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43 Possible Causes for Prolonged Expiration, Rales, Reversible Airway Obstruction

  • Asthma

    expiration, elevated jugular venous pulse, and cyanosis.[] Bilateral crepitant rales and sibilant rhochi were also detected. In his thoracic computerized tomography, the ground glass areas were noted in both lungs.[] Asthma is a relatively common condition that is characterized by at least partially reversible inflammation of the airways and reversible airway obstruction due to airway[]

  • Bronchiolitis

    expiration End-respiratory crackles on auscultation Investigations RSV – can be easily tested for with nasopharyngeal mucous secretions.[] On days 3 to 5, the following symptoms develop: tachypnea, wheezing, rales, and signs of respiratory distress (eg, grunting, nasal flaring, inter-/subcostal retractions).[] Although it is true that a small subset of children with bronchiolitis may have reversible airway obstruction resulting from smooth muscle constriction, attempts to define[]

  • Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis

    Your provider may hear abnormal lung sounds called crackles (rales) when listening to your chest with a stethoscope.[] […] and dyspnea May begin noticing weight loss Chronic (months after continuous exposure) Insidious onset of fatigue, productive cough, progressive dyspnea, cyanosis Bilateral rales[] Crepitant rales can be elicited in some patients.[]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    expiration, elevated jugular venous pulse, and cyanosis.[] Chest auscultation revealed decreased breath sounds without rales.[] OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Out of all respiratory diseases COPD is the leading cause of death and is characterized with diffuse non-reversible airway obstruction.[]

  • Hyperactive Airway Disease

    Auscultation of the chest revealed diffuse expiratory wheezes in all lung fields with prolonged expiration.[] More severe symptoms – croupy cough, fever 38 c, presence of malaise, lethargy, loss of appetite as confirmed by parents, symptoms and signs of LRI such as wheezing and rales[] Given a reversible component of airway obstruction, the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute Expert Panel on Asthma supports the use of antiinflammatory therapy. 7 Hence[]

  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans

    Auscultation of the lungs revealed prolonged expiration and bilateral crepitant rales. CXR revealed bilateral paracardiac infiltration.[] Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) also called obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) and constrictive bronchiolitis (CB), is a rare and life-threatening form of non-reversible obstructive[] Auscultation of the chest showed diminished breath sounds without obvious rales in the lungs.[]

  • Acute Bronchitis

    They will listen for the presence of rhonchi, prolonged expiration and wheezing. The sputum can be tested for the presence of bacteria.[] Improvements were most pronounced for 'coughing' and 'rales at auscultation'. Tolerability was similarly good in both groups.[] ., Jr Pulmonary function tests in acute bronchitis: evidence for reversible airways obstruction. J Fam Practice. 1987;25:251–6. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] Worrall G.[]

  • Obstruction of the Lung

    […] is prolonged and is not completed down to the original RV by the time the subject gives up the effort and takes another breath.[] Bibasilar rales were apparent on auscultation of the chest. Pulmonary function tests showed mild airway obstruction, with no improvement after albuterol inhalation.[] Patients with COPD are generally thought to have little or no reversibility of airway obstruction, while airway obstruction in asthma patients is often fully reversible [[]

  • Status Asthmaticus

    On examination, she showed tachycardia, tachypnoea, inspiratory and expiratory wheeze, and prolonged expiration. She had no fever.[] Classical signs of consolidation such as egophony, rales, whispered pectoriloquy, dullness to percussion or bronchial breath sounds might be heard.[] Treatment goals • Reverse airway obstruction • Correct Hypoxemia • Prevent or treat complications like pneumothorax and respiratory arrest 4. Etiology 5.[]

  • Pulmonary Emphysema

    Floyer was studying pulmonary (lung) disorders and described the characteristic prolonged expiration and progressive nature of emphysema.[] When bronchitis is present, the rales peculiar to that affection are noticed. There is a pronounced accentuation of the pulmonary second sound. Diagnosis .[] Eventually, the small airways in the lung become narrowed and destroyed. Asthma is also characterized by airflow obstruction.[]

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