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395 Possible Causes for Prolonged Immobilization

  • Constipation

    Slow transit constipation (STC) is a common disease of which the etiology is still not clear. Multiple hypotheses have been proposed to explain STC, including autonomic neuropathy, disorders of the enteric nervous system and so forth. Morphological abnormalities of the enteric nerves of the colon in patients with STC[…][]

  • Orthostatic Hypotension

    Several nonpharmacologic strategies for orthostatic hypotension exist including avoiding large carbohydrate-rich meals; limiting alcohol consumption; maintaining adequate hydration; adding salt to foods; and using compression stockings, tilt-table exercises, or abdominal binders. If these fail, however, only limited[…][]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    Venous thromboembolism may result from prolong immobilization following intracerebral hemorrhage.[] Examples of these include: Prolonged immobilization Extended travel (sitting in a car, airplane, train, etc.)[] immobilization ( e.g., long travel) malignancy thrombophilia pregnancy hormonal contraceptives Etiology DVT (most common) septic embolism from right-heart endocarditis fat[]

  • Obstipation

    Abstract Paraneoplastic symptoms caused by abnormal gastrointestinal motility may be the initial manifestation of small cell lung cancer (SCLC). We report a case of a 63-year-old woman who presented with progressive constipation culminating in obstipation, and associated symptoms of more widespread dysmotility. A[…][]

  • Pressure Ulcer

    Pressure sores are commonly seen among the very young or in the elderly who are admitted to the nursing homes and are immobile for prolonged periods of time. (1-5) Causes[] Abstract Patients in an immobile state are susceptible to pressure ulcers, which are localized injuries to the skin and/or underlying tissues due to prolonged pressure.[] It results from ischemic hypoxia of the tissues caused by prolonged pressure on them.[]

  • Hypercalcemia

    Therefore, they are prone to the imbalance of osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity that occurs with prolonged immobilization, leading to hypercalcemia.[] Kidney failure, adrenal gland failure, hyperthyroidism, prolonged immobilization, use of a class of diuretics called thiazides, and ingestion of massive amounts of calcium[] Here we present the case of an infant with hypercalcemia who presented with fatigue, irritability, and failure to thrive after prolonged immobilization.[]

  • Osteopenia and Osteoporosis

    Osteopenia and osteoporosis are two disorders caracterized by bone density loss. Osteopenia has no recognizable symptoms. There is no noticeable pain or change as bone becomes thinner. However, the risk of fractures is increased due to reduced bone density. Osteoporosis remains asymptomatic until skeletal[…][]

  • Musculoskeletal Lower Back Pain

    Other causes of pain include postural strain, repetitive movements, overuse, and prolonged immobilization.[] Poor posture or prolonged immobilization can also cause musculoskeletal pain. What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain?[]

  • Miliaria

    Miliaria, also called "sweat rash", is a skin disease marked by small and itchy rashes due to sweat trapped under the skin by clogged sweat gland ducts. Miliaria is a common ailment in hot and humid conditions, such as in the tropics and during the summer season. Although it affects people of all ages, it is especially[…][]

  • West Nile Encephalitis

    BACKGROUND: An outbreak of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) was reported in Kerala in India in May 2011. The outbreak features were unusual in terms of seasonality, geographical distribution, age group, and clinical manifestations in comparison to the epidemiological features of Japanese Encephalitis. OBJECTIVE: To[…][]

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