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185 Possible Causes for prophage

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  • Streptococcal Infection

    Acquisition of prophages accounts for much of the diversity, conferring not only virulence via phage-associated virulence factors but also increased bacterial survival against[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Vibrio Cholerae O139

    Results showed that V. cholerae O139 strains of Kolkata, isolated over a decade, harboured CTX prophages in the large chromosome having no RS1 downstream of CTX prophage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients infected with O139 strains were much older than those infected with O1 strains (p type CTX(Calc) prophage in addition to the CTX(ET) prophage carried by the previous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] in tandem, with both the CTX prophages in these strains being the new type of the O139 CTX prophage, CTX ImmCalcutta prophage ( Figure 5 ).[wwwnc.cdc.gov]

  • Streptococcus Lactis

    When a selective pressure was applied to an integrant in which pE194 was flanked by two direct repeats of prophage fragment, amplification of pE194 and the prophage fragment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Second, the starter strains provided very poor phage yields upon induction of resident prophages (Table 3 ).[doi.org] In some cases other prophages may be inserted in equivalent positions (see below).[doi.org]

  • Vibrio Comma

    prophage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Analysis of the CTXφ prophage in V. cholerae strains.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clark , Sequencing of CJIE1 prophages from Campylobacter jejuni isolates reveals the presence of inserted and (or) deleted genes , Canadian Journal of Microbiology , 57 ,[doi.org]

  • Streptococcus Pyogenes

    The DNA repair genes mutL and mutS were separated by the prophage remnant SF370.4; prophage SF370.1 and S. pneumoniae phage MM1 integrated into homologous chromosomal locations[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Prophage NZ131.3.[doi.org] As with the previously sequenced S. pyogenes genomes, three unique prophages are a major source of genetic diversity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Escherichia Coli

    The integrated locus of PP_SE11-2 is the same as those of lambda-like prophage Sp10 in O157 Sakai and lambda-like prophage Rac in MG1655 (Fig. 5 B).[doi.org] Cryptic prophage and phage remnants.[doi.org] prophage within this genome.[doi.org]

  • Bacillus Licheniformis

    Prophage sequences, designated NZP1 and NZP3 (similar to B. subtilis prophages PBSX and φ-105), were discovered by noting the presence of nearby genes that code for the large[pubmedcentral.nih.gov] PubMed PubMed Central View Article Google Scholar Casjens S: Prophages and bacterial genomics: What have we learned so far?.[genomebiology.com] […] regions were assigned as prophages.[doi.org]

  • Lactococcus Lactis

    When a selective pressure was applied to an integrant in which pE194 was flanked by two direct repeats of prophage fragment, amplification of pE194 and the prophage fragment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Second, the starter strains provided very poor phage yields upon induction of resident prophages (Table 3 ).[doi.org] […] response (nonribosomal peptide synthesis and various transporters), and exopolysaccharide biosynthesis, as well as the expected differences in various mobile elements such as prophages[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Borrelia Burgdorferi

    Here we describe an in vitro assay in which a clone of B. burgdorferi strain CA-11.2A encoding kanamycin resistance on a ϕBB-1 prophage is co-cultured with different clones[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One of the circular plasmids is a prophage that exists as several isoforms in each cell and can be transduced to other cells, likely contributing to an otherwise relatively[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition to prophage DNA, small Escherichia coli-derived shuttle vectors were also transduced between co-cultured B. burgdorferi strains, suggesting both a broad role for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Staphylococcus

    […] ψSCCmecP5085) harboring mecC gene, two composite phage-inducible chromosomal islands probably essential to adaptation to extreme environment, and one complete and one defective prophage[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The prophage does not carry any genes encoding tRNA or virulence factors.[doi.org] Prophages were checked through web server PHAST (Phage search tool) ( Zhou et al., 2011 ).[frontiersin.org]

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