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85 Possible Causes for Recurrent Infection, Unresolved Pneumonia

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

    A 62-year-old man was diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection while suffering from recurrent herpes zoster infection.[] […] notably M. avium), cerebral toxoplasmosis, recurrent pneumonias and severe infections by Salmonella spp.[] The clinical manifestations were failure to thrive; 9 children, persistent gastroenteritis; 8, recurrent fever; 5, bacterial infections; 5, hepatosplenomegaly; 5, candidiasis[]

  • Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia

    infections and development of bronchiectasis with daily physiotherapy.[] As a result, patients have lifelong chronic and recurrent infections, typically suffering from bronchitis, pneumonia, hemoptysis, sinusitis, and infertility.[] Primary ciliary dyskinesia is a genetic disorder in which impaired development and function of cilia leads to recurrent respiratory infections, hearing deficits and congenital[]

  • Severe Combined Immunodeficiency

    A 15-month-old boy presented with failure to thrive, neutropenia and recurrent infections. He was diagnosed with T-B-NK SCID.[] Affected infants are born with profound abnormalities of immune cell function that lead to severe and recurrent infection that are almost always fatal in the first year of[] The patient suffered from early-onset and recurrent infections, but showed normal growth and development without signs of failure to thrive, thus presenting as leaky SCID.[]

  • Bronchiectasis

    […] and unresolved pneumonia, and CD4 T-cell counts 100 cells per cubic millimeter.[] Evaluation of underlying etiology is important in managing young bronchiectasis patients with recurrent infections caused by unusual pathogens.[] , foreign body, bronchial carcinoid, unresolved right middle lobe pneumonia, and primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD).[]

  • Kartagener Syndrome

    Surgical care [ 14 ] Tympanostomy tubes will reduce recurrent infections and conductive hearing loss.[] Conductive hearing loss and recurrent infections can be reduced with tympanostomy tubes.[] Bronchiectasis are caused by recurrent infection and inflammation of the airways. HRCT of the lung is used to demonstrate and assess the severity of bronchiectasis.[]

  • Adenosine Deaminase Deficiency

    At 3 years of age, she developed chronic and recurrent sinopulmonary infections, and at 4 1/2 years of age she had one major infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae (bacteremia[] infections.[] One child presented with severe immunodeficiency and recurrent infections that led to the diagnosis of severe combined immunodeficiency and ADA deficiency at 7 months of age[]

  • Hodgkin's Disease

    In this patient the stimulation of an immune response by the acute viral infection mimics recurrent lymphoma.[] Other symptoms may include: recurrent fevers excessive sweating at night unintentional weight loss persistent fatigue and lack of energy generalised itching or a rash.[] We report a case where acute varicella infection, chickenpox, mimics the findings of recurrent Hodgkin disease on F-18 FDG PET/CT.[]

  • Middle Lobe Syndrome

    CONCLUSION: MLS is more common in females, and recurrent infections, chronic productive cough and dyspnea were the most common symptoms.[] If however, this area becomes the site of recurrent infection, the RML may eventually have to be removed.[] Most patients presented with recurrent respiratory infection 15/17 (88.2%). The lag time before referral to surgery ranged from 3 to 48 months, mean 17.59 13.1 months.[]

  • Unresolved Pneumonia

    Of these lesions a significant number are described by pathologists as 'unresolved pneumonia'.[] Chronic and recurrent pneumonia. Semin Respir Infect. 1992;7(4):282-288. Christ-Crain M, Müller B. Procalcitonin and pneumonia: is it a useful marker?[] We report an unusual case of unresolved pneumonia in a 59 yr old woman due to endobronchial lipoma and actinomycosis, two rare diseases that have never been described before[]

  • Foreign Body in the Bronchus

    infection if retrieval is delayed Epidemilogy usually presents after 6 months of age Risk factors include institutionalization advanced age poor dentition alcohol sedative[] Sometimes patient may not have any symptoms or may present with recurrent chest infections only, without a known history of FB aspiration, resulting in a delayed diagnosis[] The boy presented with recurrent lower respiratory tract infection which was not responding to conservative management.[]

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