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20 Possible Causes for Redundant Mitral Valve Leaflets

  • Mitral Valve Prolapse

    Thickened ( 5 mm), redundant mitral valve leaflets are thought to indicate more extensive myxomatous degeneration and greater risk of endocarditis and mitral regurgitation[] Two groups of patients were compared: those with thickening of the mitral-valve leaflets and redundancy (designated the classic form; n 319) and those without leaflet thickening[] Diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse is suggested clinically and confirmed by echocardiography.[]

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    In people with particularly large redundant mitral valves, anterior leaflet plication may be added to complete separation of the mitral valve and outflow.[]

  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency

    Click followed by blowing murmur Abnormalities of leaflets in mitral valve regurgitation Shortened - RHD Redundant - myxomatous, prolapse Defective - endocarditis What is[] In mitral valve prolapse, the mitral apparatus (valve leaflets and chordae) becomes affected by a process called myxomatous degeneration.[] In this condition, the middle layer of the valve leaflets become thickened, frequently causing leaflet redundancy, which makes it difficult for them to coapt properly.[]

  • Mitral Valve Disease

    valve disease: Two forms of mitral valve disease have been described: In the more common, classic form, there are thickened and redundant myxomatous mitral leaflets resulting[] In mitral valve prolapse, the mitral apparatus (valve leaflets and chordae) becomes affected by a process called myxomatous degeneration.[] Criley et al. 2 correctly identified the mechanism of the regurgitation as posterior leaflet prolapse due to excess leaflet motion, coining the phrase "mitral valve prolapse[]

  • Infective Endocarditis

    Having valvular redundancy and thickened leaflets may increase the risk of IE [ 103 ].[] The combination of mitral valve prolapse and men older than 45 years also may increase the risk of IE [ 110 ].[]

  • Familial Mitral Valve Prolapse

    Mitral valve prolapse. A. A view of the mitral valve (left) from the left atrium shows redundant and deformed leaflets, which ...[] NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Definition (NCI) A fairly common and often benign valvular heart disorder characterized by redundancy or hooding of mitral valve[] More often, however, a primary disorder of the mitral valve leaflets exists, with specific pathologic changes causing redundancy of the valve leaflets and their prolapse into[]

  • Right-Sided Bacterial Endocarditis

    redundant leaflet tissue in mitral valve repair procedures.[] Valve reconstruction after excision of one half to three quarters of the anterior tricuspid leaflet can be considerably more complex than reconstruction after excision of[]

  • Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis

    Congenital anomalies of the mitral valve: Attachment to ventricular septum of accessory chordae from anterior mitral leaflet Redundant AV valve tissue causing subaortic obstruction[]

  • Myxoid Transformation of the Mitral Valve

    For reasons not fully understood (there is no evident disease process) there is redundant tissue on one or both leaflets of the valve.[] valve is pushed back into the left atrium during ventricular contraction.[] […] damage. mitral [ mi tral ] 1. shaped like a miter (tall pointed hat worn by Roman Catholic bishops). mitral valve prolapse (MVP) a condition in which some portion of the mitral[]

  • S3 Gallop

    Clicks in mitral or tricuspid valve prolapse, typically occurring in mid to late systole, are thought to result from abnormal tension on redundant and elongated chordae tendineae[] […] or valve leaflets.[]

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