal underperfusion; Acute renal failure - prerenal azotemia Goldfarb DA, Poggio ED, Demirjian S.[medlineplus.gov] Also referred to as uremic syndrome, uremia is a result of the buildup of nitrogen waste products, causing the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level to rise.[doctorshealthpress.com] We tend now to restrict the label “uremia” to that part of the residual syndrome caused by retained waste solutes.[jasn.asnjournals.org]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Nutritional - eg, deficiencies of thiamine, selenium, carnitine, and obesity, cachexia.[patient.info] […] million, US; 400,000 new cases are diagnosed/yr Clinical Low-output 'forward CHF'–weakness, fatigue, lethargy, light-headedness, and confusion; in decompensated CHF, cardiac cachexia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    The proposed etiology is some combination of absorption of digested blood products and prerenal azotemia due to hypovolemia. Tachycardia and Orthostatic Hypotension .[mdedge.com] […] varices Mallory-Weiss tear Bleeding preceded by vomiting, retching, or seizures Gastric cancer Left supraclavicular adenopathy; palpable mass; abdominal pain; weight loss; cachexia[aafp.org]

  • Hypovolemia

    Discrimination between cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) and the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) was performed on the basis of the classical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diarrhea

    Excessive amounts of thyroid hormones, parathyroid hormone deficiencies, irritable bowel syndrome, and uremia (an excess of nitrogenous wastes in the blood) all may cause[britannica.com] , the muscles that normally move waste along the intestine can spasm, causing diarrhea.[medbroadcast.com] […] while others may not be able to digest or absorb fat or carbohydrates radiation or chemotherapy overactive thyroid gland In functional bowel disorders like irritable bowel syndrome[medbroadcast.com]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    […] symptoms even when at rest, severe limitation Patients with end-stage CCF may have Cheyne-Stokes respiration, hypotension, tachycardia, features of valvulopathies, and cardiac cachexia[radiopaedia.org] Cardia cachexia: This unintentional weight loss of at least 7.5 percent of normal weight within six months can be life-threatening without supplemental nutrition.[baptisthealth.com] Cardia cachexia : This unintentional weight loss of at least 7.5 percent of normal weight within six months can be life-threatening without supplemental nutrition.[baptisthealth.com]

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