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323 Possible Causes for Seizure, Tetanus, Trismus

  • Strychnine Poisoning

    BACKGROUND: In 1933 in Leon, Nicaragua, a 22-year-old woman died after an acute convulsive illness in which she experienced trismus, opisthotonos, and hyperpyrexia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient survived despite the development of seizures, lactic acidosis, rhabdomyolysis, and pulmonary infiltrates.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] How is strychnine poisoning different from tetanus? Tetanus inhibits glycine release from nerve endings, while strychnine inhibits glycine binding to its receptor.[calpoison.org]

  • Tetanus

    When a patient presents with trismus and paralysis of one or more cranial nerves, cephalic tetanus should be included in the differential diagnosis.[doi.org] The infant recovered, with no seizures by the 16th day from admission, and was off the ventilator by the 18th day.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tetanus is also referred to as “lockjaw”.Cause The bacteria known as Clostridium tetani cause tetanus.[symptoma.com]

  • Tetanus Neonatorum

    […] tetanus neonatorum is 3 to 10 days, but most newborns develop it at the end of their first week of life, when they present with irritability, feeding difficulties due to trismus[symptoma.com] […] had to be differentiated between MSUD and other metabolic disorders and neonatal infections (especially neonatal tetanus because of severe opisthotonos) and generalized seizures[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tetanus Neonatorum or neonatal tetanus is also known in Western medicine by the terms trismus nascentium, 7-day sickness, 9-day fits and the lock-jaw of infants.[nature.com]

  • Crisponi Syndrome

    Published on 05-Jun-2016 View 212 Download 0 Transcript American Journal of Medical Genetics 133A:9092 (2005)Clinical ReportNeonatal Paroxysmal Trismus and Camptodactyly:The[documents.tips] Seizure episodes may be treated with appropriate anti-seizure medicines.[xpertdox.com] […] with spasms would beassumed to have tetanus and managed accordingly.Crisponi in 1996, first described a new syndrome[OMIM 601378] characterized by tetanus-like spasmsassociated[docslide.net]

  • Rabies

    This affects the muscles innervated by the cranial nerves, causing trismus, facial stiffness, and pharyngeal and laryngeal spasms.[emj.bmj.com] Few days later she became drowsy and developed recurrent seizures and marked phobic spasms which prompted the treating physician to diagnose human rabies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Differential diagnosis Tetanus is the main differential diagnosis which also includes other types of encephalomyelitis and neuropaludism.[orpha.net]

  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

    The second case was a 68-year-old female having trismus and left-TMJ pain, which was diagnosed as TMJD at another hospital.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] hepatotoxicity; bleeding disorders, orthostatic hypotension, uncontrolled high blood pressure; recent history of myocardial infarction or unstable coronary artery disease; seizure[clinicaltrials.gov] Other causes of trismus include trauma to the jaw, tetanus, and radiation therapy to the face and neck.[moveforwardpt.com]

  • Stingray Envenomation

    Ascending flaccid or spastic paralysis ensues, followed by nausea, vomiting, myoclonus, muscle spasm, ophthalmoplegia, trismus, and bilateral painless swelling of the parotid[ahcmedia.com] Systemic side effects can be seen, including nausea, vomiting, salivation, dyspnea, cardiac dysrhythmias, syncope, hypotension, seizures, fasciculations, and, rarely, death[nursingcenter.com] Tetanus prophylaxis should be given (see table Tetanus Prophylaxis in Routine Wound Management ), and an injured extremity should be elevated for several days.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Black Widow Spider Bite

    […] lower extremity bites) Abdominal cramping (64%) Board-like rigidity Nausea and Vomiting (36%) Facial Symptoms Flushed sweating face Contorted, Painful grimace Conjunctivitis Trismus[fpnotebook.com] If the veterinarian suspects a black widow bite, treatment can include: IV treatment with antivenin Monitoring and treating for seizures Watching for and treating high blood[doghealth.com] A tetanus vaccine is a booster shot used to help prevent tetanus. Tetanus is a severe infection that can develop in the bite wound.[drugs.com]

  • Scorpion Sting

    The patient was transferred to another clinic where she had shortness of breath, was hyperthermic (40 C), with trismus and nystagmus.[scielo.br] A 3-y-old child is reported who developed recurrent generalized tonic-clonic seizures 2 h after admission and hemiparesis on third day of admission following scorpion sting[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If you are not up to date with your tetanus shot, you should go to the doctor for immunisation.[mydr.com.au]

  • Drug-induced Dystonia

    Characteristic movements include trismus, mouth opening, grimacing, blepharospasm, glossopharyngeal contraction, stridor, oculogyric crisis, opisthotonos, torticollis, and[clinicaladvisor.com] […] serious challenge for emergency room doctors and neurologists, because of the high probability of misdiagnosis, due to the presence of several mimickers including partial seizures[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] was rather sparse: A patient with a known dystonic reaction to metoclopramide required an alternative option for sea sickness - we are trying cyclizine A patient developed trismus[bpac.org.nz]

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