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12 Possible Causes for Retinal Lipid Deposits, Tendon Xanthomas

  • Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    The case presented here is of a 48-year old male with large tendon xanthomas attributable to CTX.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The effect of LDLc lowering with PCSK9 antibodies on tendon xanthomas (TX) is unknown.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Achilles tendon xanthomas are rarely seen masses that are highly associated with hyperlipidemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypercholesterolemia

    Xanthomas are noted commonly on the Achilles tendons and metacarpal phalangeal extensor tendons of the hands.[emedicine.medscape.com] Atherosclerosis. 2007, 193 (2): 235-240. 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2006.08.060 View Article PubMed Google Scholar Crispin S: Ocular lipid deposition and hyperlipoproteinaemia[doi.org] Achilles tendon thickening is the early characteristic of Achilles tendon xanthomas.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Familial Hyperlipidemia

    His physical exam is normal and there is no tendon xanthomas or corneal arcus. Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is suspected.[knowledge.statpearls.com] Image of tendon xanthoma, a pathognomonic physical examination finding in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia. Figure.[jaoa.org] Hypercholesterolemic individuals with FCH never have tendon xanthomas unless they have dysbetalipoproteinemia, whereas xanthomas are commonly observed in FH individuals.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Familial Combined Hyperlipidemia

    The mother of the proband and two of her relatives had type IIa lipoprotein patterns and tendon xanthomas, compatible with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Image of tendon xanthoma, a pathognomonic physical examination finding in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia. Figure.[jaoa.org] The most specific indicator of FH is the presence of tendon xanthomas, particularly of the Achilles tendons ( Figure 1 ).[ 2 ] Tendon xanthomas, however, are not a strict[bcmj.org]

  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type 5

    Clinical findings: Tendon xanthomas, Xanthelasma, premature coronary artery disease and stroke.[medicowesome.com] Postmortem examination showed hemorrhages in the inner retinal layers and lipid deposits largely in the outer plexiform layer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Simon-Broome and Dutch criteria utilize lipid profiles, history of premature CVD, and physical examination findings such as tendon xanthomas from both the patient and family[acc.org]

  • Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    The condition is characterized by exceptionally high LDL cholesterol levels, cutaneous and tendon xanthomas, and valvular and supravalvular stenosis, and accelerated atherosclerosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lipids Health Dis 2008;10:7:7. 5. Crispin S. Ocular lipid deposition and hyperlipoproteinaemia. Prog Retin Eye Res 2002;21:169-224. [ PUBMED ] 6.[ijo.in] Xanthomas The high cholesterol level may result in the build-up of cholesterol deposits in the skin and tendons as well – xanthomas.[aoporphan.com]

  • Hyperlipoproteinemia

    Achilles tendon xanthomas are often associated with type II hyperlipoproteinemia, in which low-density lipoprotein derived from the circulation accumulates in the tendons.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lipid deposits in and around the eyelid lead to the formation of yellow, raised lesions called xanthelasmas.[symptoma.com] Abstract We describe an adult patient with type IIa hyperlipoproteinemia, presenting with Achilles tendon xanthomas, cataracts, dementia, ataxia, pyramidal tract signs, and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Arcus Senilis

    1 Familial hypercholesterolemia: xanthelesma, arcus corneae and tendon xanthomas. ( 28340211 ) 2017 2 Corneal Biomechanical Properties in Patients With Arcus Senilis. ( 27124777[malacards.org] Atherosclerosis. 2007, 193 (2): 235-240. 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2006.08.060 View Article PubMed Google Scholar Crispin S: Ocular lipid deposition and hyperlipoproteinaemia[dx.doi.org] Ocular lipid deposition and hyperlipoproteinaemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Lipidosis

    Tendon xanthoma Triglyceride storage disease with ichthyosis Xanthoma tendinosum 272.7 Excludes Applies To Chemically induced lipidosis Disease: Anderson's Fabry's Gaucher's[icd9data.com] […] storage disorders Results for Retinal dystrophy in cerebroretinal lipidosis and additional synonyms E75.6 Lipid storage disorder, unspecified Synonyms: Abnormal lipid deposits[averbis.com] Xanthoma of the tendons and lungs were also present but serum cholesterol levels were within normal limits.[whonamedit.com]

  • Arcus Juvenilis

    Patients heterozygous for familial hypercholesterolemia tend to develop arcus juvenilis and tendon xanthomas by second decade of life.[indianpediatrics.net] deposits in retinal arteries; dry eye syndrome; development of cataracts, including secondary cataracts; photophobia, problems with glare and a decrease in the sensitivity[google.com] […] and tuberous xanthomas, arcus juvenilis ( the graying of the eye often characterized in older individuals ), arterial bruits, claudication, and of course atherosclerosis.[eng.ichacha.net]

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