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98 Possible Causes for S4 Gallop

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  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency

    Tests When listening to your heart and lungs, the health care provider may detect: A thrill (vibration) over the heart when feeling the chest area An extra heart sound (S4[mountsinai.org] […] night When listening to your heart and lungs, the health care provider may detect: A thrill (vibration) over the heart when feeling the chest area An extra heart sound (S4[medlineplus.gov] gallop) A distinctive heart murmur Crackles in the lungs (if fluid backs up into the lungs) The physical exam may also reveal: Ankle and leg swelling Enlarged liver Bulging[mountsinai.org]

  • Mitral Valve Incompetence

    […] night When listening to your heart and lungs, the health care provider may detect: A thrill (vibration) over the heart when feeling the chest area An extra heart sound (S4[nlm.nih.gov] Tests When listening to your heart and lungs, the health care provider may detect: A thrill (vibration) over the heart when feeling the chest area An extra heart sound (S4[mountsinai.org] gallop) A distinctive heart murmur Crackles in the lungs (if fluid backs up into the lungs) The physical exam may also reveal: Ankle and leg swelling Enlarged liver Bulging[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency

    The physical examination may also reveal jaundice, peripheral edema, ascites, weak peripheral pulse, pulmonary rales, and an S3 or S4 gallop.[symptoma.com]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    The physical examination is perhaps even more important, which can reveal tachycardia, cardiac murmurs (soft S1 sound, S3 or S4 gallop, as well as sounds pointing toward insufficiency[symptoma.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    gallop due to thickened, non-compliant ventricle Possible murmur from mitral regurgitation Rapidly rising double arterial pulse in the carotid arteries ECG Abnormally deep[amboss.com] […] is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse Apical[emedicine.medscape.com] […] standing Decreases with hand grip , squatting, or passive leg elevation Extended area of Erb point, left sternal border (laterally displaced due to myocardial hypertrophy ) S4[amboss.com]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    Heart sounds are auscultated for S3 or S4 gallops or new heart murmurs. Patient care and other activities should be organized to allow for periods on uninterrupted rest.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    […] is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse Apical[emedicine.com] […] impulse (less common) Normal first heart sound; second heart sound usually is normally split but is paradoxically split in some patients with severe outflow gradients; S3 gallop[emedicine.com]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Cardiac palpation and auscultation for ventricular and atrial gallop rhythms (S3, S4) should be performed.[doi.org] The quality of the heart sounds, and the presence of atrial and ventricular gallops and valvular murmurs are important for diagnosis and clinical assessment.[doi.org]

  • Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy 1

    Please note that this website is no longer being updated from April 2018. If you are interested in requesting any of the tests listed, please contact the laboratories directly. Laboratory contact details are available by using the “Find a Laboratory” search function. Alternatively, details are available after[…][ukgtn.nhs.uk]

  • Chordae Tendinae Rupture

    Transl Res. 2013 May;161(5):406-13. doi: 10.1016/j.trsl.2012.10.002. Epub 2012 Oct 29. Author information 1 Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Abstract Understanding the pathogenesis of mitral chordae tendinae rupture (MCTR) is essential for[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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