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77 Possible Causes for Rales, Reversible Airway Obstruction, Severe Hypoxemia

  • Asthma

    More severe hypoxemia and the need for higher concentrations of supplemental oxygen may relate to some contribution of shunt physiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bilateral crepitant rales and sibilant rhochi were also detected. In his thoracic computerized tomography, the ground glass areas were noted in both lungs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Asthma is a relatively common condition that is characterized by at least partially reversible inflammation of the airways and reversible airway obstruction due to airway[radiopaedia.org]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    […] in the severe hypoxemia study.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chest auscultation revealed decreased breath sounds without rales.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Out of all respiratory diseases COPD is the leading cause of death and is characterized with diffuse non-reversible airway obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    The findings show that AB-CHMINACA induced rapid progression of pulmonary edema resulting in hypoxic encephalopathy and systemic hypoxemia, possibly through severe seizures[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, the patient developed pink frothy sputum with diffuse bilateral rales 30 min later after transported to surgical intensive care unit (SICU).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Emphysema

    A CBC may exclude anemia as a contributor to dyspnea, and in severely affected patients, may occasionally reveal polycythemia associated with hypoxemia.[clinicaladvisor.com] When bronchitis is present, the rales peculiar to that affection are noticed. There is a pronounced accentuation of the pulmonary second sound. Diagnosis .[henriettes-herb.com] Eventually, the small airways in the lung become narrowed and destroyed. Asthma is also characterized by airflow obstruction.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Bronchiolitis

    Hypoxemia is the rule in more severely affected infants. Dehydration may develop from vomiting and decreased oral intake.[merckmanuals.com] On days 3 to 5, the following symptoms develop: tachypnea, wheezing, rales, and signs of respiratory distress (eg, grunting, nasal flaring, inter-/subcostal retractions).[mdedge.com] Although it is true that a small subset of children with bronchiolitis may have reversible airway obstruction resulting from smooth muscle constriction, attempts to define[doi.org]

  • Byssinosis

    Severe hypoxemia in farmer's lung disease with normal findings on chest roentgenogram. Chest. 1987 Feb. 91(2):274-5. [Medline]. Monkare S, Ikonen M, Haahtela T.[emedicine.medscape.com] They are reversible in the early stages, but prolonged exposure results in chronic airway obstruction, bronchitis, and emphysema with fibrosis, leading to respiratory failure[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Treatment Therapy for early-stage byssinosis focuses on reversing airway narrowing. Antihistamines may be prescribed to reduce tightness in the chest.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Status Asthmaticus

    On arterial blood gas analysis after 100% oxygen inhalation, severe hypoxemia and respiratory acidosis were found (pH 7.198, PCO 2 61.8mmHg, PaO 2 26.4mmHg, O 2 Saturation[degruyter.com] Classical signs of consolidation such as egophony, rales, whispered pectoriloquy, dullness to percussion or bronchial breath sounds might be heard.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treatment goals • Reverse airway obstruction • Correct Hypoxemia • Prevent or treat complications like pneumothorax and respiratory arrest 4. Etiology 5.[slideshare.net]

  • Cardiac Asthma

    When the symptoms are severe enough it can lead to hypoxemia or too little oxygen in the blood.[verywellhealth.com] Obviously with a longer transport time i would hopefully had been able to hear the fine basilar rales after the treatment, but for the future i want a stronger tool set to[emtlife.com] While asthma is a reversible airway obstruction, COPD is irreversible. Sudden exposure to cold, humidity and pollution can precipitate asthma in susceptible individuals.[thehindu.com]

  • Heart Failure

    It is important to close a patent foramen before LVAD support because significant right-to-left shunting may occur postoperatively, leading to severe hypoxemia under certain[doi.org] […] because of an inherited or acquired abnormality of cardiac structure and/or function, develop a constellation of clinical symptoms (dyspnea and fatigue) and signs (edema and rales[web.archive.org] Patients with asthma and reversible airway obstruction were excluded from the trials of beta blockers in heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    It is important to close a patent foramen before LVAD support because significant right-to-left shunting may occur postoperatively, leading to severe hypoxemia under certain[doi.org] No rales were detected because of its paucity of fibrous components in the lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with asthma and reversible airway obstruction were excluded from the trials of beta blockers in heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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