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151 Possible Causes for Rales, T Cell Activation Increased, X-Ray Abnormal

  • Asthma

    There are increased numbers of activated eosinophils, CD25-positive T lymphocytes, and immature macrophages with the phenotypic characteristics of blood monocytes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (a) The chest x-ray shows an abnormal distension of the fundus of the stomach.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bilateral crepitant rales and sibilant rhochi were also detected. In his thoracic computerized tomography, the ground glass areas were noted in both lungs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Chest auscultation revealed decreased breath sounds without rales.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cytokines are secreted from the stimulated Tcells to further increase immune activity.[doi.org] Chest CT may reveal abnormalities that are not apparent on the chest x-ray and may also suggest coexisting or complicating disorders, such as pneumonia, pneumoconiosis, or[merckmanuals.com]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    […] inflammatory markers such as CRP and IL-18, enhances the cytotoxic T-cell activity, and increases the immune stimulation by reducing the expression of T-cells implicated[care.diabetesjournals.org] This patient had a clear history of carbon monoxide poisoning, acute respiratory distress, bilateral lung dry and moist rale, chest X-ray showed bilateral pulmonary edema,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (RALES and EMPHASIS-HF) and of renal function degradation (EMPHASIS-HF).[doi.org]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Examination of the lungs may reveal bilateral rales. Rales may not be present despite widespread involvement.[emedicine.medscape.com] Role of T and B Cells in ARDS After APC activation, the cells recruit circulating T and B cells to cause inflammatory cascades.[mdpi.com] Chest X-rays showed abnormalities in 60–100% of the patients [ 16 ].[em-consulte.com]

  • Pleurisy

    […] of autologous T cells.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abnormalities may be detected through an X-ray if there are other causes of the pleuritic pain.[newsmax.com] A preliminary physical examination to determine restriction to chest movements, pleural rub, breath sounds, rales, and egophony, third heart sound (S3), blood pressure, pulse[symptoma.com]

  • Bacterial Pneumonia

    […] called resident memory T (TRM) cells.[news-medical.net] A chest X-ray can help identify which part of the patient's lung is infected. An X-ray also can show abnormal fluid collections which also can help diagnose pneumonia.[emedicinehealth.com] S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae (consolidation, no rales) * What types are typically bronchopneumonia?[quizlet.com]

  • Secondary Pulmonary Interstitial Fibrosis

    Increase of activated T-cells in BAL fluid of Japanese patients with bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia and chronic eosinophilic pneumonia.[appliedradiology.com] If there are risk factors for ILD or abnormal X-ray findings, your doctor will likely perform a high resolution CT.[arthritis.org] Bibasilar inspiratory crackles or rales are usually heard on auscultation. Treatment is based on the underlying cause.[amboss.com]

  • Pulmonary Fibrosis

    PubMed Google Scholar Kotani I, Sato A, Hayakawa H, Urano T, Takada Y, Takada A: Increased procoagulant and antifibrinolytic activities in the lungs with idiopathic pulmonary[respiratory-research.biomedcentral.com] After detection of lung fibrosis in chest X-ray, he was put on the antioxidant and immunosuppressive therapy, but expired almost 20 h after admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Crackles (also called “rales”) sound like Velcro being pulled apart.[pulmonaryfibrosis.org]

  • Pulmonary Tuberculosis

    CONCLUSIONS T2D has important impacts on regulating anti-TB immunity by increasing Th2 and Th17 cell differentiation, but reducing the activity of CD8 T cells.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Radiographic features Chest X-ray abnormalities are nearly always found. However in the presence of HIV infection, a normal X-ray is more common.[southsudanmedicaljournal.com] On examination he is thin, appears comfortable, and has faint rales in the right middle lung zone. Figure 1.[mdedge.com]

  • Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia

    Two-color analysis of T-cell subsets revealed that CD3 HLA-DR cells (activated T cell) in BALF of patients with BOOP and CEP increased significantly compared with volunteers[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Complete resolution of symptoms and x-ray abnormalities occurs within 14 days in most patients and by 1 mo in almost all.[merckmanuals.com] Physical examination revealed bilaterally decreased breath sounds and extensive rales.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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