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185 Possible Causes for Psychiatric Manifestation, Spasticity - Hyperreflexia

  • Hyponatremia

    However, endocrinologic manifestations from Hg exposure are less well known.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They are primarily central nervous system (CNS) manifestations, such as irritability, restlessness, lethargy, muscular twitching, spasticity and hyperreflexia, all of which[aafp.org] Children who are exposed to Hg can present with a wide variety of symptoms, including acrodynia, tremor, excessive salivation, and psychiatric symptoms, including insomnia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[icdlist.com]

  • Mental Retardation

    Diagnostic methods The diagnosis is based on the presence of the clinical manifestations. There is no specific diagnostic test available.[ojrd.biomedcentral.com] Affected males showed mild mental retardation, microcephaly, hyperreflexia or spastic diplegia, and a similar facial appearance, including a triangular face, prognathism,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Psychiatric problems can be present such as psychotic disturbances with hallucinatory visions and sounds, and schizophrenia [ 1, 14 – 17 ].[ojrd.biomedcentral.com]

  • Central Nervous System Disorder

    , tremor, spasticity, ataxia, contracture and paralysis sensory: hypoesthesia, numbness, paraesthesia, burning and shooting pain autonomic: urinary and defecatory problems[quizlet.com] […] difficulty with bladder control mild emotional disturbances Late in the disease course: mental symptoms: apathy, dementia, depression, mania, inattention. motor symptoms: hyperreflexia[quizlet.com]

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    As far as psychiatric manifestations are concerned, these patients usually present with cognitive impairment, depressive symptoms and occasionally psychotic symptoms.[indianjpsychiatry.org] Described features include 9,11 : progressive dementia extrapyramidal signs (rigidity, dystonia, choreoathetosis) corticospinal signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia) dysarthria[radiopaedia.org] CNS manifestations of MLS resemble Huntington disease and consist of a choreiform movement disorder, "subcortical" cognitive deficits, psychiatric manifestations, and in some[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis

    Psychiatric manifestations are rare and non-specific, and often lead to significant diagnostic and treatment delay.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical examination revealed spastic paraparesis with gait ataxia, hyperreflexia of deep tendon reflexes with bilateral Babinski and Hoffmann signs, and mental retardation[nature.com] Psychiatric manifestations of treatable hereditary metabolic disorders in adults.[cambridge.org]

  • Neurosyphilis

    Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is rarely used for the psychiatric manifestations of neurosyphilis: we identified only 19 cases in the literature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] paresis and hyperreflexia 7,8 occurs months to years after infection 3,4 meningovascular syphilis prodrome of mild clinical features of syphilitic meningitis 4,9 this is[radiopaedia.org] Clinical manifestations as well as psychiatric symptoms of syphilis are diverse and often non-specific.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Autosomal Dominant Spastic Paraplegia Type 6

    Of note, the vast majority of the mutations associated with psychiatric manifestations are loss-of-function mutations affecting the AAA functional domain.[jnnp.bmj.com] […] usually presents in late adolescence or early adulthood as a pure phenotype of lower limb spasticity with hyperreflexia and extensor plantar responses, as well as mild bladder[orpha.net] […] limb spasticity with hyperreflexia and extensor plantar responses, as well as mild bladder disturbances and pes cavus.[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Pregnancy

    Neurologic and psychiatric manifestations of celiac disease and gluten sensitivity. Psychiatr. Q. 83, 91–102 (2012). 96. Garud, S. et al.[dx.doi.org] A total of 31 of the 49 infants (63%) had grossly abnormal results on neurologic examinations; hypertonicity, clonus, hyperreflexia, abnormal movements, spasticity, contractures[nejm.org] , hyperreflexia, contractures, dysphagia, and feeding difficulties.[nejm.org]

  • Autosomal Dominant Spastic Paraplegia Type 31

    Of note, the vast majority of the mutations associated with psychiatric manifestations are loss-of-function mutations affecting the AAA functional domain.[jnnp.bmj.com] 24, Autosomal Recessive Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM: 57 Neurologic Central Nervous System: spasticity hyperreflexia clonus difficulty standing walking on tiptoes[malacards.org] In addition, almost half of the patients present with psychiatric manifestations (psychosis), slowly progressive SMA with muscle weakness (often limb-girdle in distribution[neuroweb.us]

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