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272 Possible Causes for Sacral Dimple, Scoliosis

  • Hemivertebra

    Occult signs of spinal dysraphism include cutaneous manifestations such as midline spinal hemangiomas, penetrating sacral dimples, or midline hairy patches.[] Our study may provide a basis for the treatment of congenital scoliosis due to hemivertebra.[] Posterior hemivertebra resection combined with multisegmental or bisegmental fusion has been applied successfully for congenital scoliosis.[]

  • Meningomyelocele

    dimpling Evaluation Diagnosis based primarily on clinical observation Prenatal screening monitor folic acid levels in mother Pregnancy ultrasound may show herniated sac and[] A young boy presented with a cystic swelling over left gluteal region with lumbosacral scoliosis.[] […] large meningomyelocele defects in an easily reproducible operation preserving local soft tissue (muscle, fascia) for potential salvage operations or revisions (such as for scoliosis[]

  • Trigonocephaly

    dimple, and heart defect.[] […] systemic dislocations Larsen syndrome head , face , spine and chest : skull , face and jaw ( Dolichocephaly , Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome , Plagiocephaly ) - spine Scoliosis[] […] fingers, varus or equino-varus deformities, joint dislocations and/or contractures, strabismus, cryptorchism, prominent clitoris, neonatal loose skin, hemangiomas, deep sacral[]

  • Stuve-Wiedemann Syndrome

    dimple Spinal dimple 0000960 Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO Abnormal metaphyseal trabeculation 0005089 Abnormality of dental enamel[] There was marked functional impairment with dysplasia of the long bones and scoliosis.[] […] with no fungiform papillae, chronic gingival abscesses, mottled, poor dentition, blotchy pigmentation of the skin, unusual infections, multiple fractures, and progressive scoliosis[]

  • Amelia

    dimple, bilateral undescended testes, and developmental retardation is reported.[] We report an inbred Tunisian family, in which the proband manifested signs of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, subtotal amelia, scoliosis and left renal agenesis.[] […] of the fibulae, unilateral absence of a femur and ipsilateral oligodactyly; undescended testes; atrial septal defect; multiple vertebral and rib anomalies with cervical scoliosis[]

  • Diastematomyelia

    She had a small sacral dimple. An X-ray revealed spina bifida occulta L5.[] Prior to surgery, any patient with scoliosis and with congenital anomalies of the spine should have myelography.[] The patient underwent instrumented posterior spinal fusion with a Harrington rod as a child for progressive thoracolumbar scoliosis.[]

  • Pentalogy of Cantrell

    Additional observations included a rather elongated skull, enlarged first toes and a deep sacral dimple ( Figure 3 ).[] In the literature, three scoliosis cases have been reported accompanying the CP along with multiple anomalies and one concomitant pes equinovarus deformity has been reported[] In addition to the physical findings, including lower sternal defect, ectopic heart, epigastric omphalocele and scoliosis, the autopsy showed left diaphragmatic agenesia,[]

  • Coffin-Siris Syndrome

    dimple Spinal dimple 0000960 Severe expressive language delay 0006863 Short distal phalanx of the 5th finger Short outermost little finger bone Short outermost pinkie finger[] Distinguishing features include retinal anomalies, Dandy-Walker malformation, scoliosis, rocker bottom feet, respiratory difficulties and absence of seizures, and 2-oxoglutaric[] Significant but less frequent findings include short philtrum (50%, scoliosis (40%), decreased fetal activity (40%), smallness for gestational age (30%), and congenital heart[]

  • Cat Eye Syndrome

    dimple and right upper limb postaxial polydactyly.[] Clinically the patient shows: moderate psychic retardation, high forehead, epicanthus, strabismus, microretrognathism, large, low inserted ears, kypho-scoliosis, genu valgum[] ., radial aplasia, duplication of the hallux, absent toes and sirenomelia), absence or synostosis of ribs, scoliosis, and/or vertebral fusions have been observed in patients[]

  • Congenital Vertical Talus

    dimple right side to the midline.[] The other common anomalies included scoliosis, hip dislocation, and respiratory problems.[] The presence of a sacral dimple, in particular, should alert the examiner to possible central nervous system anomalies.[]

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