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146 Possible Causes for Prolonged Expiration, Pursed-Lip Breathing, Sleep Apnea, Tachypnea

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Pursed lip breathing compared to no breathing exercises for COPD Pursed lip breathing compared to no breathing exercises for COPD Patient or population: individuals with COPD[dx.doi.org] expiration, elevated jugular venous pulse, and cyanosis.[medicinenet.com] COPD and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome may increase the overall cardiovascular risk, especially in elderly patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Background: The study was conducted to determine the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in association with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) on[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Asthma

    Extrathoracic respiratory signs should also be systematically looked for, including cyanosis, finger deformation, pulsus paradoxus, and pursed lips breathing.[erj.ersjournals.com] expiration, elevated jugular venous pulse, and cyanosis.[medicinenet.com] The most frequently reported asthma comorbid conditions include rhinitis, sinusitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, obstructive sleep apnea, hormonal disorders and psychopathologies[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Is there pursed lip breathing? Is there cyanosis? Note the ratio between the inspiratory and expiratory phase.[patient.info]

  • Bronchiolitis

    expiration End-respiratory crackles on auscultation Investigations RSV – can be easily tested for with nasopharyngeal mucous secretions.[almostadoctor.co.uk] The primary outcome was escalation of care due to treatment failure (defined as meeting 3 of 4 clinical criteria: persistent tachycardia, tachypnea, hypoxemia, and medical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] apnea , etc.).[medicinenet.com] The course begins with a two-to-three-day viral prodrome of fever, cough and rhinorrhea progressing to tachypnea, wheeze, crackles and a variable degree of respiratory distress[doi.org]

  • Aspiration Pneumonia

    However, 57 % agreed that dyspnea, fever, deterioration of general functioning, tachypnea and crepitation with auscultation are the most important characteristics and the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and Sleep Disorders -- Chapter 99: Sleep Apnea Syndromes: Central and Obstructive -- Chapter 100: Sleep-Related Hypoventilation Syndromes -- Chapter 101: Changes in the Cardiorespiratory[worldcat.org] Chemical pneumonia The physical symptoms of this type of pneumonia range from tachypnea, tachycardia, wheezing or cyanosis.[symptoma.com] Apnea and Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome -- Chapter 236: Pleural Diseases -- Chapter 237: Pulmonary Hypertension -- Section 15: Renal -- Chapter 238: Acid-Base Disorders[worldcat.org]

  • Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis

    Tachypnea, respiratory distress, and inspiratory crackles over lower lung fields often are present.On chest radiographs, progressive fibrotic changes with loss of lung volume[en.wikipedia.org] Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a health issue of major importance globally.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Affected cattle are fairly bright and eat reasonably well, but tachypnea, hyperpnea, and coughing are widespread.[merckvetmanual.com] Physical examination: During the acute attack there are fever, tachypnea, and diffuse fine bibasilar end-inspiratory crackles upon auscultation.[occup-med.biomedcentral.com]

  • Laryngeal Lesion

    It begins with observing the patient for any apparent airway symptoms which may include irritability and restlessness in an infant or dyspnea, tachypnea, cyanosis, and stridor[dnbhelp.wordpress.com] This patient had severe sleep apnea. Epiglottitis : This is an infection of the epiglottitis, or top part of the larynx (voice box).[entusa.com] Laryngomalacia and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may co-exist.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] of the laryngeal airway can produce symptoms of airway obstruction ranging from mild stridor, to increased work of breathing associated to retractions, nasal flaring and tachypnea[dnbhelp.wordpress.com]

  • Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis

    […] cause of congenital pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.We report a 6-month-old boy born with symmetrical intrauterine growth retardation presented with unexplained persistent tachypnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Apnea.[ajrccm.atsjournals.org] Congenital pulmonary alveolar proteinosis leads respiratory distress syndrome and entails tachypnea, grunting during expiration, nasal flaring, cyanosis, subcostal retractions[symptoma.com] A 6 weeks old 3.4 kg former 36 weeks gestation boy on supplemental oxygen was transferred to our NICU with persistent tachypnea, dry cough, and increasing oxygen requirements[deepblue.lib.umich.edu]

  • Hyperactive Airway Disease

    Mayo 1 doctor agreed: Pursed lip breathing: Pts with COPD who practice pursed lip breathing keep their airways open a little longer allowing more air into the lung.[healthtap.com] Auscultation of the chest revealed diffuse expiratory wheezes in all lung fields with prolonged expiration.[nap.edu] Dyspnea and Tachypnea – because of airway affectation, patients also exhibit fast breathing because only a small percentage of oxygen is enhaled.[healthfoxx.com] With capnography, narrowed airways and prolonged expiration result in a delayed rise in end-tidal carbon dioxide, producing a characteristic ‘sharkfin’ appearance (Figure[isanagpur.org]

  • Hyperventilation

    Home care You can try some immediate techniques to help treat acute hyperventilation: Breathe through pursed lips. Breathe slowly into a paper bag or cupped hands.[healthline.com] In asthma, the expiratory phase is prolonged (especially if severe) and the patient may expire through pursed lips.[patient.info] Tachypnea is abnormally rapid breathing.[en.m.wikipedia.org] Behavioral hyperventilation is a rarely recognized cause of central sleep apnea (CSA) among children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Hyperventilation

    Home care You can try some immediate techniques to help treat acute hyperventilation: Breathe through pursed lips. Breathe slowly into a paper bag or cupped hands.[healthline.com] Sampling was started by an operator three seconds after the beginning of a prolonged expiration lasting 16 seconds or more.[bmcpulmmed.biomedcentral.com] The symptoms of acute hyperventilation are mainly caused by the hypocalcemia. 4 Symptoms Tachypnea Muscle spasms Paresthesia Dizziness Anxiety Spasms of the muscles of the[flexikon.doccheck.com] Screening for OSA prior to surgery • Pulse oximetry as a single metric of sleep apnea lacks the sensitivity and specificity of PSG and multi-channel home sleep testing. •[slideshare.net]

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