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27 Possible Causes for Prominent Sulci, X-Ray Abnormal

  • Pneumothorax

    , darkened lung field and prominent heart border.[oxfordmedicaleducation.com] A chest x-ray should be ordered early in the evaluation of a patient with a suspected pneumothorax.[cdemcurriculum.com] Small amounts of fluid may be noted on the chest X-ray (hydropneumothorax); this may be blood (hemopneumothorax).[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Funnel Chest

    This is a common sequel of chronic respiratory disease, usually asthma, in childhood (Fig. 4.13). it consists of a localised prominence of the sternum and adjacent costal[78stepshealth.us] The right heart border is not visible on this X-ray In patients with pectus excavatum the sternum is located abnormally posteriorly and consequently the heart is displaced[radiologymasterclass.co.uk] Physicians use chest X-rays or CT scans to create images of the internal structures of the chest. These help measure the severity of the curvature.[healthline.com]

  • Cryptococcosis

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain showed mild prominent cortical sulci with dilation of lateral ventricles suggestive of meningitis sequel.[turkjpath.org] The classic symptoms are cough, sputum, dyspnoea, chest pain and fever and abnormal chest X-ray.[info.gov.hk]

  • Coccidioidomycosis

    […] pulmonary vascularity; increased heart size suggesting diffuse chamber enlargement and/or pericardial effusion; blunting of the right and left costophrenic sulci with pleural[hcplive.com] Chest X-ray showed a consolidation in the left upper lobe. Under antibiotic treatment his clinical condition deteriorated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chest x-rays usually show characteristic abnormalities. These findings help doctors make the diagnosis.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Kwashiorkor

    , prominence of basal cisterns, and ventricular dilation resulting in cerebral atrophy, as well as periventricular white matter (PVWM).[physio-pedia.com] ; prominence of of the basal cisterns. 1,13 Other systemic involvement includes fatty degeneration of the liver and heart, atrophy of small bowel, and decreased intravascular[physio-pedia.com] […] creatinine Serum potassium Total protein levels Urinalysis Common MRI findings associated with children suffering from kwashiorkor included widening of Sylvian fissures and sulci[physio-pedia.com]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    There was complete resolution of cerebral edema in all patients and mild interval prominence of the cerebral sulci, which can indicate cerebral volume loss, in three out of[bloodjournal.org] Patients with chest pain or dyspnea require chest x-ray.[msdmanuals.com] ECG abnormalities suggesting target-organ damage include signs of left ventricular hypertrophy or acute ischemia.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] periventricular topographic distribution, whereas McKee et al 8 noted that the initial pathological changes were perivascular and at the base of the sulci and in the later[doi.org] Imaging Studies Brain scans are the best way to find brain abnormalities that can cause dementia. CT scan is like an x-ray but shows greater detail.[emedicinehealth.com] […] τ-immunoreactive astrocytes as a hallmark feature, but this was not observed in the cases examined by Omalu et al. 35 Omalu et al 35 reported a lobar cortical distribution but not a prominent[doi.org]

  • Glioblastoma Multiforme

    (a) On an axial nonenhanced CT scan, the sulci in the right hemisphere are normally prominent; on the left, the parietal sulci are effaced within a wedge-shaped region of[dx.doi.org] […] one or more of the following tests: Imaging studies such as a CT(CAT) scan or MRI to see detailed images of the brain Angiogram or MRA, which involve the use of dye and X-rays[m.webmd.com] Known risk factors for astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas include: ionising radiation (X rays and gamma rays) ageing male sex (slightly higher risk than for females) genetically[curebraincancer.org.au]

  • Craniosynostosis-Dandy-Walker Malformation-Hydrocephalus Syndrome

    CT and MRI reveal bilateral extracerebral fluid collections, prominent sulci, normal ventricles, and no evidence of compression of the brain.[thamburaj.com] X-rays of the skull : Anteroposterior , lateral, and special views may be done for craniosynostosis assessment.[lecturio.com] The diagnosis may be confirmed by a thorough clinical evaluation, a detailed patient history, and x-ray studies of the skeleton that reveal shortening of bones in the hands[rarediseases.org]

  • Primary Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy

    […] the sulci and gyri of brain.[doi.org] The infant was investigated with echocardiography and brain ultrasound, whole body X-ray which was normal except for the periostosis of the affected fingers.[jcnonweb.com] The X-rays revealed Wormian bones in the skull and thickened diaphyseal cortices of the long bones.[doi.org]

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