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146 Possible Causes for Prolonged Expiration, Pursed-Lip Breathing, Sleep Apnea, Tachypnea

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Pursed lip breathing compared to no breathing exercises for COPD Pursed lip breathing compared to no breathing exercises for COPD Patient or population: individuals with COPD[] expiration, elevated jugular venous pulse, and cyanosis.[] COPD and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome may increase the overall cardiovascular risk, especially in elderly patients.[] Background: The study was conducted to determine the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in association with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) on[]

  • Asthma

    Extrathoracic respiratory signs should also be systematically looked for, including cyanosis, finger deformation, pulsus paradoxus, and pursed lips breathing.[] expiration, elevated jugular venous pulse, and cyanosis.[] The most frequently reported asthma comorbid conditions include rhinitis, sinusitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, obstructive sleep apnea, hormonal disorders and psychopathologies[] Is there pursed lip breathing? Is there cyanosis? Note the ratio between the inspiratory and expiratory phase.[]

  • Bronchiolitis

    expiration End-respiratory crackles on auscultation Investigations RSV – can be easily tested for with nasopharyngeal mucous secretions.[] The primary outcome was escalation of care due to treatment failure (defined as meeting 3 of 4 clinical criteria: persistent tachycardia, tachypnea, hypoxemia, and medical[] apnea , etc.).[] The course begins with a two-to-three-day viral prodrome of fever, cough and rhinorrhea progressing to tachypnea, wheeze, crackles and a variable degree of respiratory distress[]

  • Aspiration Pneumonia

    However, 57 % agreed that dyspnea, fever, deterioration of general functioning, tachypnea and crepitation with auscultation are the most important characteristics and the[] […] and Sleep Disorders -- Chapter 99: Sleep Apnea Syndromes: Central and Obstructive -- Chapter 100: Sleep-Related Hypoventilation Syndromes -- Chapter 101: Changes in the Cardiorespiratory[] Chemical pneumonia The physical symptoms of this type of pneumonia range from tachypnea, tachycardia, wheezing or cyanosis.[] Apnea and Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome -- Chapter 236: Pleural Diseases -- Chapter 237: Pulmonary Hypertension -- Section 15: Renal -- Chapter 238: Acid-Base Disorders[]

  • Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis

    Tachypnea, respiratory distress, and inspiratory crackles over lower lung fields often are present.On chest radiographs, progressive fibrotic changes with loss of lung volume[] Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a health issue of major importance globally.[] Affected cattle are fairly bright and eat reasonably well, but tachypnea, hyperpnea, and coughing are widespread.[] Physical examination: During the acute attack there are fever, tachypnea, and diffuse fine bibasilar end-inspiratory crackles upon auscultation.[]

  • Laryngeal Lesion

    It begins with observing the patient for any apparent airway symptoms which may include irritability and restlessness in an infant or dyspnea, tachypnea, cyanosis, and stridor[] This patient had severe sleep apnea. Epiglottitis : This is an infection of the epiglottitis, or top part of the larynx (voice box).[] Laryngomalacia and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may co-exist.[] […] of the laryngeal airway can produce symptoms of airway obstruction ranging from mild stridor, to increased work of breathing associated to retractions, nasal flaring and tachypnea[]

  • Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis

    […] cause of congenital pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.We report a 6-month-old boy born with symmetrical intrauterine growth retardation presented with unexplained persistent tachypnea[] Apnea.[] Congenital pulmonary alveolar proteinosis leads respiratory distress syndrome and entails tachypnea, grunting during expiration, nasal flaring, cyanosis, subcostal retractions[] A 6 weeks old 3.4 kg former 36 weeks gestation boy on supplemental oxygen was transferred to our NICU with persistent tachypnea, dry cough, and increasing oxygen requirements[]

  • Hyperactive Airway Disease

    Mayo 1 doctor agreed: Pursed lip breathing: Pts with COPD who practice pursed lip breathing keep their airways open a little longer allowing more air into the lung.[] Auscultation of the chest revealed diffuse expiratory wheezes in all lung fields with prolonged expiration.[] Dyspnea and Tachypnea – because of airway affectation, patients also exhibit fast breathing because only a small percentage of oxygen is enhaled.[] With capnography, narrowed airways and prolonged expiration result in a delayed rise in end-tidal carbon dioxide, producing a characteristic ‘sharkfin’ appearance (Figure[]

  • Hyperventilation

    Home care You can try some immediate techniques to help treat acute hyperventilation: Breathe through pursed lips. Breathe slowly into a paper bag or cupped hands.[] In asthma, the expiratory phase is prolonged (especially if severe) and the patient may expire through pursed lips.[] Tachypnea is abnormally rapid breathing.[] Behavioral hyperventilation is a rarely recognized cause of central sleep apnea (CSA) among children.[]

  • Acute Hyperventilation

    Home care You can try some immediate techniques to help treat acute hyperventilation: Breathe through pursed lips. Breathe slowly into a paper bag or cupped hands.[] Sampling was started by an operator three seconds after the beginning of a prolonged expiration lasting 16 seconds or more.[] The symptoms of acute hyperventilation are mainly caused by the hypocalcemia. 4 Symptoms Tachypnea Muscle spasms Paresthesia Dizziness Anxiety Spasms of the muscles of the[] Screening for OSA prior to surgery • Pulse oximetry as a single metric of sleep apnea lacks the sensitivity and specificity of PSG and multi-channel home sleep testing. •[]

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