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645 Possible Causes for Secondary Parkinsonism, Vacuolation of Granular Layer

  • Binswanger Disease

    Pick bodies (granular layer of dentate gyrus). Extensive astrogliosis (striatonigral degeneration, hepatic encephalopathy).[librepathology.org] Parkinsonism secondary to neurosyphilis. Mov. Disord. 24, 1407 (2009). 34. Fabiani, G., Teive, H. A., Germiniani, F. M., Sá, D. S. & Werneck, L. C.[nature.com] Other conditions that may result in dementia due to progressive changes in brain function include Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome secondary to chronic alcohol abuse; traumatic[asha.org]

  • Head Injury

    INTRODUCTION: Head injuries represent a concern in skiing and snowboarding, with traumatic brain injuries being the most common cause of death. AIM: To describe the mechanisms of head and face injuries among World Cup alpine and freestyle skiers and snowboarders. METHODS: We performed a qualitative analysis of[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Vacuolation of Granular Layer
  • Parkinson's Disease

    […] causes of secondary Parkinsonism include poisoning by carbon monoxide or manganese (a type of mineral), lesions and tumours in the brainstem, and a rare illicit drug called[medbroadcast.com] Secondary parkinsonism is brain dysfunction that is characterized by basal ganglia dopaminergic blockade and that is similar to Parkinson disease, but it is caused by something[merckmanuals.com] In addition to aiding diagnosis, MRI is also used to identify features which may indicate secondary parkinsonism rather than primary disease, such as extensive small vessel[radiopaedia.org]

    Missing: Vacuolation of Granular Layer
  • Pallidopyramidal Syndrome

    There are many causes of parkinsonism; they can be divided into four major categories: primary, secondary, parkinsonism-plus syndromes, and heredodegenerative disorders ([neupsykey.com] Heredodegenerative ParkinsonismSecondary (Acquired, symptomatic) Parkinsonism 5.  Primary Parkinsonism Parkinson’s Disease  - Sporadic Parkinson’s Disease  - Hereditary[slideshare.net] Links Publisher Full Text Authors , , , , Source MeSH Adult Antiparkinson Agents Blepharospasm Female Globus Pallidus Humans Levodopa Parkinson Disease, Secondary Pyramidal[unboundmedicine.com]

    Missing: Vacuolation of Granular Layer
  • Hypoxia

    As the average age in many countries steadily rises, heart infarction, stroke, and cancer become the most common causes of death in the 21st century. The causes of these disorders are many and varied and include genetic predisposition and environmental influences, but they all share a common feature in that[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Vacuolation of Granular Layer
  • Shy Drager Syndrome

    […] induced parkinsonism (G21.11) G21.1 Other drug-induced secondary parkinsonism G21.11 … Shy-Dragerjev sindrom (SDS) je redko stanje, ki povzroča postopno škodo avtonomnemu[ixmtgt.co] parkinsonism 2016 2017 2018 2019 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code Type 1 Excludes dementia with Parkinsonism ( G31.83 ) Huntington's disease ( G10 ) Shy-Drager syndrome ( G90.3[icd10data.com] O00 - O07, O08.3 ) shock complicating or following labor and delivery ( O75.1 ) Stokes-Adams attack ( I45.9 ) unconsciousness NOS ( R40.2- ) ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code G21 Secondary[icd10data.com]

    Missing: Vacuolation of Granular Layer
  • Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy

    parkinsonism G21.2 Secondary parkinsonism due to other external agents G21.3 Postencephalitic parkinsonism G21.4 Vascular parkinsonism G21.8 Other secondary parkinsonism[icd10data.com] Stanley Fahn, Joseph Jankovic and Mark Hallett, Atypical parkinsonism, parkinsonism-plus syndromes, and secondary parkinsonian disorders, Principles and Practice of Movement[doi.org] G21.9 Secondary parkinsonism, unspecified G23 Other degenerative diseases of basal ganglia G23.0 Hallervorden-Spatz disease G23.1 Progressive supranuclear ophthalmoplegia[icd10data.com]

    Missing: Vacuolation of Granular Layer
  • Basal Ganglia Hemorrhage

    Hypertension is the single most important risk factor for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and often leads to solitary hematoma. Multiple spontaneous simultaneous ICH is not common, and bilateral hemorrhages occurred in symmetrical basal ganglia is extremely rare. Most reported cases accepted conservative treatment[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Vacuolation of Granular Layer
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    parkinsonism G21.4 Vascular parkinsonism G21.8 Other secondary parkinsonism G21.9 Secondary parkinsonism, unspecified G23 Other degenerative diseases of basal ganglia G23.0[icd10data.com] The total Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), UPDRS III and the 39-item Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire were considered as secondary end points.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] No statistically significant differences were noted between CoQ10 and placebo groups in primary or secondary outcome measures.[nn.neurology.org]

    Missing: Vacuolation of Granular Layer
  • Parkinson-Dementia Syndrome

    […] drug induced secondary parkinsonism G21.2 Secondary parkinsonism due to other external agents G21.3 Postencephalitic parkinsonism G21.4 Vascular parkinsonism G21.8 Other[icd10data.com] In addition to aiding diagnosis, MRI is also used to identify features which may indicate secondary parkinsonism rather than primary disease, such as extensive small vessel[radiopaedia.org] secondary to Parkinsonism.[newsletters.ahima.org]

    Missing: Vacuolation of Granular Layer

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