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66 Possible Causes for Rales, Respiratory Acidosis, Reversible Airway Obstruction

  • Asthma

    Metabolic acidosis denotes impeding respiratory arrest.[] Bilateral crepitant rales and sibilant rhochi were also detected. In his thoracic computerized tomography, the ground glass areas were noted in both lungs.[] Asthma is a relatively common condition that is characterized by at least partially reversible inflammation of the airways and reversible airway obstruction due to airway[]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Eventually, hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis develop, leading to pulmonary artery vasoconstriction and cor pulmonale.[] Chest auscultation revealed decreased breath sounds without rales.[] OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Out of all respiratory diseases COPD is the leading cause of death and is characterized with diffuse non-reversible airway obstruction.[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    The metabolic and respiratory acidosis of acute pulmonary edema. Ann Intern Med 1972 ; 76 : 173 –84. Perel A , Williamson D, Modell J.[] However, the patient developed pink frothy sputum with diffuse bilateral rales 30 min later after transported to surgical intensive care unit (SICU).[] obstruction.[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    No rales were detected because of its paucity of fibrous components in the lung.[] Patients with asthma and reversible airway obstruction were excluded from the trials of beta blockers in heart failure.[] Major criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema[]

  • Bronchiolitis

    Here we describe two otherwise healthy infants with severe bronchiolitis whose clinical course was complicated by marked bronchial obstruction and respiratory acidosis refractory[] On days 3 to 5, the following symptoms develop: tachypnea, wheezing, rales, and signs of respiratory distress (eg, grunting, nasal flaring, inter-/subcostal retractions).[] Although it is true that a small subset of children with bronchiolitis may have reversible airway obstruction resulting from smooth muscle constriction, attempts to define[]

  • Status Asthmaticus

    For severe ventilation-refractory hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis, ECMO was used initially and was later replaced by a pECLA device.[] Classical signs of consolidation such as egophony, rales, whispered pectoriloquy, dullness to percussion or bronchial breath sounds might be heard.[] Treatment goals • Reverse airway obstruction • Correct Hypoxemia • Prevent or treat complications like pneumothorax and respiratory arrest 4. Etiology 5.[]

  • Toxic Effect of Chlorine Gas

    Monitor arterial blood gases, treat hyperchloraemic acidosis. Patients with pre-existing respiratory disease: assess and consider admission for at least 24 hours.[] Clinical signs including hypoxemia, wheezes, rales, and abnormal chest radiographs may be present.[] On subsequent follow up examination, she remained symptomatic with severe reversible airway obstruction.[]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    There may be hypoxemia and in advanced stages, respiratory acidosis. Imaging Features of cystic fibrosis can be identified on imaging.[] 0.0 [0.0, 0.0] 13.8 Pharyngolaryngeal pain 1 Risk Ratio (M‐H, Fixed, 95% CI) 0.0 [0.0, 0.0] 13.9 Productive cough 1 Risk Ratio (M‐H, Fixed, 95% CI) 0.0 [0.0, 0.0] 13.10 Rales[] Regular aerobic exercise is recommended; it may also help airway clearance. For patients with reversible airway obstruction, bronchodilators may be given by inhalation.[]

  • Pneumoconiosis

    Correction of the underlying respiratory acidosis was not sufficient to control the rapid ventricular response.[] […] result of long-term exposure. (2,4,5,7,8) The clinical profile of giant cell pneumonia includes dyspnea on exertion, hypoxemia, cough, weight loss, fatigue, wheezing and rales[] Farming and the prevalence of non-reversible airways obstruction: results from a population-based study. Am J Ind Med 50:421-426 17497693.[]

  • Inhalation Burn

    His ABG result demonstrates a severe metabolic and respiratory acidosis.[] Note rhonchi, rales, wheeze and use of accessory muscles of respiration. Facial burns show nearness to the fire. Other burns demonstrate an inability to escape.[] […] intubation include protection of the airway against acute airway obstruction, facilitation of airway toileting, and oxygen delivery to reverse carbon monoxide and cyanide[]

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