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19 Possible Causes for S-Scoliosis of Thoracic Spine

  • Scoliosis

    ., thoracic spine, lumbar spine) Shape of the curve (e.g., "C" curve, "S" curve, double curve) Idiopathic right thoracic scoliosis (curvature to the right in the middle back[healthcommunities.com] Scoliosis curves most commonly occur in the upper and middle back (thoracic spine).[orthoinfo.aaos.org] Scoliosis causes the bones of the spine to twist or rotate so that instead of a straight line down the middle of the back, the spine looks more like the letter "C" or "S."[orthoinfo.aaos.org]

  • Spinal Osteochondrosis

    View Article PubMed Google Scholar Krähe T, Zielke K: [Comparison of the effects of lordosis on the thoracic spine using the Milwaukee and Gschwend brace in scoliosis and[doi.org] Spine. 32 (24): 2679-84. 2007 Nov 15; Google Scholar Yingsakmongkol W, Hangsaphuk N, Lerdlam S: The accuracy of pedicle screw placement in thoracic spine using the Funnel[dx.doi.org] Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb. 1986, 124 (5): 613-8. 10.1055/s-2008-1045009.[doi.org]

  • Syringomyelia

    Chuma A, Kitahara H, Minami S, Goto S, Takaso M, Moriya H (1997) Structural scoliosis model in dogs with experimental induced syringomyelia.[doi.org] Spine 22:589–595 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 7. Coonrad RW, Richardson WJ, Oakes WJ (1985) Left thoracic curves can be different.[doi.org]

  • Ganglioneuroma

    Immature ganglioneuroma of the thoracic spine with lipomatous component: a rare cause of scoliosis . Spine J 2015;15:e59–61. [15]. Ulusoy OL, Aribal S, Mutlu A, et al.[journals.lww.com] Ganglioneuroma with scoliosis of the thoracic spine: a case report. Spine J 2005;5:457–60. [9]. Lai PL, Lui TN, Jung SM, et al.[journals.lww.com] Xuhua L, Zude L, Haiyan S, et al. A case report of scoliosis caused by ganglioneuroma . Orthop J China 2004;12:717–8. [8]. Velyvis JH, Durbhakula S, Wurapa R, et al.[journals.lww.com]

  • Kyphosis

    Clinically Relevant Anatomy The spine of an adult is naturally shaped in an S-curve.[physio-pedia.com] Spine. 32 (24): 2679-84. 2007 Nov 15; Google Scholar Yingsakmongkol W, Hangsaphuk N, Lerdlam S: The accuracy of pedicle screw placement in thoracic spine using the Funnel[doi.org] According to the Scoliosis Research Society, the thoracic spine has a kyphosis between 20 to 40 degrees.[physio-pedia.com]

  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type 3

    , AP ( H ) and lateral ( I and J ) projections, 15 years: “Sscoliosis of thoracic spine (Cobb’s angle: Thoracic vertebra 2–37 to the left - Thoracic vertebra 9–30 to the[dovepress.com] […] incorrect fracture healing in distal third of the left tibia, and irregular calcification of meta- and epiphysis of long bones (so-called “popcorn-like” calcification). ( H–J ) Spine[dovepress.com]

  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type 5

    , AP ( H ) and lateral ( I and J ) projections, 15 years: “Sscoliosis of thoracic spine (Cobb’s angle: Thoracic vertebra 2–37 to the left - Thoracic vertebra 9–30 to the[dovepress.com] […] incorrect fracture healing in distal third of the left tibia, and irregular calcification of meta- and epiphysis of long bones (so-called “popcorn-like” calcification). ( H–J ) Spine[dovepress.com]

  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type 16

    , AP ( H ) and lateral ( I and J ) projections, 15 years: “Sscoliosis of thoracic spine (Cobb’s angle: Thoracic vertebra 2–37 to the left - Thoracic vertebra 9–30 to the[dovepress.com] […] incorrect fracture healing in distal third of the left tibia, and irregular calcification of meta- and epiphysis of long bones (so-called “popcorn-like” calcification). ( H–J ) Spine[dovepress.com]

  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type 15

    , AP ( H ) and lateral ( I and J ) projections, 15 years: “Sscoliosis of thoracic spine (Cobb’s angle: Thoracic vertebra 2–37 to the left - Thoracic vertebra 9–30 to the[dovepress.com] […] incorrect fracture healing in distal third of the left tibia, and irregular calcification of meta- and epiphysis of long bones (so-called “popcorn-like” calcification). ( H–J ) Spine[dovepress.com]

  • Bone Fibroma

    Spine. 41(2) e1201-7 Oct 2016 [Refereed] Analysis of cervical kyphosis and spinal balance in young idiopathic scoliosis patients classified by the apex of thoracic kyphosis[researchmap.jp] Ito K, Imagama S, Ito Z, Ando K, Kobayashi K, Hida T, Tsushima M, Ishikawa Y, Matsumoto A, Nishida Y, Ishiguro N.[researchmap.jp] Eur Spine J. 25(10) 3220-25 Oct 2016 [Refereed] Desmin phosphorylation by Cdk1 is required for efficient separation of desmin intermediate filaments in mitosis and detected[researchmap.jp]

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