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384 Possible Causes for Retinal Pigmentation, Retinal Scar

  • Retinopathy

    Preservation of the ellipsoid zone, wave-guiding cones, and retinal sensitivity within hypoautofluorescent lesions suggest that these retinal pigment epithelium changes have[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The scarring and bleeding can lead to retinal scarring or detachment from the back of the eye, resulting in vision loss. Why is retinopathy of prematurity a concern?[stanfordchildrens.org] They are associated with intraretinal hemorrhages, intra- or subretinal exudates and hyperpigmentation of the retinal pigment epithelium.[thieme-connect.com]

  • Retinal Laser Treatment

    […] selectively targeted, hence the term selective retinal pigment epithelium laser therapy (SRT).[clinicaltrials.gov] While conventional laser is an effective treatment, the retinal burns, result in permanent and often progressive retinal scarring, and can cause visual loss.[laureleye.com] scarring.[northerneyesurgeons.com.au]

  • Retinitis Pigmentosa

    Areas within the hyperautofluorescence patterns exhibited normal photoreceptor outer segments and retinal pigment epithelium.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Optical coherence tomography showed a large hemorrhagic retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) detachment and polypoidal lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (L368Efs*4) variants in SPATA7 manifest as an unusual RP phenotype in this case, showing extensive choroidal sclerosis and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) atrophy with evidence[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Best Disease

    retinal pigment epithelium and photoreceptors.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An eye from a Best disease donor with a T6R mutation was found to have deposits containing lipid and glycoconjugates within the central retinal scar.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although treating new blood vessels may not lead to a great improvement in sight, it often helps to prevent further retinal damage from bleeding and scar tissue formation.[rnib.org.uk]

  • Retinal Perforation

    Three months after the onset of inflammation, retinal pigment epithelial depigmentation was noted around the site of perforation and the right macula.[bjo.bmj.com] Similarly, in some people with retinal lesions such as lattice retinal degeneration or chorio-retinal scars, the vitreous membrane may be abnormally adherent to the retina[en.wikipedia.org] […] epithelium; and subcellular “glue” components of the retinal pigment epithelium.[retina-specialist.com]

  • Retinitis

    "Retinal tissue", the layers in the back of the eye, consists of neural retina and retinal pigment epithelium.[clinicaltrials.gov] Two patients were not treated (patients 1 and 8), one of whom (patient 8) had received an autologous transplant and was diagnosed with atrophic retinal scarring compatible[academic.oup.com] Of these cases, up to 40% are bilateral. 104 The diagnosis of ocular toxoplasmosis is based on characteristic retinal scars, supported by serologic antibody tests such as[retinalphysician.com]

  • Retinal Detachment

    Peripheral retinal pigment epithelium tear-associated retinal detachment can be seen in patients with pachychoroid spectrum disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Four cases had a history of retinal degeneration (2 eyes) or preexisting retinal scars (2 eyes) at the area of RD, three of which underwent argon laser coagulation prior to[journals.plos.org] pigment epithelium (RPE).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Proliferative Retinopathy

    In vitro, the human adult retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE-19) cells and BV2 microglial cell lines were incubated in different bevacizumab concentrations under hypoxic conditions[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , venous irregularity, cluster haemorrhages and cotton wool spots (retinal scarring), causing sudden blindness due to vitreous haemorrhages, fibrosis and retinal detachment[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Purification and characterization of VEGF/VPF secreted by human retinal pigment epithelial cells. Endothelium . 1994;2:73–85.[iovs.arvojournals.org]

  • Macular Degeneration

    Both eyes had sub-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) choroidal neovascularization adherent to the back surface of the RPE in the fibrovascular RPE detachment that showed increased[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These abnormal blood vessels eventually scar, leading to permanent retinal damage and loss of central vision.[my.clevelandclinic.org] To evaluate hyperreflective linear structures (HLS), as assessed using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), identified under the retinal pigment epithelium[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Central Retinal Vein Occlusion

    The retinal layers of interest (external limiting membrane; ellipsoid zone; and retinal pigment epithelium) were classified as absent, disrupted, or present.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] scars.[emedicine.medscape.com] Retinal examination showed neo-scularization of the disc and persistent macular edema inth eyes, with focal laser scars evident in the left eye (seeure 2).[docslide.net]

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