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61 Possible Causes for Pupillary Abnormality, Thoracic Aortic Dissection, X-Ray Abnormal

  • Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

    Chest x-ray abnormalities, or symptoms and signs suggesting an aneurysm, should be followed up with a cross-sectional imaging test; choice among these tests is based on availability[] Immunofluorescence also showed that BRM and MMP2 were expressed in the thoracic aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection tissue.[] Therefore, the abnormal projection of descending aorta on chest x-ray indicated the aortic aneurysm. The size of the aneurysm on chest x-ray has not changed for 2 years.[]

  • Marfan Syndrome

    , developed bilateral pupillary block from luxated crystalline lenses.[] Panel Description Diseases Targeted: Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection Marfan Syndrome Overview: The Marfan and Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection Panel examines[] Diagnosis Clinical criteria Genetic testing Echocardiography/MRI (measurement of the aortic root, detection of valve prolapse) Slit-lamp examination (lens abnormalities) X-rays[]

  • Non-Cranial Giant Cell Arteritis

    Additional ophthalmic manifestations include isolated cotton-wool spots, cranial-nerve palsies, ocular hypotony, and pupillary abnormalities. 2 To detect these conditions,[] Large-vessel vasculitis Although thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection have been described as late complications of giant cell arteritis, large-vessel vasculitis may precede[] […] visual fields, and a relative afferent pupillary defect.[]

  • Epidural Hematoma

    (20%) Skull X-rays may help management (there is much debate regarding their role), but if a CT is indicated, they are not necessary and may only cause delay.[] Factors that may influence outcome are as follows: Patient age Time lapsed between injury and treatment Immediate coma or lucid interval Presence of pupillary abnormalities[] An initial diagnosis of aortic dissection with an ischaemic paraplegia was made.[]

  • Cocaine Abuse

    The case in point pertains to a 26-year-old, Caucasian male, substance abuser who suffered a thoracic aortic dissection following the use of crack cocaine.[] Chest X-ray (Figure 1 ) showed bilateral patchy opacities representing pulmonary edema or possible hemorrhage.[] Cardiovascular complications of cocaine abuse include myocardial ischemia and infarction, dysrhythmias, cardiomyopathies and aortic dissection.[]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    […] qualitative, offline analysis of the MIBG and MIBI images, which were processed with an Elscinct Multiformatter and displayed on transparencies (Kodak EB-1 Ektascan diagnostic x-ray[] KEYWORDS: Acute aortic dissection; Aneurysm; computed tomography angiography; subarachnoid hemorrhage[] MIBG and MIBI studies were categorized as normal (uniform uptake) or abnormal (global or regional defects).[]

  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Type 4

    Dental findings Dental abnormalities observed in patients with vEDS were related to defects in dentin formation rather than to common dental pathology ( table 1 ). x-Ray analysis[] […] intestine morphology Abnormality of the intestine 0002242 Abnormal pupil morphology Abnormality of the pupil Pupillary abnormalities Pupillary abnormality [ more ] 0000615[] Upon further questioning, it was discovered that the patient had multiple family members that had been diagnosed with aneurysms of both the thoracic and aortic aorta and that[]

  • Horner's Syndrome

    Pupillary abnormalities ; Atlas of Ophthalmology Crippa SV, Borruat FX, Kawasaki A ; Pupillary dilation lag is intermittently present in patients with a stable oculosympathetic[] In parturients, it warrants further investigation as other serious causes must be excluded, such as pancoast tumours, thoracic aortic aneurysms, carotid dissection, neuroblastoma[] The chest X-ray did not reveal any rib, sternal fractures or mediastinal enlargement.[]

  • Pulmonary Syphilis

    x-rays.[] Tremors of the mouth, tongue, outstretched hands, and whole body may occur; other signs include pupillary abnormalities, dysarthria, hyperreflexia, and, in some patients,[] The most feared complication of cardiovascular syphilis is aortic dissection or ruptured thoracic aneurysm. (5) Tertiary Syphilis – Neurologic Manifestations In the tertiary[]

  • Aortic Dilation

    An ACTA2 mutation was suspected in light of the pupillary abnormality and aneurysmal PDA. Genetic testing confirmed a de novo Arg179His ACTA2 mutation.[] Aneurysm-osteoarthritis syndrome is responsible for 2% of familial thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections and is characterised by aneurysms, dissections, and tortuosity[] In most cases, X-rays of the abdomen show calcium deposits in the aneurysm wall.[]

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