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27 Possible Causes for Prominent Sulci, X-Ray Abnormal

  • Pneumothorax

    , darkened lung field and prominent heart border.[] A chest x-ray should be ordered early in the evaluation of a patient with a suspected pneumothorax.[] Small amounts of fluid may be noted on the chest X-ray (hydropneumothorax); this may be blood (hemopneumothorax).[]

  • Funnel Chest

    This is a common sequel of chronic respiratory disease, usually asthma, in childhood (Fig. 4.13). it consists of a localised prominence of the sternum and adjacent costal[] The right heart border is not visible on this X-ray In patients with pectus excavatum the sternum is located abnormally posteriorly and consequently the heart is displaced[] Physicians use chest X-rays or CT scans to create images of the internal structures of the chest. These help measure the severity of the curvature.[]

  • Cryptococcosis

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain showed mild prominent cortical sulci with dilation of lateral ventricles suggestive of meningitis sequel.[] The classic symptoms are cough, sputum, dyspnoea, chest pain and fever and abnormal chest X-ray.[]

  • Coccidioidomycosis

    […] pulmonary vascularity; increased heart size suggesting diffuse chamber enlargement and/or pericardial effusion; blunting of the right and left costophrenic sulci with pleural[] Chest X-ray showed a consolidation in the left upper lobe. Under antibiotic treatment his clinical condition deteriorated.[] Chest x-rays usually show characteristic abnormalities. These findings help doctors make the diagnosis.[]

  • Kwashiorkor

    , prominence of basal cisterns, and ventricular dilation resulting in cerebral atrophy, as well as periventricular white matter (PVWM).[] ; prominence of of the basal cisterns. 1,13 Other systemic involvement includes fatty degeneration of the liver and heart, atrophy of small bowel, and decreased intravascular[] […] creatinine Serum potassium Total protein levels Urinalysis Common MRI findings associated with children suffering from kwashiorkor included widening of Sylvian fissures and sulci[]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    There was complete resolution of cerebral edema in all patients and mild interval prominence of the cerebral sulci, which can indicate cerebral volume loss, in three out of[] Patients with chest pain or dyspnea require chest x-ray.[] ECG abnormalities suggesting target-organ damage include signs of left ventricular hypertrophy or acute ischemia.[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] periventricular topographic distribution, whereas McKee et al 8 noted that the initial pathological changes were perivascular and at the base of the sulci and in the later[] Imaging Studies Brain scans are the best way to find brain abnormalities that can cause dementia. CT scan is like an x-ray but shows greater detail.[] […] τ-immunoreactive astrocytes as a hallmark feature, but this was not observed in the cases examined by Omalu et al. 35 Omalu et al 35 reported a lobar cortical distribution but not a prominent[]

  • Glioblastoma Multiforme

    (a) On an axial nonenhanced CT scan, the sulci in the right hemisphere are normally prominent; on the left, the parietal sulci are effaced within a wedge-shaped region of[] […] one or more of the following tests: Imaging studies such as a CT(CAT) scan or MRI to see detailed images of the brain Angiogram or MRA, which involve the use of dye and X-rays[] Known risk factors for astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas include: ionising radiation (X rays and gamma rays) ageing male sex (slightly higher risk than for females) genetically[]

  • Craniosynostosis-Dandy-Walker Malformation-Hydrocephalus Syndrome

    CT and MRI reveal bilateral extracerebral fluid collections, prominent sulci, normal ventricles, and no evidence of compression of the brain.[] X-rays of the skull : Anteroposterior , lateral, and special views may be done for craniosynostosis assessment.[] The diagnosis may be confirmed by a thorough clinical evaluation, a detailed patient history, and x-ray studies of the skeleton that reveal shortening of bones in the hands[]

  • Primary Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy

    […] the sulci and gyri of brain.[] The infant was investigated with echocardiography and brain ultrasound, whole body X-ray which was normal except for the periostosis of the affected fingers.[] The X-rays revealed Wormian bones in the skull and thickened diaphyseal cortices of the long bones.[]

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