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100 Possible Causes for S4 Gallop, Swelling

  • Anemia

    On presentation, he reported symptoms of fatigue, shortness of breath, bilateral leg swelling, dizziness (characterized as light-headedness), and frequent heartburn.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of the hands, face, and eyelids (called edema) "Brain Fog" Another symptom commonly described in connection with hypothyroidism is "brain fog."[verywell.com] The tongue's appearance can morph into multiple shades of red, and swell slightly in size.[colgate.com]

  • Hypertension

    Epigastric pain is due to hepatic swelling and inflammation, with stretch of the liver capsule.[web.archive.org] Swelling alone doesn’t necessarily mean you have PIH. Some swelling is normal during pregnancy. For example, your rings or shoes might become too tight.[familydoctor.org] Gastrointestinal findings in preeclampsia Right upper quadrant (RUQ) abdominal tenderness stems from liver swelling and capsular stretch. Consider delivery.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    This "right-sided" heart failure causes swelling (edema), usually in the feet and legs, and sometimes, in the abdomen.[healthcommunities.com] Cardiac palpation and auscultation for ventricular and atrial gallop rhythms (S3, S4) should be performed.[doi.org] Swelling (edema) often results. Typically, there’s swelling in the legs and ankles, but it can happen in other parts of the body, too.[cheyenneregional.org]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    These include swelling of the leg or along a vein in the leg, pain or tenderness in the leg, a feeling of increased warmth in the area of the leg that's swollen or tender,[web.archive.org] Abstract A young man presented with the severe right upper limb swelling following a heavy weight lifting that was thought to be caused by a biceps tendon rupture.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She present swell at knee and calf from postoperative 3 weeks, and developed dyspnea, palpitation, and nausea on 33th day, pulmonary embolism was confirmed with CT angiography[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    These signs and symptoms include: Shortness of breath or trouble breathing, especially with physical exertion Fatigue (tiredness) Swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, abdomen[web.archive.org] gallop due to thickened, non-compliant ventricle Possible murmur from mitral regurgitation Rapidly rising double arterial pulse in the carotid arteries ECG Abnormally deep[amboss.com] Symptoms of cardiomyopathies may include fatigue, swelling of the lower extremities and shortness of breath.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Coronary Artery Disease

    Signs suggestive of congestive cardiac failure may be seen such as limb edema, pulmonary congestion, diaphoresis, abdominal swelling, etc.[symptoma.com] […] of coronary artery disease differ from person to person, but typical symptoms include: Chest discomfort or pain (angina) Shortness of breath Extreme fatigue with exertion Swelling[medtronic.com] Other common symptoms of CAD include trouble breathing, even when lying flat, and swelling in your feet, ankles, legs, and abdomen and in the veins of your neck; these symptoms[dartmouth-hitchcock.org]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    You may also take diuretics (water pills) to help ease swelling. Taking traditional heart failure drugs will often not help. They can make things worse.[webmd.com] Swelling due to “High-Output Failure” or “Dynamic Insufficiency” (i.e. Edema) – The lymphatic structures are normal but the volume isn’t.[ltstherapy.com] They can include: Shortness of breath Tiredness or weakness Swelling in your feet, ankles, legs, or abdomen Lasting cough or wheezing Fast or irregular heartbeat Dizziness[webmd.com]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Among many cardiac imaging techniques, only cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and computer tomography permit a direct detection of edema during acute myocarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The physical examination is perhaps even more important, which can reveal tachycardia, cardiac murmurs (soft S1 sound, S3 or S4 gallop, as well as sounds pointing toward insufficiency[symptoma.com] edema (R(2) 0.48, 95 % CI 0.47-0.85, p 0.001) and the extent of LGE (R(2) 0.41, 95 % CI 0.31-0.61, p 0.001).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Hypertension

    Swelling of the stoma became gradually reduced, and the patient was discharged from hospital 36 days after the operation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Swelling (edema), particularly of the legs, may occur because fluid may leak out of the blood vessels and into the tissues.[merckmanuals.com] Other symptoms are fatigue, dizziness, swelling in the ankles or legs (edema), bluish lips and skin (cyanosis), chest pain, racing pulse and palpitations.[who.int]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Symptoms may include: Shortness of breath Swelling of the legs and feet ( edema ) Fatigue (feeling overly tired), inability to exercise, or carry out activities as usual Angina[my.clevelandclinic.org] Some of the main symptoms of ischemic cardiomyopathy include: Shortness of breath Edema (swelling of the legs and feet) Extreme fatigue Angina (chest pain that occurs with[tgh.org]

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