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44 Possible Causes for Pseudohypertrophy of Calf Muscles, Unable to Stand

  • Muscular Dystrophy

    The majority of individuals are unable to sit or stand without support, and some affected children may never learn to walk.[web.archive.org] Pseudohypertrophy of the calf muscles is due to fibrous tissue and fat infiltration. Involvement of the heart consists of usually terminal cardiomyopathy.[icd9data.com] Calf muscles initially enlarge and the enlarged muscle tissue is eventually replaced with fat and connective tissue (pseudohypertrophy).[genome.gov]

  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

    This can result in trouble standing-up. Most are unable to walk by the age of twelve. Affected muscles may look larger due to increased fat content.[dbpedia.org] Early signs may include pseudohypertrophy (enlargement of calf muscles), low endurance, and difficulties in standing unaided or inability to ascend staircases.[disabled-world.com] Children with Duchenne may be slower to sit, stand or walk. Most are unable to run and jump properly due to weakness in the core muscles of the body.[duchenne.com]

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    Children can sit without support but are unable to stand or walk unaided. Children also may have respiratory difficulties.[ninds.nih.gov] They are able to sit without support but are unable to stand or walk unaided, and some may lose the ability to stay seated independently over time without treatment.[ninds.nih.gov] These infants usually have difficulty breathing and swallowing, and they are unable to sit without support.[genome.gov]

  • Becker Muscular Dystrophy

    A child with Duchenne MD may: have difficulty walking, running or jumping have difficulty standing up learn to speak later than usual be unable to climb the stairs without[nhs.uk] , fatigue and pseudohypertrophy of calf muscles[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] ) in calf muscles Muscle wasting that begins in the legs and pelvis, then progresses to the muscles of the shoulders, neck, arms, and respiratory system Laboratory tests that[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Autosomal Recessive Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy Type 2E

    They are usually unable to stand without using their own body to steady themselves and, as such, present with Gower’s sign (where patients use their own hands to push off[lecturio.com] […] recessive inheritance 0000007 Calf muscle pseudohypertrophy 0003707 Juvenile onset Signs and symptoms begin before 15 years of age 0003621 Limb-girdle muscle weakness 0003325[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] License: Public Domain On examination, you may find pseudohypertrophy of gastrocnemius (calf) muscles. Examine the mental state of the child as retardation is common.[lecturio.com]

  • Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy

    They are usually unable to stand without using their own body to steady themselves and, as such, present with Gower’s sign (where patients use their own hands to push off[lecturio.com] Pseudohypertrophy of the calf muscles is due to fibrous tissue and fat infiltration. Involvement of the heart consists of usually terminal cardiomyopathy.[icd9data.com] […] hypertrophy (initial increased calf muscle volume contrary to the early calf fat replacement observed in Duchenne’s pseudohypertrophy).[doi.org]

  • Autosomal Recessive Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy Type 2C

    They are usually unable to stand without using their own body to steady themselves and, as such, present with Gower’s sign (where patients use their own hands to push off[lecturio.com] License: Public Domain On examination, you may find pseudohypertrophy of gastrocnemius (calf) muscles. Examine the mental state of the child as retardation is common.[lecturio.com]

  • Adult Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    These benefits are all felt even if the individual is unable to stand completely upright.[daneverard.co.uk] These infants usually have difficulty breathing and swallowing, and they are unable to sit without support.[genome.gov] Regular standing also promotes normal bodily functions such as kidney drainage & reducing calcium loss in bones.[daneverard.co.uk]

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 3

    Bone strength decreases as patients become unable to stand, and they are at risk for bone fractures (breaks).[nationwidechildrens.org] Children with SMA type II may eventually be able to sit, but they are unable to learn to stand or to walk.[healthofchildren.com] These children are unable to learn to sit or to stand. The disease is usually fatal prior to the age of two.[healthofchildren.com]

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    He was unable to stand, speak, and was incontinent.[neurologyindia.com] We report the first known Egyptian patient with FCMD, established by clinical features of generalized weakness, pseudohypertrophy of calf muscles, progressive joint contractures[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most patients are unable to walk or manage to walk for only a short period of time, usually before puberty. Children can stand and walk with the aid of leg splints.[orpha.net]

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