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629 Possible Causes for Retinal Folds

  • Secondary Polyarteritis nodosa

    (D) Left eye with normal aspect of the optic disk with retinal and macular folds. Figure 2 .[] (B) Left eye with optic nerve hyperemia, swollen, retinal folds, dilated veins, and arteries. (C) Right eye with normal appearance of the optic nerve and macula.[] Direct ophthalmoscopy of the right fundus revealed no abnormalities, while the left eye had retinal folds involving the macula; however, the optic disk appeared normal.[]

  • Glutaric Aciduria

    A retinal photograph of a victim of shaking/impact syndrome showing diffuse, multilayered retinal hemorrhages and a retinal fold. -----------------------------------------[] The presence of retinal folds and retinoschisis is also strongly suggestive (Fig. 3). Retinal photography is valuable for documentation and review. FIG. 3.[]

  • Hydrochlorothiazide

    folds, and conjunctival chemosis.[] […] complete ophthalmologic examination revealed bilateral myopic shift, intraocular pressure elevation, shallowing of the anterior chambers, choroidal effusions, radiating retinal[]

  • Optic Neuropathy

    We hypothesized that the edema/swelling in the retina due to acute nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) can induce retinal folds (RF).[] (D) Left eye with normal aspect of the optic disk with retinal and macular folds. Figure 2 .[] Papilloedema may leave retinal folds and glistening bodies in the optic nerve head.[]

  • Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection

    […] and retinal folding ( arrowheads , vacuolization of photoreceptor layer) ( C ) in the rabbit's right eye subjected to SC and IV inoculation with CT (SC IV group).[] […] inflammation L R R 17 (85%) Retinal folding – – – – – – – 6 (30%) Chorioretinal lesions – – – – – 10 (50%) DFA detection of C. trachomatis antigen Conjunctiva 20 (100%) Vitreous[] Severe destruction of vitreous body ( arrowhead ) and exudative retinal detachment ( asterisk ) ( A ), vasculitis ( asterisk , nerve fiber layer; arrow , vasculitis) ( B )[]

  • Aplasia Cutis Congenita

    folds.[] The association of bilateral retinal folds and brain abnormalities with scalp defects and terminal limb defects has only once been previously described.[] Abstract We describe a son of consanguineous parents with congenital scalp defects, transverse limb abnormalities, hypoplasia of the corpus callosum and bilateral falciform retinal[]

  • Ciliary Body Melanoma

    The outer retinal layers are elevated in a distinct retinal fold with detachment of the central cones (D).[] Separation of the posterior vitreous face and the inner limiting membrane with accumulation of an exudate in the resulting space, petaloid folding of the inner retinal layers[] The vertical retinal fold seen in Figure 1 was found running through the foveola and caused elevation of the outer retinal layers with separation of the cones in the center[]

  • Trisomy 18

    Retinal folds are the most common ocular finding described to date, although retinal hypopigmentation, dysplasia, and areas of hemorrhage and gliosis are also found in trisomy[]

  • Osteoporosis-Pseudoglioma Syndrome

    Retinal blood vessels are always found at the ridge of falciform folds from peripheral fibrovascular contraction.[] Ophthalmology assessment detected retinal folds and myopia (0.56 on the LogMAR scale).[] Part A of their Figure shows a falciform retinal fold extending temporally from the optic disc rather than a fibrotic band.[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy

    folds, optic disc dragging, and retinal detachment.[] FEVR results in fibrovascular proliferation causing retinal folds, temporal dragging of the macula, and tractional retinal detachments.[] ., falciform retinal folds and dragged macula with retrolental fibrous tissues. The phenotype was different from typical symptoms of ND.[]

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