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196 Possible Causes for Proximal Muscle Weakness of the Lower Extremity

  • Lumbar Disk Herniation

    BACKGROUND: Endoscopic spine surgery has become increasingly popular. However, no study has researched the predictive factors for different outcomes. This study is the first to evaluate the outcome predictors of the transforaminal endoscopic spine system (TESSYS) technique for lumbar disk herniation (LDH).[…][]

  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica

    This article is available to subscribers. Subscribe now . Already have an account? Sign in Clinical Practice Cornelia M. Weyand, M.D., Ph.D., and Jörg J. Goronzy, M.D., Ph.D. Article Figures/Media Metrics Both giant-cell arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica are immune-mediated diseases that are treated with glucocorticoids,[…][]

  • Spinal Stenosis

    Thoracic spinal stenosis is a common vertebral degenerative disease, and treatment remains challenging. In recent years, transforaminal endoscopic decompression has been widely used for treating lumbar degenerative diseases. However, the efficacy of this procedure for thoracic spinal stenosis has yet to be[…][]

  • Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung

    A 67-year-old female presenting with a history of weight loss and abdominal distension was noted on examination to have ascites. Paracentesis revealed a chylous ascites and chest radiography showed a right hilar enlargement with mid-zone infiltration. Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated retroperitoneal[…][]

  • Bronchogenic Carcinoma

    There is some evidence that complete resection of both primary and metastatic sites of non-small cell lung carcinoma has more influence on survival than the locoregional stage of the lung cancer. We describe prolonged survival ( 5 years) after complete surgical resection of a bronchogenic carcinoma (T3N0M1) and[…][]

  • Relapsed Small Cell Lung Cancer

    Background: The treatment efficacy of second-line chemotherapy in poor-risk patients with refractory-relapsed small-cell lung cancer is unclear. Methods: We defined refractory relapse as treatment-free interval Results: Twenty-three poor-risk patients with refractory-relapsed small-cell lung cancer were treated[…][]

  • Graves Disease

    Sheehan's syndrome (SS), which is an important cause of hypopituitarism, is common in developing countries. The most common presentation is the absence of lactation and amenorrhea. Hypothyroidism rather than hyperthyroidism is the usual expected phenomenon in SS. Postpartum hyperthyroidism is also common and[…][]

  • Occult Malignancy

    OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of occult malignancy found in morcellated specimens removed in the context of pelvic organ prolapse repair operations. METHODS: A total of 786 cases were reviewed from a single health system between October 2006 and July 2015. Thorough chart reviews were[…][]

  • Syringomyelia

    Clin Res Cardiol. 2014 Oct;103(10):839-45. doi: 10.1007/s00392-014-0725-z. Epub 2014 May 22. Author information 1 Department for Electrophysiology and Cardiac pacing, Clinic of Cardiology, Motol University Hospital and 2nd Faculty of Medicine of the Charles University, V Úvalu 84, 15006, Prague, Czech Republic,[…][]

  • Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy

    The proband first noticed bilateral ptosis, dysphagia, and proximal dominant muscle weakness in the lower extremities at age 53.[] Other signs that occur as the disease progresses include tongue weakness and atrophy, proximal upper and lower extremity weakness, dysphonia, dysarthria, facial muscle weakness[] Electromyographs revealed myogenic/neurogenic changes, and computed tomography disclosed selective muscle wasting with fatty replacement, predominantly in the lower extremities[]

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