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384 Possible Causes for Retinal Pigmentation, Retinal Scar

  • Retinopathy

    Preservation of the ellipsoid zone, wave-guiding cones, and retinal sensitivity within hypoautofluorescent lesions suggest that these retinal pigment epithelium changes have[] The scarring and bleeding can lead to retinal scarring or detachment from the back of the eye, resulting in vision loss. Why is retinopathy of prematurity a concern?[] They are associated with intraretinal hemorrhages, intra- or subretinal exudates and hyperpigmentation of the retinal pigment epithelium.[]

  • Retinal Laser Treatment

    […] selectively targeted, hence the term selective retinal pigment epithelium laser therapy (SRT).[] While conventional laser is an effective treatment, the retinal burns, result in permanent and often progressive retinal scarring, and can cause visual loss.[] scarring.[]

  • Retinitis Pigmentosa

    Areas within the hyperautofluorescence patterns exhibited normal photoreceptor outer segments and retinal pigment epithelium.[] Optical coherence tomography showed a large hemorrhagic retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) detachment and polypoidal lesions.[] (L368Efs*4) variants in SPATA7 manifest as an unusual RP phenotype in this case, showing extensive choroidal sclerosis and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) atrophy with evidence[]

  • Best Disease

    retinal pigment epithelium and photoreceptors.[] An eye from a Best disease donor with a T6R mutation was found to have deposits containing lipid and glycoconjugates within the central retinal scar.[] Although treating new blood vessels may not lead to a great improvement in sight, it often helps to prevent further retinal damage from bleeding and scar tissue formation.[]

  • Retinal Perforation

    Three months after the onset of inflammation, retinal pigment epithelial depigmentation was noted around the site of perforation and the right macula.[] Similarly, in some people with retinal lesions such as lattice retinal degeneration or chorio-retinal scars, the vitreous membrane may be abnormally adherent to the retina[] […] epithelium; and subcellular “glue” components of the retinal pigment epithelium.[]

  • Retinitis

    "Retinal tissue", the layers in the back of the eye, consists of neural retina and retinal pigment epithelium.[] Two patients were not treated (patients 1 and 8), one of whom (patient 8) had received an autologous transplant and was diagnosed with atrophic retinal scarring compatible[] Of these cases, up to 40% are bilateral. 104 The diagnosis of ocular toxoplasmosis is based on characteristic retinal scars, supported by serologic antibody tests such as[]

  • Retinal Detachment

    Peripheral retinal pigment epithelium tear-associated retinal detachment can be seen in patients with pachychoroid spectrum disease.[] Four cases had a history of retinal degeneration (2 eyes) or preexisting retinal scars (2 eyes) at the area of RD, three of which underwent argon laser coagulation prior to[] pigment epithelium (RPE).[]

  • Proliferative Retinopathy

    In vitro, the human adult retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE-19) cells and BV2 microglial cell lines were incubated in different bevacizumab concentrations under hypoxic conditions[] , venous irregularity, cluster haemorrhages and cotton wool spots (retinal scarring), causing sudden blindness due to vitreous haemorrhages, fibrosis and retinal detachment[] Purification and characterization of VEGF/VPF secreted by human retinal pigment epithelial cells. Endothelium . 1994;2:73–85.[]

  • Macular Degeneration

    Both eyes had sub-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) choroidal neovascularization adherent to the back surface of the RPE in the fibrovascular RPE detachment that showed increased[] These abnormal blood vessels eventually scar, leading to permanent retinal damage and loss of central vision.[] To evaluate hyperreflective linear structures (HLS), as assessed using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), identified under the retinal pigment epithelium[]

  • Central Retinal Vein Occlusion

    The retinal layers of interest (external limiting membrane; ellipsoid zone; and retinal pigment epithelium) were classified as absent, disrupted, or present.[] scars.[] Retinal examination showed neo-scularization of the disc and persistent macular edema inth eyes, with focal laser scars evident in the left eye (seeure 2).[]

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