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137 Possible Causes for S4 Gallop

  • Anemia

    INTRODUCTION Table 1 Etiopathogenic classification of anemia. Regenerative anemia Acute or chronic bleeding Hemolytic anemia Hereditary (hemoglobinopathy, enzymopathy, membrane-cytoskeletal defects) Acquired (autoimmune, mechanical destruction, toxic-metabolic, drugs, infectious, PNH, hypersplenism) Hypo-regenerative[…][dx.doi.org]

  • Hypertension

    INTERNATIONAL STUDIEREN Review article Dtsch Arztebl Int 2011; 108(43): 725-31 ; DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.2011.0725 ; Himmel, F ; Ukena, C ; Schunkert, H ; Böhm, M ; Weil, J Article Authors Figures & Tables References Letters Metrics Background: Resistant hypertension is defined as blood pressure above the target range[…][doi.org]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Cardiac palpation and auscultation for ventricular and atrial gallop rhythms (S3, S4) should be performed.[doi.org] The quality of the heart sounds, and the presence of atrial and ventricular gallops and valvular murmurs are important for diagnosis and clinical assessment.[doi.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    gallop due to thickened, non-compliant ventricle Possible murmur from mitral regurgitation Rapidly rising double arterial pulse in the carotid arteries ECG Abnormally deep[amboss.com] Physical findings include S4 gallop, prominent left ventricular impluse or lift, and brisk carotid upstroke.[clinicaladvisor.com] […] is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse Apical[emedicine.com]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    Heart sounds are auscultated for S3 or S4 gallops or new heart murmurs. Patient care and other activities should be organized to allow for periods on uninterrupted rest.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    […] is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse Apical[emedicine.com] […] impulse (less common) Normal first heart sound; second heart sound usually is normally split but is paradoxically split in some patients with severe outflow gradients; S3 gallop[emedicine.com]

  • Angina Pectoris

    Andrology. 2016 May;4(3):486-91. doi: 10.1111/andr.12189. Epub 2016 Mar 29. Gosai JN 1, 2 , Charalampidis P 1 , Nikolaidou T 1 , Parviz Y 1 , Morris PD 1, 2 , Channer KS 3 , Jones TH 4, 5 , Grech ED 1 . Author information 1 South Yorkshire Cardiothoracic Centre, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, UK. 2 Department of[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Coronary Atherosclerosis

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) exhibits the rules of the multifactorial hereditary. Notwithstanding, the role of genetic factors in the prevalence of CAD is estimated very high. SIRT1 plays an athero-protective role and alterations in its expression have some important consequence in the metabolism, cholesterol, and[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    We herein report the case of a 25-year-old Japanese woman with left-main-trunk acute myocardial infarction (LMT-AMI). She had cardiogenic shock, so emergency percutaneous intervention was performed. Intravascular ultrasound of LMT-AMI showed that the three-layered structure of the intima, tunica media, and[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Coronary Syndrome

    Please note : this guideline has exceeded its review date and is currently under review by specialists. Exercise caution in the use of the clinical guideline. N.B. Some of the recommendations in this guideline are currently under review and may change. Introduction Chest pain is one of the most common presentations[…][handbook.ggcmedicines.org.uk]

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