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942 Possible Causes for Scotoma

  • Hypertension

    Please log in to edit this article. Edit Synonym: High blood pressure German: Hypertonie, Hypertonus, Bluthochdruck There are three different forms of hypertension: Arterial hypertension (increased blood pressure in body circulation) Pulmonary hypertension (increased blood pressure in lung circulation) Portal[…][]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    The anatomical basis of the caecocentral scotoma: new observations and a review.[]

  • Migraine

    Photopsia, fortification spectra, and the slow propagation of a scintillating scotoma across the visual field are typical diagnostic features of the visual aura of migraine[] The experiments described here were performed when the phenomena which characterize the onset of an attack, namely, scotomas, blurring of vision, paresthesias and aphasia,[]

  • Transient Ischemic Attack

    4 8 7 5 6 11 Confusion‡ 4 13 3 0 2 20 Convulsion 0 7 13 0 2 20 “Jerks,” face or hand 0 3 17 0 0 22 Vertigo 2 6 12 1 7 14 Urinary incontinence 5 6 9 1 0 21 Scintillating scotoma[]

  • Stroke

    Anatomical vessel obstacles such as an intracranial stenosis in stroke are challenging and may lead to delayed clot access for thrombectomy. We describe a simple and effective technique to overcome the step-off between the intermediate catheter and an intracranial vessel stenosis during thrombectomy. The patient[…][]

  • Glaucoma

    , nasal steps, altitudinal scotomas, focal defects e.g. paracentral scotomas (2) optic disc changes - localised or generalised thinning of the neuroretinal rim, enlargement[] A disc haemoorrhage may indicate a scotoma (glaucoma damage).[] Peripheral vision (1960 —) appeared in translations 51 of his term peripherische Sehen. 52 Blind spot (1870 — ) and scotoma (1880 — ) entered common parlance.[]

  • Posterior Cerebral Artery Thrombosis

    Additionally, a migraine is characterized by a moving, scintillating scotoma, not a fixed, bilateral, homonymous field cut.[]

  • Basilar Migraine

    Onset of pain may be preceded by a warning (i.e., aura), often consisting of bilateral scintillating scotomas.[] Most auras are visual and are described as bright shimmering lights around objects or at the edges of the field of vision (called scintillating scotomas) or zigzag lines,[] […] along with a great noise, or like the wind when it roars among the sails, or like the clang of pipes or reeds, or like the rattling of a carriage, we call the affection scotoma[]

  • Cataract

    The problem may be confirmed with wavefront analysis. there may a type of peripheral ring scotoma (section of vision missing), an optical problem from edge of the lens implant[] Common problems of the visual field include scotoma (area of reduced vision), hemianopia (half of visual field lost), homonymous hemianopsia and bitemporal hemianopia.[]

  • Migraine Equivalent

    […] visual aura started with a flickering uncolored zig-zag line in the center of the visual field and gradually progressed toward the periphery of one hemifield, often leaving a scotoma[] The classic scintillating scotoma with fortification spectrum is suggestive of migraine.[] […] with neurologic accompaniments of migraine classified according to the following symptoms: visual accompaniments (excluding patients who had only ordinary scintillating scotoma[]

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