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892 Possible Causes for Scotoma

  • Acromegaly

    Acromegaly is characterized by excessive secretion of growth hormone, usually caused by a somatotroph pituitary adenoma. The diagnosis of acromegaly is frequently delayed due to the slow progression of signs and symptoms. Patients with large tumors may experience symptoms due to the local mass effects of the[…][]

  • Migraine

    […] of the typical migraine but in which headache is absent or not a prominent symptom: (1) : a condition in which an aura involving visual disturbances (such as diplopia , scotoma[] {C} {C} Example of a central scotoma as described by a person who experiences migraines. Note the visual loss in the center of vision.[] {C} {C} Another example of a central scotoma as described by a person who experiences migraine headaches. {C} {C} Example of visual changes during migraine.[]

  • Tobacco

    The visual impairment generally presents as a centrocecal scotoma.[] A Goldmann visual field examination showed ceco-central scotomas in both eyes.[] On ophthalmological exam, visual-acuity was 20/200 (right) and 20/300 (left), with a left central scotoma and normal fundoscopic exam.[]

  • Retinal Hemorrhage

    ., M.D. 3 Citing Articles A 50-year-old man presented with blurry vision and scotomas in his right eye immediately after a 2-week hiking trip in the Andes at an altitude of[] Neither metamorphopsia nor central scotomas were recorded in Amsler grid tests.[] More significant hemorrhage limits visual acuity and visual fields or can cause scotomas.[]

  • Retrobulbar Neuritis

    It was characterized by decreased visual acuity, mid dilated pupil with sluggish reaction, normal optic disc and central scotoma in Humphrey visual field.[] The patient, however, had a Marcus Gunn pupil, decreased color vision, and a large central scotoma on visual field examination.[] However, static perimetry showed paracentral scotomas in the fellow eye in 5 cases.[]

  • Choroiditis

    The additional finding of an annular scotoma and a 360 ring on indocyanine green angiography led us to make the diagnosis of presumed AZOOR.[] Ten months later, the patient returned emergently with complaints of floaters in both eyes for 2 days and a new temporal scotoma in her left eye.[] 60-year-old male with 15 year history of serpiginous choroiditis reports a 2-day history of a new scotoma noticed on Amsler Grid testing of his right eye February 21, 2005[]

  • Retinal Detachment

    A 41-year-old woman was referred with a 2-week history of decreased vision and scotoma in the left eye. She was in her sixth month of pregnancy.[] Macular degeneration is the leading cause of painless sudden vision loss in older patients, but the scotoma is central and the peripheral field is intact.[]

  • Eclipse Blindness

    Help prevent solar blindness and learn how to watch safely Signs and Symptoms Signs of eclipse retinopathy include: Reduced visual acuity (bad vision), Central scotomas (blind[] In fact, Sir Isaac Newton seems to have suffered a mild scotoma at age 22 while looking at the Sun.[] About half the people with small scotomas recover from them completely after some months or years.[]

  • Ocular Toxoplasmosis

    Confrontation visual fields revealed a central relative scotoma in the right eye and were full in the left eye. Extraocular movements were full in both eyes.[]

  • Retinitis

    Three months later, his corrected VA was 20/20 with relative scotoma in Amsler grid, normal color vision, no scotoma in HVF 10-2 and unchanged SDOCT findings.[] A peripheral ring scotoma (detectable by visual field testing) widens gradually, and central vision may also be affected in advanced cases.[] Figure 3: Goldmann visual field, OS, revealed a ring scotoma of mid-peripheral field loss with preserved central and temporal visual field.[]

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