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79 Possible Causes for Rales, Tuberculous Pericarditis

  • Pulmonary Tuberculosis

    On examination he is thin, appears comfortable, and has faint rales in the right middle lung zone. Figure 1.[] Pericardium : In tuberculous pericarditis, the pericardium thickens and sometimes leaks fluid into the space between the pericardium and the heart.[] Rales or crackles may be heard in the area of involvement and bronchial breathing indicating consolidation.[]

  • Tuberculosis

    Adjunctive corticosteroids may be beneficial in patients with tuberculous meningitis, tuberculous pericarditis, or miliary tuberculosis with refractory hypoxemia.[] Symptoms suggestive of TB include [1] : Productive cough last longer than 3 weeks Weight Loss Fever Night sweats Fatigue Malaise Anorexia Rales could be heard in the lobes[] Tuberculous pericarditis. JAMA. 1991; 266 :199–203. doi: 10.1001/jama.266.1.99. [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ] Kapoor OP, Marcarenhas E, Rananaware MM, Gadgil RK.[]

  • Pulmonary Cavitary Tuberculosis

    The addition of corticosteroids is recommended for patients with tuberculous pericarditis and tuberculous meningitis.[] Cardiac Tuberculosis: The pericardium is the usual site for tuberculous infection of heart. The result is a granulomatous pericarditis that can be hemorrhagic.[] Corticosteroids are recommended as adjunctive therapy for tuberculous pericarditis during the first 11 weeks of antituberculosis therapy.[]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    Abstract Diagnosis of tuberculous pericarditis remains a challenge.[] There are, however, limited resources available for making a definitive diagnosis of tuberculous pericarditis. The diagnosis is largely based on clinical criteria.[] By contrast, tuberculous pericarditis accounts for only 4% of cases in developed countries [3].[]

  • Pleurisy

    (see Table 3 ) Tuberculous pleuritis Exposure to environment with high risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Cough, low-grade fever, weight loss, fatigue Human immunodeficiency[] A preliminary physical examination to determine restriction to chest movements, pleural rub, breath sounds, rales, and egophony, third heart sound (S3), blood pressure, pulse[] Auscultation gives crepitant and sub-crepitant rales, and later bronchial breathing and no friction sound; and, lastly, there will be no displacement of neighboring organs[]

  • Melioidosis

    Comparison of Melioidosis and Tuberculous Pericarditis Table 1.[] Pulmonary auscultation revealed a vesicular murmur, snoring sounds, and the presence of basal crackling rales in the left hemithorax.[] Pulmonary signs may be absent or may include rales, rhonchi, and pleural rubs.[]

  • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

    Tuberculous pericarditis. Circulation 112, 3608–3616 (2005). 149. Kuroda, H. et al.[] On admission, jugular venous distention to the angle of the jaw, bilateral basilar rales and trace peripheral edema.[] Orthopnea 22 Chest pain 22 NYHA functional class I 19 II 53 III–IV 28 Physical examination finding Jugular venous distension 52 Systolic murmur 49 Third heart sound 27 Pulmonary rales[]

  • Ascites

    Exudative ascites (Serum Albumin - Ascites Albumin Neoplastic diseases involving the peritoneum: Peritoneal carcinomatosis, Lymphomatous disorders Tuberculous peritonitis[] Due to infections Nephrotic syndrome Meig's ovarian tumor syndrome Constrictive pericarditis Inferior vena cava obstruction Viral hepatitis with submassive or massive hepatic[]

  • Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis

    Fluoroquinolones are a key component of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment. We describe the first reported case of probable levofloxacin-associated intracranial hypertension in a 6-year-old girl with pulmonary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. The case highlights the potential risk of secondary intracranial[…][]

  • Pericarditis

    Auscultation of the heart revealed distant heart sounds, murmurs were not present, but mild rales were heard over both lung bases. Jugular veins were congested.[] However, it takes a period of time from tuberculous pericarditis to constrictive pericarditis.[] All patients had low CD4 cell count (range: 17-239 cells/mm3) and 50% of patients were treated for tuberculous pericarditis prior to making the correct diagnosis of Nocardia[]

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