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17 Possible Causes for Rales, Sacral Edema

  • Hyponatremia

    Signs of hypervolaemia - pulmonary rales, S3 gallop (third heart sound), jugular venous distention, peripheral oedema, ascites.[patient.info] edema, the presence of a postural drop (helpful in Dr.[emergencymedicinecases.com] […] difficult to assess with any accuracy at the bedside, a clinical assessment with attention to the patient’s history, heart rate, blood pressure, JVP, the presence of pedal and sacral[emergencymedicinecases.com]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    No rales were detected because of its paucity of fibrous components in the lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Peripheral edema: Edema develops in the feet in ambulatory patients and sacral edema in bed bound patients.[symptoma.com] sacral region in bedridden patients.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Heart Failure

    […] because of an inherited or acquired abnormality of cardiac structure and/or function, develop a constellation of clinical symptoms (dyspnea and fatigue) and signs (edema and rales[web.archive.org] Peripheral edemas ( ankle, lower leg, in patients confined to bed also sacral anasarca, pleural effusion, ascites, weight gain) 7.2 Causal diagnostics Coronary artery disease[flexikon.doccheck.com] Major criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema[web.archive.org]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    Patients with high output heart failure present with dyspnea, tachypnea, non-productive cough, fatigability, pulmonary rales, pleural effusion and peripheral edema, as a result[symptoma.com] sacral region in bedridden patients.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] A chest examination detected no rales.[circheartfailure.ahajournals.org]

  • Acute Massive Pulmonary Embolism

    Lung exam is often normal but may reveal rales or decreased breath sounds.[uscjournal.com] , sacral edema Nocturia * At least 1 of the following.[acc.org] […] disturbance Right-bundle branch block Atrial arrhythmia (fibrillation or flutter) RV failure Chronic dyspnea (exertional or rest) Ascites / congestive hepatopathy Peripheral edema[acc.org]

  • Ascites

    Approximately 1,500 mL of fluid must be present to detect dullness. 205 In supine patients, sacral edema is an important clue.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Listen for rales in lower lung lobes, tachypnea and pitting edema in legs.[medictests.com] As a result, there will be peripheral edema, swelling in foot and ankle in people who are mostly standing and sacral edema in people who are lying down.[newhealthadvisor.com] , sacral edema, ascites and/or anasarca Various manifestations of increased hydrostatic venous pressures Hepatosplenomegaly ( /- right upper quadrant pain) Portal and splenic[pathophys.org]

  • Right-Sided Heart Failure

    Cardiopulmonary auscultation revealed a grade 5 systolic murmur at the apical area with axillary irradiation and discrete bilateral lung rales.[austinpublishinggroup.com] sacral region in bedridden patients.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] This increased pressure forces fluid out of the intravascular compartment and into the tissue spaces of the lungs, causing pulmonary edema.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Anasarca

    Physical examination usually reveals wet rales, possible diastolic gallop (S3), and heart murmurs. Cardiac and renal disease are common causes of pulmonary edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] who are standing up, and sacral edema in people who are predominantly lying down).[diki.pl] Respiratory examination showed bilateral basal rales and decreased air entry at the bases. Her abdomen was tender with evidence of tense ascites.[karger.com]

  • Libman-Sacks Disease

    Tachypnea and cyanosis Pulse (plateau pulse, low-volume pulse, pulsus alternans) Jugular venous distension Displaced apex beat Third and/or fourth heart sounds Pulmonary rales[odlarmed.com] Admitted for resting dyspnea and marked bloody sputum; at exploration she presented tachypnea, increased central venous pressure, bilateral rales up to the middle lung field[revespcardiol.org] […] and peripheral edema A focal neurological deficit secondary to embolic phenomena or thrombosis with or without the antiphospholipid syndrome might be noted.[odlarmed.com]

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