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111 Possible Causes for Pulmonary Systolic Murmur, Secondary Pulmonary Hypertension

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    Course and Complications  Ejection systolic murmur at birth (due to pulmonary hypertension)  continuous murmur after a few weeks  Development of Pulmonary arterial hypertension[slideshare.net] Hypertensive pulmonary vascular disease associated with patent ductus arteriosus: primary or secondary? Circulation. 1975 ; 52 : 157–161.[circ.ahajournals.org] A heart murmur occurs in the pulmonary area; the murmur may be continuous, systolic with a short diastolic component, or only systolic, depending on the pulmonary artery pressure[msdmanuals.com]

  • Large Ventricular Septal Defect

    […] vascular resistance decreases left to right shunt and converts systolic murmur in the one-sided murmur.[remedyland.com] Congenital Secondary to acute myocardial infarction (MI) Limited coronary artery disease and hypertension (post-MI) Family history VSD is slightly more common in females than[quizlet.com] […] small left to right shunt is small, if the defect is large, the resistance of blood flow between the two ventricles is small, so is the left-right shunt is large, increased pulmonary[remedyland.com]

  • Left to Right Cardiac Shunt

    PH - Causes and Repairs If a pre-existing disease triggered the PH, doctors call it secondary pulmonary hypertension.[heart.org] A syndrome characterized by the reversal of a septal defect-associated left-to-right shunt due to the resulting secondary pulmonary hypertension.[icd10data.com] The key pathological change is increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and pressure secondary to increased blood flow from the left-to-right shunt.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Eisenmenger Syndrome

    Along the left sternal border systolic murmur can be heard, and early pulmonary systolic shock.[remedyland.com] Eisenmenger syndrome consists of a congenital communication between the systemic and pulmonary circulation with secondary pulmonary hypertension causing reversal of flow through[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ejection systolic murmur audible along the left sternal border.[patient.info]

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    MurmursPulmonary ejection systolic murmur – Increased pulmonary flow • Tricuspid murmur – is heard over left sternal edge louder on inspiration • Graham-Steell murmur[slideshare.net] We present a middle-aged man with progressive dyspnoea with a successfully closed ASD without pulmonary hypertension caused by elevated right ventricular pressures secondary[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Incidence of secondary pulmonary hypertension in adults with atrial septal or sinus venosus defects. Heart. 1999 ; 82 : 30–33.[circ.ahajournals.org]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    murmurs could be heard in the pulmonary valve auscultation area; and no pericardial friction sound was apparent.[omicsonline.org] .: Sildenafil improves exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with systolic heart failure and secondary pulmonary hypertension .[link.springer.com] Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease 1” Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn 2. Pulmonary hypertension secondary to left heart disease 2.1.[escardio.org]

  • Ostium Primum Atrial Septal Defect

    MurmursPulmonary ejection systolic murmur – Increased pulmonary flow • Tricuspid murmur – is heard over left sternal edge louder on inspiration • Graham-Steell murmur[slideshare.net] hypertension.[elsevier.es] Pulmonary hypertension occurred in one. Six patients are asymptomatic an average of 3.5 years after surgical correction. One patient died of other causes at 18 months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Valve Disease

    Signs Soft pulmonary systolic murmurs are more easily heard with the patient lying down.[patient.info] In mild to moderate pulmonary regurgitation situations, the murmur may be absent.[symptoma.com] A left pulmonary artery aneurysm secondary to pulmonary hypertension. J Cardiovascular Surg 2001; 42:629–632 Google Scholar 26. Moustapha A, Kaushik V, Diaz S, et al.[link.springer.com]

  • Carcinoid Tumor

    In such patients, physical examination usually reveals a systolic murmur along the left sternal edge, produced by tricuspid regurgitation; concomitant murmurs of pulmonary[doi.org] […] failure or pulmonary hypertension, respectively.[doi.org] […] valve regurgitation Tricuspid and pulmonary valve regurgitation usually occurs as a secondary phenomenon caused by dilatation of the valve ring secondary to right ventricular[doi.org]

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    In addition to a pansystolic murmur, there may also be a mid/end diastolic murmur mimicking mitral stenosis as well as an ejection systolic murmur mimicking aortic stenosis[radiopaedia.org] Fixed and irreversible pulmonary hypertension develops, resulting in reversal of the left-to-right shunt to a right-to-left shunt.[emedicine.com] Although heart sounds are normal, a systolic click and a grade iii/iv systolic murmur in the pulmonary area is heard.[escardio.org]

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