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336 Possible Causes for Secondary Aldosteronism

  • Heart Failure

    This case highlights the importance of investigating secondary causes of hypertension in young patients and the potential adverse cardiac effects of primary aldosteronism[] Anti-aldosterone treatment and the prevention of myocardial fibrosis in primary and secondary hyperaldosteronism. J Mol Cell Cardiol 1993 ;25: 563 - 575 37.[] They can also be considered secondary choices if the first-line drugs are not tolerated.[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Anti-aldosterone treatment and the prevention of myocardial fibrosis in primary and secondary hyperaldosteronism. J Mol Cell Cardiol 1993 ;25: 563 - 575 37.[] (This recommendation is from ‘MI: secondary prevention’, NICE clinical guideline 48.)[] Although diuretics can be used safely in the majority of patients, secondary effects are frequent and may be life-threatening.[]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    […] system activity ( RAAS ): activated following decrease in renal perfusion secondary to reduction of stroke volume and cardiac output Angiotensin II secretion vasoconstriction[] […] maintain cardiac output if stroke volume is reduced Adrenergic activity increase in heart rate, blood pressure, and ventricular contractility Increase of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone[]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    Abstract Primary and secondary platelet aggregation in response to adenosine diphosphate was studied in 24 patients with portal (Laënnec) cirrhosis and compared with platelet aggregation in 14 normal subjects. In 12 patients with cirrhosis, platelet aggregation was diminished when compared to controls. Of the 12[…][]

  • Ascites

    The resultant secondary aldosteronism causes retention of sodium and water.[] Ascites secondary to cirrhosis is explained by an excess of total body water and sodium, subsequent systemic and splanchnic vasodilation leading to stimulation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone[] […] decrease in the activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and increases sodium excretion. 110 Prospective randomised trials have shown TIPS to be more effective[]

  • Malignant Ascites

    Malignant ascites is a very serious and difficult to manage problem in the cancer patient. It is a sign of late stage disease and treatment is mainly palliative. Therefore the treatment should produce minimal discomfort and have few side effects. Numerous methods for managing the problem have been attempted, but[…][]

  • Anasarca

    Loop or thiazide diuretics are often used, but aldactone may be effective in cases of refractory edema secondary to it’s aldosterone antagonistic effect which serves to decrease[]

  • Adenocarcinoma of the Ovary

    Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina and cervix were previously shown to be tumors occurring in female offspring exposed prenatally to diethylstilbestrol. This report describes the first clinical case of clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary linked to early diethylstilbestrol exposure in utero. A 45-year-old woman[…][]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    BACKGROUND: Patients with minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) often also have allergic diseases. Abnormalities of Th2-derived cytokines and T-cell functions contribute to development of these diseases. On the other hand, imbalances between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidants have been implicated in[…][]

  • Lipoid Nephrosis

    Clinical Nephrology, R. John Crew, Anthony Valeri, Joshua Busch, Barry Stokes, Glen Markowitz, Vivette D'Agati and Gerald Appel CJASN May 2007, 2 (3) 445-453; DOI: This article requires a subscription to view the full text. If you have a subscription you may use the login form below to view the article. Access to this[…][]

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