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66 Possible Causes for Rales, Respiratory Acidosis, Reversible Airway Obstruction

  • Asthma

    Metabolic acidosis denotes impeding respiratory arrest.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bilateral crepitant rales and sibilant rhochi were also detected. In his thoracic computerized tomography, the ground glass areas were noted in both lungs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Asthma is a relatively common condition that is characterized by at least partially reversible inflammation of the airways and reversible airway obstruction due to airway[radiopaedia.org]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Eventually, hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis develop, leading to pulmonary artery vasoconstriction and cor pulmonale.[emedicine.medscape.com] Chest auscultation revealed decreased breath sounds without rales.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Out of all respiratory diseases COPD is the leading cause of death and is characterized with diffuse non-reversible airway obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    The metabolic and respiratory acidosis of acute pulmonary edema. Ann Intern Med 1972 ; 76 : 173 –84. Perel A , Williamson D, Modell J.[pmj.bmj.com] However, the patient developed pink frothy sputum with diffuse bilateral rales 30 min later after transported to surgical intensive care unit (SICU).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    No rales were detected because of its paucity of fibrous components in the lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with asthma and reversible airway obstruction were excluded from the trials of beta blockers in heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Major criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema[web.archive.org]

  • Bronchiolitis

    Here we describe two otherwise healthy infants with severe bronchiolitis whose clinical course was complicated by marked bronchial obstruction and respiratory acidosis refractory[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On days 3 to 5, the following symptoms develop: tachypnea, wheezing, rales, and signs of respiratory distress (eg, grunting, nasal flaring, inter-/subcostal retractions).[mdedge.com] Although it is true that a small subset of children with bronchiolitis may have reversible airway obstruction resulting from smooth muscle constriction, attempts to define[doi.org]

  • Status Asthmaticus

    For severe ventilation-refractory hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis, ECMO was used initially and was later replaced by a pECLA device.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Classical signs of consolidation such as egophony, rales, whispered pectoriloquy, dullness to percussion or bronchial breath sounds might be heard.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treatment goals • Reverse airway obstruction • Correct Hypoxemia • Prevent or treat complications like pneumothorax and respiratory arrest 4. Etiology 5.[de.slideshare.net]

  • Toxic Effect of Chlorine Gas

    Monitor arterial blood gases, treat hyperchloraemic acidosis. Patients with pre-existing respiratory disease: assess and consider admission for at least 24 hours.[inchem.org] Clinical signs including hypoxemia, wheezes, rales, and abnormal chest radiographs may be present.[aoemj.biomedcentral.com] On subsequent follow up examination, she remained symptomatic with severe reversible airway obstruction.[ispub.com]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    There may be hypoxemia and in advanced stages, respiratory acidosis. Imaging Features of cystic fibrosis can be identified on imaging.[symptoma.com] 0.0 [0.0, 0.0] 13.8 Pharyngolaryngeal pain 1 Risk Ratio (M‐H, Fixed, 95% CI) 0.0 [0.0, 0.0] 13.9 Productive cough 1 Risk Ratio (M‐H, Fixed, 95% CI) 0.0 [0.0, 0.0] 13.10 Rales[doi.org] Regular aerobic exercise is recommended; it may also help airway clearance. For patients with reversible airway obstruction, bronchodilators may be given by inhalation.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Pneumoconiosis

    Correction of the underlying respiratory acidosis was not sufficient to control the rapid ventricular response.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] result of long-term exposure. (2,4,5,7,8) The clinical profile of giant cell pneumonia includes dyspnea on exertion, hypoxemia, cough, weight loss, fatigue, wheezing and rales[scielo.br] Farming and the prevalence of non-reversible airways obstruction: results from a population-based study. Am J Ind Med 50:421-426 17497693.[ehp.niehs.nih.gov]

  • Inhalation Burn

    His ABG result demonstrates a severe metabolic and respiratory acidosis.[derangedphysiology.com] Note rhonchi, rales, wheeze and use of accessory muscles of respiration. Facial burns show nearness to the fire. Other burns demonstrate an inability to escape.[patient.info] […] intubation include protection of the airway against acute airway obstruction, facilitation of airway toileting, and oxygen delivery to reverse carbon monoxide and cyanide[woundsresearch.com]

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