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97 Possible Causes for Prerenal Azotemia, Wasting Syndrome

  • Bronchogenic Carcinoma

    -Look for Homer's syndrome and wasting of the small muscles of the hand. · Patient 2 has signs of pleural effusion on one side. · Patient 3 shows signs of unilateral collapse[] […] them to easy rupture and causing hemoptysis Dyspnea (25%) Extrinsic or intraluminal airway obstruction Activation of mechanoreceptors and chemoreceptors in lungs due to cachexia[] If you suspect bronchogenic carcinoma, always look for clubbing, tar staining, cervical lymph nodes and radiation marks, and comment on cachexia.[]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Dehydration and prerenal azotemia are not uncommon; in addition, other electrolyte abnormalities such as hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia can be present.[] It generally appears in childhood and is clinically characterized by severe gastrointestinal dysmotility, cachexia, ptosis, progressive external ophthalmoplegia, peripheral[] The results of the latest research suggest that abnormal composition of the intestinal microbiota may be an important factor supporting cachexia of AN patients.[]

  • Pyloric Obstruction

    These symptoms tend to lead to dehydration, malnutrition and weight loss, and these are distinguished from cancerous cachexia, which accompanies advanced malignancy.[]

  • Renal Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    Renal salt wasting syndrome is yet another, though it is not common.[] Both renal salt-wasting syndrome (RSWS) and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) have been reported as the underlying mechanisms for chemotherapy-induced[] The marked urinary losses of sodium in combination with a negative sodium balance led to the diagnosis of cisplatin-induced renal salt wasting syndrome (RSWS).[]

  • Uremia

    Azotemia - prerenal; Uremia; Renal underperfusion; Acute renal failure - prerenal azotemia Goldfarb DA, Poggio ED, Demirjian S.[] Also referred to as uremic syndrome, uremia is a result of the buildup of nitrogen waste products, causing the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level to rise.[] We tend now to restrict the label “uremia” to that part of the residual syndrome caused by retained waste solutes.[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Nutritional - eg, deficiencies of thiamine, selenium, carnitine, and obesity, cachexia.[] […] million, US; 400,000 new cases are diagnosed/yr Clinical Low-output 'forward CHF'–weakness, fatigue, lethargy, light-headedness, and confusion; in decompensated CHF, cardiac cachexia[]

  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    The proposed etiology is some combination of absorption of digested blood products and prerenal azotemia due to hypovolemia. Tachycardia and Orthostatic Hypotension .[] […] varices Mallory-Weiss tear Bleeding preceded by vomiting, retching, or seizures Gastric cancer Left supraclavicular adenopathy; palpable mass; abdominal pain; weight loss; cachexia[]

  • Hypovolemia

    Discrimination between cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) and the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) was performed on the basis of the classical[]

  • Diarrhea

    Excessive amounts of thyroid hormones, parathyroid hormone deficiencies, irritable bowel syndrome, and uremia (an excess of nitrogenous wastes in the blood) all may cause[] , the muscles that normally move waste along the intestine can spasm, causing diarrhea.[] […] while others may not be able to digest or absorb fat or carbohydrates radiation or chemotherapy overactive thyroid gland In functional bowel disorders like irritable bowel syndrome[]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    […] symptoms even when at rest, severe limitation Patients with end-stage CCF may have Cheyne-Stokes respiration, hypotension, tachycardia, features of valvulopathies, and cardiac cachexia[] Cardia cachexia: This unintentional weight loss of at least 7.5 percent of normal weight within six months can be life-threatening without supplemental nutrition.[] Cardia cachexia : This unintentional weight loss of at least 7.5 percent of normal weight within six months can be life-threatening without supplemental nutrition.[]

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