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44 Possible Causes for Risk of Sudden Death with Exertion

  • Long QT Syndrome 10

    Torres F 1, Hernández M 1, Garcia J 1, Marti-Almor J 3 and Garcia-Algar O 1, 2 * 1 Paediatrics Unit, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain; Red SAMID (RD12/0026/0003), FEDER, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain 2 Childhood and Environment Research Group (GRIE), Institute Hospital del Mar Medical Research (IMIM),[…][omicsonline.org]

  • Cold Exposure

    This gives minimum risk of precipitating sudden death from ventricular fibrillation, an unco-ordinated contraction of the ventricles of the heart which can result from almost[encyclopedia.com] […] any form of exertion or active interference during hypothermia.[encyclopedia.com]

  • Cardiac Arrhythmia

    […] proarrhythmic actions and increase the risk of sudden cardiac death. 1 Hypokalemia (in some instances provoked by potassium-wasting diuretics), hypomagnesemia, and increased[doi.org] […] apparently innocuous medications. 28 Phosphodiesterase inhibitors and other positive inotropic agents that increase intracellular calcium loading have also been demonstrated to exert[doi.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Sometimes sudden collapse occurs with vigorous exertion on the athletic field; athletes with HCM should be disqualified from most organized sports to reduce their risk.[ahajournals.org] For example, strenuous physical exertion was associated with sudden death in a cohort of US military recruits, with the most frequent underlying cause being myocarditis. 44[doi.org] Reaching a particular age does not therefore confer immunity from sudden death.[ahajournals.org]

  • Angina Pectoris

    Seven case-crossover studies showed that the risk for a cardiac event (for example, sudden death or myocardial infarction) increased during vigorous physical exertion, ranging[annals.org] […] from a 2- to 17-fold increased risk, with the highest risk occurring among participants with the lowest levels of regular physical activity.[annals.org]

  • Vasovagal Syncope

    […] scenario include syncope during exertion, syncope while lying down, family history of sudden cardiac death, or slow recovery from syncope.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] […] movements have been observed in approximately 10% of cases, which can result in the condition being erroneously diagnosed as epilepsy. 1 Alarming features indicating a high-risk[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    Sometimes sudden collapse occurs with vigorous exertion on the athletic field; athletes with HCM should be disqualified from most organized sports to reduce their risk.[ahajournals.org] The risk of sudden cardiac death in patients with HCM is highest during or just shortly after exercise.[stack.com] Reaching a particular age does not therefore confer immunity from sudden death.[ahajournals.org]

  • Syncope

    This simple test may suggest that there is an arrhythmia, an underlying heart disease, or an inherited syndrome with a risk of sudden death.[ahajournals.org] Syncope is a major risk factor for subsequent sudden cardiac death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (relative risk &5), particularly if it is repetitive or occurs with exertion[doi.org] […] scenario include syncope during exertion, syncope while lying down, family history of sudden cardiac death, or slow recovery from syncope.[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Orthostatic Syncope

    […] scenario include syncope during exertion, syncope while lying down, family history of sudden cardiac death, or slow recovery from syncope.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] […] movements have been observed in approximately 10% of cases, which can result in the condition being erroneously diagnosed as epilepsy. 1 Alarming features indicating a high-risk[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Cardiogenic Syncope

    […] scenario include syncope during exertion, syncope while lying down, family history of sudden cardiac death, or slow recovery from syncope.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] […] movements have been observed in approximately 10% of cases, which can result in the condition being erroneously diagnosed as epilepsy. 1 Alarming features indicating a high-risk[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

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