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214 Possible Causes for Rapidly Progressive Dementia

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Rapidly progressive dementias (RPDs) are dementias that progress quickly, typically over the course of weeks to months, but sometimes up to two to three years.[memory.ucsf.edu] In the final stage of the disease, all patients presented rapidly progressive dementia and myoclonus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is clinically characterized by rapidly progressive dementia combined with other cardinal symptoms, such as myoclonus, visual or cerebellar[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Malignant Angioendotheliomatosis

    An 87-year-old male presented with rapidly progressive dementia, disorder of consciousness and myoclonus, suggesting Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, but with nonspecific EEG and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] progressive dementia M.[myslide.es] Entities which promotes multifocal brain lesions associated with a rapidly progressive dementia should be considered as a differential diagnosis (e.g. stroke, primary angiitis[radiopaedia.org]

  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency

    Rapidly progressive neurodegenerative dementias. Archives of Neurology, 66, 201 – 207. Kado, D. M. et al. ( 2005 ).[doi.org] The prevalence of dementia: a quantitative integration of the literature. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 76, 465 – 479. Josephs, K. A. et al. ( 2009 ).[doi.org]

  • Insomnia

    We report here a Chinese case of FFI with a D178N/Met129 genotype of the PRNP gene, who exhibited rapidly progressive dementia combined with behavioral disturbances and paroxysmal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSIONS: This case is a compelling example that even with evidence of leukoencephalopathy, prion disease should be an important differential diagnosis of rapidly progressive[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] dementia and related diseases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Orthostatic Hypotension

    progressive dementia, although patients may present with neurologic dysfunction without dementia diagnosis requires a pathological examination treatment with intravenous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] with a diagnosis of lymphomatosis cerebri lymphomatosis cerebri is a primary CNS lymphoma variant that is poorly recognized and often misdiagnosed it commonly presents as a rapidly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    Abstract Favorites PDF Get Content & Permissions Rapidly Progressive Dementia in the Outpatient Clinic: More Than Prions Day, Gregory S.; Musiek, Erik S.; Morris, John C.[journals.lww.com] Papageorgiou, Theodoros Kontaxis, Anastasios Bonakis, Georgios Karahalios, Nikolaos Kalfakis and Demetrios Vassilopoulos, Rapidly Progressive Dementia, Alzheimer Disease &[dx.doi.org]

  • Delirium

    progressive dementia, or seizure.[ 1 ] Neuroimaging, lumbar puncture, and electroencephalogram should be considered in these situations.[bcmj.org] Distinguishing delirium from dementia Delirium Dementia Onset Acute or subacute Insidious Course Fluctuating, usually revolves over days to weeks Progressive Conscious level[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Worsening severity or a prolonged course should prompt a repeat workup for ongoing medical instability, new precipitants, or less common causes of delirium such as encephalitis, rapidly[bcmj.org]

  • Prion Disease

    Although prion diseases are generally thought to present as rapidly progressive dementias with survival of only a few months, the phenotypic spectrum for genetic prion diseases[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSIONS: Each of these prion diseases is characterized by a rapidly progressive dementia with myoclonus, periodic complexes on EEG, and spongiform change without PrP plaque[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Importance: Early and accurate in vivo diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is necessary for quickly distinguishing treatable from untreatable rapidly progressive[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Stroke

    The EEG provides valuable information on the investigation of patients with signs of acute cerebral suffering, rapidly progressive dementia, toxic-metabolic encephalopathy[scielo.br]

  • Dementia

    dementias quickly because they can be both rapidly progressive and readily treatable.[doi.org] CSF examination may occasionally be helpful if Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease or other forms of rapidly progressive dementia are suspected [ 7 ].[patient.info] Schielke E, Nolte C, Muller W, Bruck W: Sarcoidosis presenting as rapidly progressive dementia: clinical and neuropathological evaluation. J Neurol 2001, 248: 522–524.[doi.org]

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