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172 Possible Causes for S3 Gallop

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  • Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis

    .  Prominent S3 gallop may be present.  Secondary tricuspid regurgitation with its characteristic murmur.  Abdominal examination reveals hepatomegaly, often with palpable[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Physical examination reveals an S3 gallop, 2 peripheral pitting edema, and marked jugular venous distention.[] The major criteria include: Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Distention of neck veins Crepitations Cardiomegaly Acute pulmonary edema S3 gallop rhythm Increased venous pressure[] […] mass; low-output backward CHF–pulmonary congestion–fluids accumulate in lungs, causing dyspnea, initially only on exertion; also seen, peripheral and pedal edema, rales, S3[]

  • Giant Cell Myocarditis

    Patient was tachycardic with normal S1, S2, an audible S3 gallop, and no murmurs. Extremities were warm and well perfused.[]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Her lungs were clear to auscultation and her heart rate was regular, with an S3 gallop. Her extremities were nonedematous, and she had no calf tenderness.[] gallop rhythm present, P2 loud (pulmonary hypertension) and chest with bilateral crepitations (pulmonary edema).[] Case 1 illustrates a typical PPCM presentation, with gestational hypertension, S3 gallop, hypoxia, an elevated BNP level, cardiomegaly, and pulmonary congestion on chest radiographs[]

  • Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

    gallop Other findings may include hepatomegaly with palpable pulsations of the liver and an abnormal abdominal-jugular reflex.[] gallop Other findings may include the following: Hepatomegaly with palpable pulsations of the liver Abnormal abdominal-jugular reflex Ascites - Not uncommon in untreated[] […] the commonly present severe tricuspid regurgitation, and large a waves thought to be secondary to poor right ventricular compliance may also be present. [16] Right-sided S3[]

  • Chagas Disease

    Cardiovascular exam reveals an elevated JVD, displaced PMI, S3 gallop with a holosystolic murmur radiating to the axillae, and pitting edema of both ankles.[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Distinguishing Cardiogenic from Non-cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema  Finding suggesting cardiogenic edema -S3 gallop -elevated JVP -Peripheral edema  Findings suggesting non-cardiogenic[] An third heart sound (S3) gallop is frequently present.[]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    The physical examination is perhaps even more important, which can reveal tachycardia, cardiac murmurs (soft S1 sound, S3 or S4 gallop, as well as sounds pointing toward insufficiency[]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    In this situation, there may be concurrent jugular venous distension peripheral edema and a S3 gallop. Diaphoresis can be common in AMI.[] Class I: No evidence of HF (mortality 6%) Class II: Findings of mild to moderate HF (S3 gallop, rales halfway up lung fields or elevated jugular venous pressure (mortality[]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Other possible physical findings include an S3 gallop and a systolic murmur of mitral regurgitation if the valve annulus is dilated.[]

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